Examples of Major Laws[*]

Congresses

1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th

6th

7th

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1st Congress (Mar 4, 1789 - Mar 3, 1791): Administration of George Washington

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

1st

1 Stat. 24-27

Tariff Act of 1789

Jul 4, 1789

Establish procedures to raise money to pay Government wages and obligations and to fund Federal debt

1st

1 Stat. 28-29

Department of Foreign Affairs

Jul 27, 1789

Establish

Department of Foreign Affairs

1st

1 Stat. 49-50

Department of War

August 7, 1789

Establish

Department of War

1st

1 Stat. 65-67

Department of Treasury

Sep 2, 1789

Establish Treasury Department

1st

1 Stat. 68-69

Department of State

Sep 15, 1789

Change name of Department of Foreign Affairs to Department of State

1st

1 Stat. 70

Office of Postmaster General

Sep 22, 1789

Provide for the temporary appointment of a Postmaster General

1st

1 Stat. 73-93

Judiciary Act of 1789

Sep 24, 1789

Establish the Federal Courts system

1st

1 Stat. 101-103

First Census

Mar 1, 1790

Provide for apportionment of Representatives and establish decennial census

1st

1 Stat. 103-104

Uniform Rule of Naturalization

Mar 26, 1790

Establish a uniform rule for naturalization of free white persons

1st

1 Stat. 109-112

First Patent Law

Apr 10, 1790

Establish a 3-man board with power to grant patents

1st

1 Stat. 124-126

First Copyright Law

May 31, 1790

Provide copyright protection for plays, maps, and books

1st

1 Stat. 130

Permanent Seat of Government

Jul 16, 1790

Provide for establishment of the Capital

1st

1 Stat. 138-144

Funding and Assumption Act of 1790

Aug 4, 1790

Provide for Federal government assumption of debts incurred by the States as a result of their participation in the Revolutionary War

1st

1 Stat. 191-196

First Bank of the U.S.

Feb 25, 1791

Incorporate the Bank of the U.S.

1st

1 Stat. 199-214

First Internal Revenue Law

Mar 3, 1791

Create revenue districts and imposed a tax on distilled liquors

 

2nd Congress (Oct 24, 1791 - Mar 2, 1793): Administration of George Washington

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

2nd

1 Stat. 239-241

Presidential Succession Act

Mar 1, 1792

Provide for succession in case the President and Vice President are both removed, resign, or die

2nd

1 Stat. 246-251

First Mint

Apr 2, 1792

Authorize establishment of the first U.S. Mint

2nd

1 Stat. 271-274

Militia Act

May 8, 1792

Require “each and every free able-bodied white male citizen of the Republic” between the ages of 18 and 45 to serve in a State militia.”

2nd

1 Stat. 302-305

Fugitive Slave Act of 1793

Feb 12, 1793

Empower owners of fugitive slaves, or their agents, to seize fugitive slaves and return them to servitude

 

3rd Congress (Dec 2, 1793 - Mar 3, 1795): Administration of George Washington

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

3rd

 

1 Stat. 350-351

Formation of U.S. Navy

Mar 27, 1794

Authorize the construction and manning of frigates and establish procedures for pay of Navy personnel

3rd

 

1 Stat 381-384

Neutrality Act

Jun 5, 1794

Prohibit U.S. citizens from enlisting in the services of any foreign power and prohibit the fitting out of foreign vessels in U.S. ports

3rd

 

 

1 Stat. 414-415

 

Naturalization Act

Jan 29, 1795

Establish procedures for resident aliens to become U.S. citizens

 

4th Congress (Dec 7, 1795 - Mar 3, 1797): Administration of George Washington

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

4th

1 Stat. 464-469

Land Act of 1796

May 18, 1796

Provide for surveys of public lands within the Northwest Territory and establish procedures for auction of public lands

4th

1 Stat. 469-474

An Act to Regulate Trade and Intercourse with the Indian Tribes

May 19, 1796

Establish a boundary line between the U.S. and various Indian tribes, beyond which only Indians had the right to hunt, trap, and fish

4th

Stat. 477-478

An Act for the Relief and Protection of American Seamen

May 28, 1796

Authorize investigation of impressment and detention of U.S. seamen into the naval service of foreign government s

 

5th Congress (May 15, 1797 - Mar 3, 1799): Administration of John Adams

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

5th

1 Stat. 552

Naval Armament for the Protection of American Commerce

Apr 27, 1798

Authorize the acquisition of naval vessels

5th

1 Stat. 553-554

Department of the Navy

Apr 30, 1798

Establish the Department of Navy

5th

1 Stat. 566-569

Naturalization Act

(First of the Alien and Sedition Acts)

Jun 18, 1798

Revise procedures for resident aliens to become U.S. citizens

5th

1 Stat. 570-572

Alien Act (Second of the Alien and Sedition Acts)

Jun 25, 1798

Provide the President with authority to deport aliens adjudged to be undesirable and require the licensing of certain other aliens

5th

1 Stat. 577-578

Alien Enemies Act (Third of the Alien and Sedition Acts)

Jul 6, 1798

Authorize the President to apprehend, detain, and deport resident aliens who are subjects of a foreign power at war with the U.S.

5th

1 Stat. 594-596

Marine Corps Act

Jul 11, 1798

Organize the Marine Corps into a distinct Service of the U.S. Government

5th

1 Stat. 596-597

Sedition Act (Fourth of the Alien and Sedition Acts)

Jul 14, 1798

Provide for the arrest and imprisonment of any person who attempts to impede lawful processes of government, foment insurrection or write, publish or utter false or malicious statements about the President, Vice President, Congress or Government of the U.S.

 

6th Congress (Dec 2, 1799 - Mar 3, 1801): Administration of John Adams

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

6th

2 Stat. 19-36

First Federal Bankruptcy Law

Apr 4, 1800

Establish a uniform system of bankruptcy

6th

2 Stat. 55-56

Removal of Government to Washington

Apr 24, 1800

Provide for the removal of the U.S. Government to Washington, D.C.

6th

2 Stat. 58-60

Indiana and Ohio Territories

May 7, 1800

Divide the Northwest Territory into the Indian and Ohio Territories

6th

2 Stat. 89-100

Judiciary Act of 1801

Feb 13, 1801

Revise the Federal Court System

 

7th Congress (Dec 7, 1801 - Mar 3, 1803): Administration of Thomas Jefferson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

7th

2 Stat. 137

U.S. Military Academy

Mar 16, 1802

Authorize the establishment of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y.

7th

2 Stat. 156-167

Repeal of the Judiciary Act of 1801

Apr 29, 1802

Revise the Federal Court System

7th

2 Stat. 173-175

First Enabling Act

Apr 30, 1802

Establish procedures for the Ohio Territory to become a State

 

8th Congress (Oct 17, 1803 - Mar 3, 1805): Administration of Thomas Jefferson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

8th

2 Stat. 274

Second National Bank Act

Mar 23, 1804

Authorize U.S. Bank officials to establish offices in any part of the territories or dependencies of the U.S.

 

9th Congress (Dec 2, 1805 - Mar 3, 1807): Administration of Thomas Jefferson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

9th

2 Stat. 357-359

Cumberland Road Act

Mar 29, 1806

Authorize the construction of a national road between Cumberland, Md., and Wheeling, W.Va.

9th

2 Stat. 379-381

Non-Importation Act

Apr 18, 1806

Prohibit the importation of certain British goods

9th

2 Stat. 421

Judiciary Act of 1807

Feb 24, 1807

Increase the number of Supreme Court Justices from six to seven

9th

2 Stat. 426-430

Slave Trade Prohibition Act

Mar 2, 1807

Prohibit the importation of slaves into U.S. after Jan 1, 1808.

 

10th Congress (Oct 26, 1807 - Mar 3, 1809): Administration of Thomas Jefferson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

10th

2 Stat. 451-453

Embargo Act of 1807

Dec 22, 1807

Embargo all ships and vessels in U.S. ports and harbors to prevent them from engaging in commercial activities with foreign countries

10th

2 Stat. 528-533

Non-Intercourse Act

Mar 1, 1809

Repeal the Embargo Act of 1807 and reopen trade with all nations except Great Britain and France

 

11th Congress (May 22, 1809 - Mar 3, 1811): Administration of James Madison

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

11th

2 Stat. 605-606

Macon's Bill Number 2

May 1, 1810

Authorize the restoration of trade with Britain and France on the condition that they recognize American neutrality

11th

3 Stat. 471-472

 

 

Extension of U.S. Rule Over West Florida

Jan 15, 1811

Authorize the President to occupy certain territories in West Florida

 

12th Congress (Nov 4, 1811 - Mar 3, 1813): Administration of James Madison

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

12th

2 Stat. 755

Declaration of War Against Great Britain and Ireland

Jun 18, 1812

Declare war against Great Britain and Ireland and authorize the President to use land and naval forces to carry out the war

12th

2 Stat. 708-709

Act to Enlarge the Limits of the State of Louisiana

Apr 14, 1812

Annex certain West Florida lands to Louisiana

12th

2 Stat. 734

Act to Enlarge the Boundaries of the Mississippi Territory

May 14, 1812

Annex certain West Florida lands to Mississippi

 

13th Congress (May 24, 1813 - Mar 3, 1815): Administration of James Madison

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

13th

3 Stat. 195

Purchase of the Library of Thomas Jefferson

Jan 30, 1815

Authorize the purchase of the library of Thomas Jefferson for use by Congress

13th

3 Stat. 217-218

Reduction of Naval Establishment

Feb 27, 1815

Provide for the sale of certain naval vessels

13th

3 Stat. 224-225

Fixing the Peacetime Military Establishment

Mar 3, 1815

Establish a peacetime standing army

13th

3 Stat. 230

Declaration of War Against Algiers

Mar 3, 1815

Declare war against Algiers in response to actions against U.S. ships and demands for payment of tribute

 

14th Congress (Dec 4, 1815 - Mar 3, 1817): Administration of James Madison

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

14th

3 Stat. 266-277

Second National Bank of the U.S.

Apr 10, 1816

Establish and capitalize the Second National Bank of the U.S.

14th

3 Stat. 310-314

First Protective Tariff

Apr 27, 1816

Establish heavy duties on certain foreign imports

 

15th Congress (Dec 1, 1817 - Mar 3, 1819): Administration of James Monroe

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

15th

3 Stat. 415

Flag of the U.S.

Apr 4, 1818

Establish the Stars and
Stripes as the permanent design

of the U.S. flag

15th

3 Stat. 488-489

First Immigration Law

Mar 2, 1819

Establish rules and procedures for passenger ships bringing immigrants to the U.S., including establishment of a numerical registry of immigration

 

16th Congress (Dec 6, 1819 - Mar 3, 1821): Administration of James Monroe

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

16th

 

3 Stat. 544

Missouri Compromise

Mar 3, 1819

Authorize the admission of Maine to the Union as a free State

16th

3 Stat. 545-548

Missouri Compromise

Mar 6, 1820

Permit the people of the proposed State of Missouri to draw up a constitution under which they decide whether or not to permit slavery, and prohibit slavery in the Louisiana Purchase north of the line 36 30’ except in Missouri

 

17th Congress (Dec 3, 1821 - Mar 3, 1823): Administration of James Monroe

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

17th

3 Stat. 678

Latin American Republics Act

May 4, 1822

Appropriate funds to establish diplomatic missions in the newly independent countries of Columbia, Mexico, Chile, Argentina, Brazil, and Peru

 

18th Congress (Dec 1, 1823 - Mar 3, 1825): Administration of James Monroe

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

18th

4 Stat. 22-23

General Survey Act

Apr 30, 1824

Empower the President to initiate surveys and estimates regarding the costs of building roads and canals for military, commercial, or postal purposes

18th

4 Stat. 25-30

Tariff Act of 1824

May 22, 1824

Increase tariff rates on certain items, including cotton goods, raw wool, and iron

 

19th Congress (Dec 5, 1825 - Mar 3, 1827): Administration of John Quincy Adams

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

19th

4 Stat. 158

Mission at the Panama Conference

May 4, 1826

Appropriate funds to send envoys and ministers to the Panama Conference of 1826

 

20th Congress (Dec 3, 1827 - Mar 3, 1829): Administration of John Quincy Adams

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

20th

4 Stat. 270-275

Tariff of Abominations

May 19, 1828

Raise duties on imported goods to a general rate of 41%

 

21st Congress (Dec 7, 1829 - Mar 3, 1831): Administration of Andrew Jackson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

21st

4 Stat. 411-412

Indian Removal Act

May 28, 1830

Provide for the general resettlement of Indians to lands west of the Mississippi

21st

4 Stat. 419-420

Renewing of Commercial Intercourse Between the U.S. and Certain Colonies of Great Britain

May 29, 1830

Authorize the President to open the ports of the U.S. as soon as British colonial were opened to the U.S. vessels without discrimination

 

22nd Congress (Dec 5, 1831 - Mar 2, 1833): Administration of Andrew Jackson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

22nd

4 Stat. 583-594

Tariff Act of 1832

Jul 14, 1832

Lower duties on many imported goods

22nd

4 Stat. 629-631

“Compromise Tariff” Bill

Mar 2, 1833

Add many imported items to the tariff-free list and provide for gradual reduction of many other duties

22nd

4 Stat. 632-635

Force Bill

Mar 2, 1833

Authorize the President to use the army and navy as necessary to execute revenue laws and collect custom duties

 

23rd Congress (Dec 2, 1833 - Mar 3, 1835): Administration of Andrew Jackson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

23rd

4 Stat. 735-738

Department of Indian Affairs

Jun 30, 1834

Provide for the organization of Department of Indian Affairs within Department of War

 

24th Congress (Dec 7, 1835 - Mar 3, 1837): Administration of Andrew Jackson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

24th

5 Stat. 52-56

Deposit Act

Jun 23, 1836

Require Department of Treasury to designate at least one bank in each State and territory as a place of public deposit of U.S. funds, and provide for the distribution of surplus revenue among the States

24th

 

 

5 Stat. 176-178

Enlargement of the Supreme Court

Mar 3, 1837

Increase the number of the Supreme Court Justices from seven to nine

 

25th Congress (Sep 4, 1837 - Mar 3, 1839): Administration of Martin Van Buren

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

25th

5 Stat. 201-204

Treasury Note Issue of 1837

Oct 12, 1837

Authorize the issues of $10 million dollars in Treasury notes to relive national financial crisis

 

26th Congress (Dec 2, 1839 - Mar 3, 1841): Administration of Martin Van Buren

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

26th

5 Stat. 385-392

Independent Treasury Act of 1840

Jul 4, 1840

Establish Federal depositories independent of State banks and private business, and establish sub-treasuries at New York, Boston, Philadelphia, St. Louis, New Orleans, Washington and Charleston

 

27th Congress (May 31, 1841 - Mar 3, 1843): Administration of John Tyler

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

27th

5 Stat. 439-440

Repeal of the Independent Treasury Act of 1840

Aug 13, 1841

Order the removal of all Government funds from the depositories established under the Independent Treasury Act of 1840

27th

5 Stat. 548-567

Tariff Act of 1842

Aug 30, 1842

Increase tariff rates and end the distribution of revenues to the States

 

28th Congress (Dec 4, 1843 - Mar 3, 1845): Administration of John Tyler

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

28th

5 Stat. 721

Establishment of Uniform Election Day for Presidential Electors

Jan 23, 1845

Designate the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November as Election Day for Presidential electors

28th

5 Stat. 797-798

Texas Annexation Resolution

Mar 1, 1845

Declare the consent of Congress to the

establishment of Texas as a State and its admission to the Union

 

29th Congress (Dec 1, 1845 - Mar 3, 1847): Administration of James K. Polk

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

29th

9 Stat. 9-10

Declaration of War with Mexico

May 13, 1846

Declare that the war was begun by Mexico, appropriate funds to conclude war, and empower the President to use the army and navy

29th

9 Stat. 42-49

Walker Tariff Act

Jul 30, 1846

Reduce tariff rates

29th

9 Stat. 59-66

Independent Treasury Act of 1846

Aug 6, 1846

Establish sub-treasuries for the deposit of Government money and stipulate that all payments made to and by the Government must be in gold, silver or Treasury notes

29th

9 Stat. 201

Postage Stamp Act

Mar 3, 1847

Authorize use of adhesive postage stamps

 

30th Congress (Dec 6, 1847 - Mar 3, 1849): Administration of James K. Polk

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

30th

9 Stat. 323-331

Oregon Bill

Aug 14, 1848

Establish a territorial government for Oregon that prohibits slavery

30th

 

9 Stat. 395-397

Department of the Interior

Mar 3, 1849

Establish the Department of Interior with responsibilities for the census, Indians, public lands, and patents

 

31st Congress (Dec 3, 1849 - Mar 3, 1851): Administrations of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

31st

9 Stat. 446-452

Texas and New Mexico Act

Sep 9, 1850

Establish Texas boundaries, authorize compensation to Texas for relinquishing claims to New Mexico, and provide that New Mexico be admitted to the Union with or without slavery, as determined by its constitution

31st

9 Stat. 452-453

Admission of California as a Free State

Sep 9, 1850

Provide for the admission of California to the Union as a free State

31st

9 Stat. 453-458

Utah Act

Sep 9, 1850

Provide that Utah be admitted to the Union with or without slavery, as determined by its constitution

31st

9 Stat. 462-465

Fugitive Slave Act

Sep 18, 1850

Remove fugitive slave cases from Federal jurisdiction, provide for the appointment of Federal commissioners to conduct hearings ands issue warrants of arrest and certificates of return, impose a fine and imprisonment on any person aiding or harboring a fugitive slave, and deny fugitive slaves the right of jury trial or the right to testify on their own behalf

31st

9 Stat. 467-468

District of Columbia Slave-Trade Act

Sep 20, 1850

Abolish the slave trade in D.C.

 

32nd Congress (Dec 1, 1851 - Mar 3, 1853): Administration of Millard Fillmore

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

32nd

10 Stat. 3

To Make Military Bounty Land Warrants Assignable

Mar 22, 1852

Provide that land warrants issued to veterans in return for military service may be sold or traded

 

33rd Congress (Dec 5, 1853 - Mar 3, 1855): Administration of Franklin Pierce

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

33rd

 

10 Stat. 277-290

Kansas-Nebraska Act

May 30, 1854

Repeal the Missouri Compromise to allow citizens in the newly created territories of Kansas and Nebraska determine whether or not slavery would be legal

33rd

10 Stat. 604

Citizenship Act of 1855

Feb 10, 1855

Grant right of citizenship to children of citizens born outside of the U.S.

 

34th Congress (Dec 3, 1855 - Mar 3, 1857): Administration of Franklin Pierce

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

34th

11 Stat. 192-195

Tariff of 1857

Mar 3, 1857

Reduce the tariffs on many imported goods

 

35th Congress (Dec 7, 1857 - Mar 3, 1859): Administration of James Buchanan

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

35th

11 Stat. 269-272

English Bill

May 4, 1858

Offer to admit Kansas into the Union and provide the State with a public lands grant, provided that the State adopt the Lecompton constitution which supported slavery and the rights of slave owners

 

36th Congress (Dec 5, 1859 - Mar 3, 1861): Administration of James Buchanan

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

36th  

12 Stat. 178-198

Morrill Tariff Act of 1861

Mar 2, 1861

Increase duties on certain classes of imports

 

37th Congress (Jul 4, 1861 - Mar 3, 1863): Administration of Abraham Lincoln

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

37th

12 Stat. 292-313

First Federal Income Tax

Aug 5, 1861

Impose duties on certain imports, institute a direct tax on real estate, and establish a tax on income

37th

 

12 Stat. 319

First Slave Confiscation Act

Aug 6, 1861

Provide for the emancipation of slaves employed in arms or labor against the U.S. Government

37th

 

12 Stat. 345-348

Legal Tender Act

Feb 25, 1852

Authorize the issuance of $150 million in paper currency

37th

 

12 Stat. 387-388

Department of Agriculture

May 15, 1862

Establish the Department of Agriculture

37th

 

12 Stat. 392-394

Homestead Act

May 20, 1862

Provide up to 160 acres of public lands at $1.25 an acre to any citizen or head of a family who occupied and improved the land for five continuous years

37th

 

12 Stat. 489-498

Pacific Railroad Act

Jul 1, 1862

Provide for the Union Pacific Railroad and the Central Pacific Railroad to undertake efforts to complete the first U.S. transcontinental railroad

37th

12 Stat. 501-502

First Antipolygamy Act

Jul 1, 1862

Prohibit the practice of polygamy in the States and Territories, and annul certain acts of the Legislative Assembly of the Territory of Utah

37th

12 Stat. 503-505

Morrill Land-Grant College Act

Jul 2, 1862

Grant to States not in rebellion against the U.S. Government public lands or land scrip to be sold for the purpose of endowing agricultural and mechanical arts colleges

37th

12 Stat. 543-561

Tariff Act of 1862

Jul 14, 1862

Raise tariff rates

37th

12 Stat. 589-592

Second Slave Confiscation Act

Jul 17, 1862

Emancipated slaves of persons engaged in the rebellion against the U.S. Government

37th

12 Stat. 665-682

National Bank Act

Feb 25, 1863

Establish a national banking system

37th

12 Stat. 731-737

Conscription Act

Mar 3, 1863

Establish a national system to draft men between the ages of 20-45 for military service

37th

12 Stat. 755-758

Habeas Corpus Act

Mar 3, 1863

Endorse actions of President Lincoln authorizing the suspension of habeas corpus rights during the war

37th

12 Stat. 806-807

National Academy of Sciences

Mar 3, 1863

Establish the National Academy of Sciences

 

38th Congress (Dec 7, 1863 - Mar 3, 1865): Administration of Abraham Lincoln

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

38th

13 Stat. 202-218

Morrill Tariff Amendments of 1864

Jun 30, 1864

Increase tariff rates

38th

13 Stat. 365-372

Northern Pacific Railroad Act

Jul 2, 1864

Authorize the Northern Pacific Railroad to build a railroad and telegraph line from Lake Superior to Portland, Oregon

38th

13 Stat. 385-387

Immigration Act

Jul 4, 1864

Provide for the appointment of the Commissioner of Immigration and the establishment of a U.S. Emigrant Office in New York

 

39th Congress (Dec 4, 1865 - Mar 3, 1867): Administration of Andrew Johnson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

39th

14 Stat. 27-30

Civil Rights Act

Apr 9, 1866

Grant citizenship to all persons born in the U.S., and provide all citizens, with the exception of Indians, with the same civil rights

39th

14 Stat. 428-430

First Reconstruction Act

Mar 2, 1867

Divide the States of the former Confederacy, except for Tennessee, into military districts, and establish procedures for their readmittance to the Union

39th

14 Stat. 430-432

Tenure of Office Act of 1867

Mar 2, 1867

Prohibit the President from removing civil officials appointed with the advice of the Senate without first obtaining Senatorial approval

 

40th Congress (Mar 4, 1867 - Mar 3, 1869): Administration of Ulysses Grant

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

40th

15 Stat. 2-5

Second Reconstruction Act

Mar 23, 1867

Require military commanders in charge of the five military districts in the South to establish procedures for voter registration and elections

40th

15 Stat. 539-544

Alaska Purchase Treaty

Apr 9, 1867

Provide for the purchase of Alaska from Russia

40th

15 Stat. 14-16

Third Reconstruction Act

Jul 19, 1867

Provide the commander of the five Southern military districts with authority to suspend or remove from office any civil or military official in the district, and to resolve voter eligibility issues

40th

15 Stat. 41

Fourth Reconstruction Act

Mar 11, 1868

Revise regulations for former Confederate State adoption of new constitutions

40th

15 Stat. 72-74

Omnibus Act

Jun 22, 25, 1868

Provide for the readmission to the Union of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, North Carolina, and South Carolina

 

41st Congress (Mar 4, 1869 - Mar 3, 1871): Administration of Ulysses Grant

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

41st

16 Stat. 1

Public Credit Act

Mar 18, 1969

Provide for the payment of Government obligations in gold

41st

16 Stat. 140-146

First Force Act (First Ku Klux Klan Act)

May 31, 1870

Establish penalties for and Federal jurisdiction over right to vote infringement

41st

16 Stat. 162-165

Department of Justice

Jun 22, 1870

Establish the Department of Justice

41st

16 Stat. 256-272

Tariff Act of 1870

Jul 14, 1870

Eliminate or reduce tariff rates on certain imports, and reduce the internal revenue tax

41st

16 Stat. 433-440

Second Force Act (Second Ku Klux Klan Act)

Feb 28, 1871

Place control of national elections under Federal control, authorize Federal judges to appoint election supervisors, and authorize U.S. Marshalls to preserve order at polling places

41st

16 Stat. 514-515

Civil Service Commission

Mar 3, 1871

Authorize the President to prescribe regulations to promote the efficiency of the civil service, and to employ suitable persons to conduct interviews and establish regulations for individuals who receive civil service appointments

 

42nd Congress (Mar 4, 1871 - Mar 3, 1873): Administration of Ulysses Grant

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

42nd

17 Stat. 13-15

Third Force Act (Third Ku Klux Klan Act)

Apr 20, 1871

Direct the Federal courts to punish specific acts of terrorism, bar members of Klan-type societies from serving on juries in these cases, and authorize the President to suspend the writ of habeas corpus in areas deemed to be in a condition of anarchy and insurrection

42nd

17 Stat. 32-33

Yellowstone National Park (First National Park)

Mar 1, 1872

Designate a tract of land near the Yellowstone River as a public park

42nd

17 Stat. 91-96

General Mining Act of 1872

May 10, 1872

Provide that mineral deposits on public lands be open to exploration and purchase by U.S. citizens

42nd

17 Stat. 230-258

Tariff Act of 1872

Jun 6, 1872

Reduce tariff rates and reduce the duties on salt and coal

42nd

17 Stat. 424-436

Coinage Act of 1873

Feb 12, 1873

Discontinue coinage of silver dollars except for international trade, and make gold the sole monetary standard for the U.S.

42nd

 

17 Stat. 485-509

Salary Grab Act

Mar 3, 1873

Double the President’s salary and increase the salaries of the Vice President, Cabinet members, Supreme Court Justices, and members of Congress

 

43rd Congress (Dec 1, 1873 - Mar 3, 1875): Administration of Ulysses Grant

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

43rd

18 Stat 4

Salary Grab Act Repeal

Jan 20, 1874

Repeal the salary increases in Salary Grab Act, with the exception of the salary of the President and Supreme Court Judges

43rd

18 Stat. 116-121

Reorganization of D.C. Government

Jun 20, 1874

Replace D.C. home rule with a government of commissioners appointed by the President

43rd

18 Stat. 296

Specie Resumption Act

Jan 14, 1875

Reduce the value of greenbacks in circulation and allow the resumption of specie payment

43rd

18 Stat. 335-337

Civil Rights Act of 1875

Mar 1, 1875

Guarantee equal rights to all citizens in public accommodations and conveyances, and prohibit the exclusion of African Americans from jury duty

43rd

18 Stat. 469-470

Tariff Act of 1875

Mar 3, 1875

Increase tariff rates and duties

 

44th Congress (Dec 6, 1875 - Mar 3, 1877): Administration of Ulysses Grant

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

44th

19 Stat. 227-229

Electoral Commission

Jan 29, 1877

Establish a commission to review dispute involving electoral votes in the 1876 Presidential election

 

45th Congress (Oct 15, 1877 - Mar 3, 1879): Administration of Rutherford B. Hayes

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

45th

20 Stat. 25-26

Bland-Allison Act

Feb 28, 1878

Provide for the Department of Treasury to purchase silver to be coined into silver dollars, make silver legal tender, authorize the issuance of paper money backed by coin deposits, and direct the President to call an international monetary conference to set a ratio between gold and silver

 

46th Congress (Mar 18, 1879 - Mar 3, 1881): Administration of Rutherford B. Hayes

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

46th

20 Stat. 152

Army Appropriation Bill of 1878

Jun 18, 1878

Prohibit the use of the U.S. Army as a posse comitatus to execute laws, except in cases expressly authorized by the Constitution or an act of Congress

46th

20 Stat. 394-395

Geological Survey

Mar 3, 1879

Establish the Geological Survey as a bureau within the Department of Interior

 

47th Congress (Dec 5, 1881 - Mar 3, 1883): Administrations of James A. Garfield and Chester A. Arthur

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

47th

22 Stat. 30-32

Edmunds Anti-Polygamy Act

Mar 22, 1882

Impose penalties on the practice of polygamy and disqualify those who practice it from voting, holding office, or serving on juries in polygamy cases; and place Utah elections under Federal supervision

47th

22 Stat. 58-61

Chinese Exclusion Act

May 6, 1882

Suspend the immigration of Chinese laborers for ten years and deny citizenship to all foreign-born Chinese

47th

 

22 Stat. 64

Tariff Commission

May 15, 1882

Establish a commission to suggest reforms to deal with the accumulating surplus in the Department of Treasury

47th

22 Stat. 214-215

Immigration Act of 1882

Aug 3, 1882

Prohibit paupers, criminals, convicts, and the insane from entering the U.S., and establish a 50-cent head tax on each immigrant

47th

 

22 Stat. 403-407

Pendleton Act

Jan 16, 1883

Establish a bipartisan Civil Service Commission and provide that no Federal employees is under any obligation to contribute to a political fund

47th

22 Stat. 488-526

Mongrel Tariff

Mar 3, 1883

Revise tariff rates for certain imports

 

48th Congress (Dec 3, 1883 - Mar 3, 1885): Administration of Chester A. Arthur

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

48th

23 Stat. 60-61

Bureau of Labor

Jun 27, 1884

Establish a Bureau of Labor within the Department of Interior

48th

23 Stat. 115-118

Second Chinese Exclusion Act

Jul 5, 1884

Impose stringent penalties on the master of any vessel attempting to land Chinese laborers

48th

23 Stat. 332-333

Contract Labor Act

Feb 26, 1885

Prohibit immigration of contract laborers into the U.S. except for use as domestic servants or skilled labor not otherwise obtainable for new industries

 

49th Congress (Dec 7, 1885 - Mar 3, 1887): Administration of Grover Cleveland

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

49th

 

24 Stat. 1-2

Presidential Succession

Jan 19, 1886

Establish procedures for Presidential succession in case of removal, death, resignation or inability of the both the President and Vice President to serve

49th

24 Stat. 373-375

Electoral Count Act

Feb 3, 1887

Revise procedures for electoral vote in Presidential elections

49th

24 Stat. 379-387

Interstate Commerce Act

Feb 4, 1887

Establish a presidentially appointed five-man Interstate Commerce Commission

49th

24 Stat. 388-391

Dawes Severalty Act

Feb 8, 1887

Provide for the allotment of Indian reservation lands to tribal members

49th

24 Stat. 440-442

Hatch Act

Mar 2, 1887

Provide subsidies to States for establishment and support of agricultural experiment stations administered by State agricultural colleges

49th

24 Stat. 500

Tenure of Office Act Repeal

Mar 3, 1887

Repeal the Tenure of Office Act of 1887

 

50th Congress (Dec 5, 1887 - Mar 3, 1889): Administration of Grover Cleveland

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

50th

25 Stat. 182-184

Department of Labor Act

Jun 13, 1888

Re-designate the National Bureau of Labor as an independent agency without Cabinet rank

50th

25 Stat. 501-504

Railroad Arbitration Act

Oct 1, 1888

Establish procedures for voluntary arbitration in railroad-labor conflicts

50th

25 Stat. 659

Department of Agriculture Act

Feb 9, 1889

Re-designate the Commission on Agriculture as an independent department with Cabinet level status

 

51st Congress (Dec 2, 1889 - Mar 3, 1891): Administration of Benjamin Harrison

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

51st

26 Stat. 81-100

Territory of Oklahoma

May 2, 1890

Establish the Oklahoma Territory

51st

26 Stat. 182-183

Dependent Pension and Disability Act

Jun 27, 1890

Provide pensions to disabled Union veterans and dependents of veterans who work for a living

51st

 

26 Stat. 209-210

Sherman Antitrust Act

Jul 2, 1890

Provide the Federal Government with authority to prosecute corporations or individuals entering into contracts in restraint of interstate trade or commerce with foreign countries, and provide individuals injured by monopolistic practices with the right to sue for damages

51st

26 Stat. 289-290

Sherman Silver Purchase Act

Jul 14, 1890

Require Department of Treasury to buy certain amounts of silver bullion and issue legal tender Treasury notes redeemable in gold or silver

51st

 

26 Stat. 567-625

McKinley Tariff Act

Oct 1, 1890

Increase duties and provide for limited reciprocity treaties between the U.S. and countries that produce sugar, molasses, coffee, tea and hides

51st

26 Stat. 826-830

Court of Appeals Act

Mar 3, 1891

Establish the Court of Appeals

51st

26 Stat. 1103

Forestry Reserves Act

Mar 3, 1891

Authorize the President to set aside public lands as forest reserve lands (subsequently called national forests)

51st

26 Stat. 1106-1110

International Copyright Act

Mar 3, 1891

Provide copyright protection to foreign authors whose governments provide U.S. authors with copyright protection

 

52nd Congress (Dec 7, 1891 - Mar 3, 1893): Administration of Benjamin Harrison

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

52nd

27 Stat. 25-26

Geary Chinese Exclusion Act

May 5, 1892

Extend the Chinese Exclusion Act, provide regulations for the deportment of Chinese, and require all Chinese laborers entitled to remain in the U.S. to obtain certificates of residence

52nd

 

27 Stat. 340

Eight-Hour Day

Aug 1, 1892

Limit the hours of daily service of laborers employed by the

Federal government, D.C. or public works contractors

52nd

27 Stat. 531-532

Railway Safety Appliance Act

Mar 2, 1893

Require all railroads engaged in interstate commerce to equip their cars with certain safety devices

 

53rd Congress (Aug 7, 1893 - Mar 3, 1895): Administration of Grover Cleveland

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

53rd

28 Stat. 391

Bureau of Immigration

Aug 18, 1894

Authorize the President to organize a Bureau of Immigration and appoint commissioners

 

54th Congress (Dec 2, 1895 - Mar 3, 1897): Administration of Grover Cleveland

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

54th

28 Stat. 509-570

Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act

Aug 27, 1894

Reduce the tariff rate and permit the Government to levy an income tax on incomes in excess of $4,000 per year

54th

29 Stat. 84

Act of Oblivion

Mar 31, 1896

Repeal law holding that individuals who held commissions or served in an official capacity in the Confederacy were not eligible to hold a position in the U.S. army or navy

 

55th Congress (Mar 15, 1897 - Mar 3, 1899): Administration of William McKinley

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

55th

30 Stat. 151-214

Dingley Tariff Act

Jul 24, 1897

Increase rates of customs duties

55th

 

30 Stat. 738-739

Recognition of Cuban Independence (Teller Amendment)

Apr 20, 1898

Recognize the independence of Cuba, demand that Spain relinquish its authority and withdraw land and naval forces from Cuba, and direct the President to use force to carry out this resolution

55th

 

30 Stat. 424-428

Erdman Act

Jun 1, 1898

Provide for mediation by Interstate Commerce Commission Chairman and Bureau of Labor Commissioner in railroad disputes

55th

30 Stat. 448-470

War Revenue Act

Jun 13, 1898

Impose various taxes, including taxes on liquor and tobacco, and authorize Department of Treasury to borrow sums necessary to meet public expenditures

55th

30 Stat. 750-751

Hawaiian Annexation

Jul 7, 1898

Provide for annexation and government of Hawaiian Islands

 

56th Congress (Dec 4, 1899 - Mar 3, 1901): Administration of William McKinley

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

56th

31 Stat. 45-50

Currency Act of 1900 (Gold Standard Act)

Mar 14, 1900

Declare the gold dollar to be the standard unit of monetary value and place all forms of U.S. currency on parity with gold

56th

31 Stat. 77-86

Foraker Act

Apr 12, 1900

Establish a civil government in Puerto Rico and establish the island as an unorganized territory of the U.S.

56th

31 Stat. 141-162

Hawaiian Organic Act

Apr 30, 1900

Accorded Hawaii the political status of an incorporated territory

56th

 

31 Stat. 897-898

Platt Amendment

Mar 2, 1901

Prohibit Cuba from making a treaty with any foreign nation which would impair its independence, provide the U.S. with the right to intervene in Cuban affairs, and require Cuba to sell or lease lands to the U.S. for coaling and naval stations

56th

31 Stat. 910

Spooner Amendment

Mar 2, 1901

Authorize the President to establish a temporary civil government in the Philippine Islands

 

57th Congress (Dec 2, 1901 - Mar 3, 1903): Administration of Theodore Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

57th

32 Stat. 51-53

Permanent Census Office

Mar 6, 1902

Provide the Census Bureau with permanent status and provide for the appointment of a Director of Census by the President

57th

32 Stat. 388-390

Newlands Reclamation Project

Jun 17, 1902

Authorize the use of the proceeds of public lands sales in western and southwestern States for the development of irrigation projects

57th

32 Stat. 481-484

Spooner (Isthmus of Panama) Act

Jun 28, 1902

Provide for the purchase of rights, work, and property owned by the New Panama Canal Co. of France on the Isthmus of Panama

57th

32 Stat. 691-712

Philippines Government Act

Jul 1, 1902

Declare the Philippine Islands to be an unorganized territory and provide for the establishment of a government

57th

32 Stat. 823

Expedition Act

Feb 11, 1903

Establish procedures to expedite Federal prosecution of antitrust suits

57th

32 Stat. 825-830

Department of Commerce and Labor

Feb 14, 1903

Establish the Department of Commerce and Labor as a Cabinet level department

57th

32 Stat. 847-849

Elkins Act

Feb 19, 1903

Establish a definition of actions that constitute unfair discrimination between shippers engaged in interstate commerce

 

58th Congress (Nov 9, 1903 - Mar 3, 1905): Administration of Theodore Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

58th

33 Stat. 628

Transfer Act

Feb 1, 1905

Transfer control of national forest reserves from the Department of Interior to the Department of Agriculture

 

59th Congress (Dec 4, 1905 - Mar 3, 1907): Administration of Theodore Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

59th

34 Stat. 225

American Antiquities Act

Jun 8, 1906

Require that a permit be obtained for examination of ruins and excavations of archeological sites, and authorize the President to designate as national monuments objects or areas of historical or scientific interest

59th

34 Stat. 584-595

Hepburn Act

Jun 29, 1906

Empower the Interstate Commerce Commission to establish minimum railroad rates and prescribe uniform accounting systems for railroad corporations

59th

34 Stat. 596-607

Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization

Jun 29, 1906

Establish a Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization

59th

34 Stat. 674-679

Meat Inspection Act

Jun 30, 1906

Authorize Department of Agriculture to assume responsibility for inspections of meats prepared for interstate shipment

59th

 

34 Stat. 768-772

Pure Food and Drug Act

Jun 30, 1906

Establish penalties for manufacture, sale or transportation of adulterated or mislabeled food, drugs, medicines, and liquors sold in interstate or foreign commerce

59th

34 Stat. 1228-1229

Citizenship and Expatriation Act

Mar 2, 1907

Establish procedures for issuance of passports to non-U.S. citizens, for expatriation of U.S. citizens, and for granting of citizenship to foreigners married to U.S. citizens

 

60th Congress (Dec 2, 1907 - Mar 3, 1909): Administration of Theodore Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

60th

35 Stat. 546-553

Aldrich-Vreeland Emergency Currency Act

May 30, 1908

Establish a commission to study banking and currency systems, and authorize national banks to form associations permitted to issue circulating notes in times of emergency

 

61st Congress (Mar 15, 1909 - Mar 3, 1911): Administration of William A. Taft

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

61st

36 Stat. 11-118

Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act

Aug 5, 1909

Lower customs duties, establish a Tariff Commission, and impose a tax on interstate corporations

61st

36 Stat. 539-557

Mann-Elkins Act

Jun 18, 1910

Place telegraph, telephone, cable, and wireless companies under the jurisdiction of the Interstate Commerce Commission, and establish a Federal Court of Commerce to hear appeals regarding Interstate Commerce Commission rulings

61st

36 Stat. 822-824

Publicity of Campaign Contributions Act

Jun 25, 1910

Require candidates for the House of Representatives to report campaign contributions greater than $10

61st

36 Stat. 825-827

White-Slave Trade Act (Mann Act)

Jun 25, 1910

Prohibit transportation of women across state lines for immoral purposes

61st

36 Stat. 961-963

Weeks Act

Mar 1, 1911

Authorize interstate compacts for forest and water supply conservation, establish Federal grants to States for the prevention of forest fires in watersheds of navigable rivers, and grant States a percentage of proceeds from national forests within their boundaries to be used for schools and roads

 

62nd Congress (Apr 4, 1911 - Mar 3, 1913): Administration of William A. Taft

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

62nd

37 Stat. 512-518

Alaska Organic Act

Aug 24, 1912

Establish the Territory of Alaska as an unincorporated territory of the U.S.

62nd

37 Stat. 699-700

Webb-Kenyon Interstate Liquor Act

Mar 1, 1913

Prohibit interstate shipping of liquor into States where sale of liquor is illegal

62nd

37 Stat. 701-703

Physical Valuation Act

Mar 1, 1913

Empower the Interstate Commerce Commission to analyze railroad property to establish cost and physical valuation as a basis for rate making and the fixing of a reasonable profit

62nd

37 Stat. 736-738

Department of Labor Establishment

Mar 4, 1913

Separate the Department of Commerce and Labor into two Cabinet level departments and establish U.S. Board of Mediation and Conciliation

 

63rd Congress (Apr 7, 1913 - Mar 3, 1915): Administration of Woodrow Wilson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

63rd

38 Stat. 114-202

Underwood-Simmons Tariff Act

Oct 3, 1913

Lower customs duties, authorize the President to negotiate reciprocal trade agreements, establish anti-dumping measures, and impose a one percent tax on incomes above $42,000 and a graduated one to six percent tax on incomes of $20,000 and above

63rd

38 Stat. 251-275

Federal Reserve Bank Act

Dec 23, 1913

Provide for the designation of Federal Reserve Bank cities, and establish the Federal Reserve Board

63rd

38 Stat.372-375

Smith-Lever
Act

May 8, 1914

Establish an agricultural extension work system based on cooperation between the Department of Agriculture and the land grant colleges

63rd

38 Stat. 717-724

Federal Trade Commission Act

Sep 26, 1914

Prohibit unfair competition in interstate commerce and establish the Federal Trade Commission

63rd

38 Stat. 730-740

Clayton Antitrust Act

Oct 15, 1914

Prohibit certain forms of price discrimination, certain inter-corporate stock holdings and interlocking directorates; provide remedies for parties injured by monopolistic practices; and declare strikes and boycotts to be legal

63rd

38 Stat. 745-764

War Revenue Act of 1914

Oct 22, 1914

Increase certain internal taxes, including taxes on liquor and tobacco

63rd

38 Stat. 800-803

Creation of U.S. Coast Guard

Jan 28, 1915

Combine the Revenue Cutter Service and the Life Saving Service to create the U.S. Coast Guard

 

64th Congress (Dec 6, 1915 - Mar 3, 1917): Administration of Woodrow Wilson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

64th

39 Stat. 166-217

National Defense Act

Jun 3, 1916

Provide for reorganization of the armed forces in peace-time, provide for reserve officers trainings corps at colleges and universities, authorize the construction of a plant for the production of nitrates and munitions, establish a signal corps, and provide for the purchase and maintenance of airships

64th

39 Stat. 355-359

Rural Post Roads Act

Jul 11, 1916

Authorize Federal aid to States for the construction of roads over which the U.S. mails could be transported

64th

39 Stat. 360-384

Federal Farm Loan Bank Act

Jul 17, 1916

Establish a Federal land bank system to be administered by a Federal Farm Loan Board

64th

39 Stat. 486-493

Warehouse Act

Aug 11, 1916

Authorize licensed and bonded warehouses to issue receipts against certain agricultural commodities that are negotiable as delivery orders or as collateral for loans

64th

39 Stat. 535-536

Office of National Parks, Buildings and Reservations

Aug 25, 1916

Establish the Office of National Parks, Buildings and Reservations

64th

39 Stat. 545-556

Jones Act (Organic Act of the Philippine Islands)

Aug 29, 1916

Declare that it was the intention of the U.S. people to provide a more autonomous government for the Philippines and eventually grant independence

64th

39 Stat. 675-676

Keating-Owen Child Labor Act

Sep 1, 1916

Prohibit the interstate shipment of the products of child labor and establish minimum age and hours laws

64th

39 Stat. 721-722

Adamson Act

Sep 3, 5, 1916

Establish an 8-hour work day and time-and-a half for overtime on interstate railroads

64th

39 Stat. 728-738

Shipping Act

Sep 7, 1916

Establish the U.S. Shipping Board empowered to acquire vessels through the Emergency Fleet Corp.

64th

39 Stat. 874-898

Immigration Act

Feb 5, 1917

Restrict immigration of Asian laborers, and require immigrants to pass a literacy test preceding admission to the US.

64th

 

39 Stat. 929-936

Smith-Hughes Act

Feb 23, 1917

Establish the Federal Board of Vocational Education

 

65th Congress (Apr 2, 1917 - Mar 3, 1919): Administration of Woodrow Wilson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

65th

 

40 Stat. 1

Declaration of a State of War with Germany

Apr 6, 1917

Proclaim that a state of war exists with Germany

65th

40 Stat. 35-37

Liberty Loan Act

Apr 24, 1917

Authorize a bond issue for costs of war and authorize loans to Allies

65th

40 Stat. 76-83

Selective Service Act

May 18, 1917

Require registration and classification for military service of all men between the ages of 21 and 30, and provide for selection by lottery of physically fit registrants for military service

65th

40 Stat. 217-231

Espionage Act

Jun 15, 1917

Establish severe penalties for treasonable and disloyal activities against the interests of Government

65th

40 Stat. 276-287

Lever Food and Fuel Control Act

Aug 10, 1917

Authorize the President to fix prices and to place controls on output and consumption, and prohibit the importation and manufacture of distilled spirits for the duration of the war

65th

40 Stat. 300-338

War Revenue Act

Oct 3, 1917

Increase corporate and personal income taxes and establish excise, excess-profit, and luxury taxes

65th

40 Stat. 411-426

Trading With the Enemy Act

Oct 6, 1917

Prohibit commercial activity with enemy nations or their associates, authorize the President to place an embargo on imports, authorize censorship of any material passing between the U.S. and any foreign nation, establish a custodian of alien property, and establish a War Trade Board with power to license imports and exports to facilitate U.S. trade and hamper enemy trade

65th

40 Stat. 1729-1733

Declaration of a State of War With Austria-Hungary

Dec 11, 1917

Proclaim that a state of war exists with Austria-Hungary.

 

65th

40 Stat. 450-451

Daylight Standard Time Act

Mar 19, 1918

Establish standard time zones and establish daylight savings time from Mar to Oct to conserve electric energy

65th

40 Stat. 451-458

Railroad Control Act

Mar 21, 1918

Place the management of all railroads under Federal control

65th

40 Stat. 506-515

War Finance Corporation Act

Apr 5, 1918

Establish a War Finance Corp. with power to lend to banks to cover loans made to war industries and to lend to persons and corporations engaged in business necessary to the prosecution of war

65th

40 Stat. 516-518

Webb-Pomerene Export Trade Act

Apr 10, 1918

Provide exporters to establish associations to facilitate export trade without being liable for violation of antitrust laws

65th

40 Stat. 533-534

Sabotage Act

Apr 20, 1918

Establish penalties for disruption of activities related to national defense

65th

40 Stat. 553-554

Sedition Act

May 16, 1918

Establish severe penalties for making or conveying false statements interfering with the prosecution of war, and for willfully uttering, printing, writing or publishing any language disloyal to our form of Government, the Constitution or the armed forces

65th

40 Stat. 755-757

Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918

Jul 3, 1918

Implement the 1916 Convention Between the U.S. and Great Britain (for Canada) for the Protection of Migratory Birds

 

66th Congress (May 19, 1919 - Mar 3, 1921): Administration of Woodrow Wilson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

66th

41 Stat. 305-323

National Prohibition Act (Volstead Act).

Oct 28, 1919

Authorize the commissioner of Internal Revenue to enforce the 18th constitutional amendment prohibiting the manufacture, sale, or transportation of liquor

66th

41 Stat. 437-451

Mineral Leasing Act of 1920

Feb 25, 1920

Establish a leasing system for acquisition of coal, oil and other mineral deposits

66th

41 Stat. 456-499

Transportation Act of 1920 (Esch-Cummins Transportation Act)

Feb 28, 1920

Establish a Railroad Labor Board for the adjustment of labor disputes, return the railroads from Federal to private control, and exempt railroads form antitrust laws

66th

41 Stat. 988-1008

Jones Merchant Marine Act

Jun 5, 1920

Repeal emergency war legislation relating to U.S. shipping, reorganize the U.S. shipping Board, and authorize the sale of government ships to private operators

66th

41 Stat. 1063-1077

Federal Water Power Act

Jun 10, 1920

Create a Federal Power Commission authorized to regulate waterways on public lands and navigable streams, and to license the use of dam sites for electric power

 

67th Congress (Apr 11, 1921 - Mar 3, 1923): Administration of Warren G. Harding

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

67th

42 Stat. 5-7

First Immigration Quota Act

May 19, 1921

Establish immigration quotas based on nationality

67th

42 Stat. 20-27

National Budget and Accounting Act

Jun 10, 1921

Establish a Budget Bureau in the Department of Treasury to formulate and oversee budget expenditures, and establish a General Accounting Office to carry out independent audits of Government accounts

67th

42 Stat. 147-157

Establishment of Veterans' Bureau

Aug 9, 1921

Establish the Veterans' Bureau as an independent agency

67th

42 Stat. 159-169

Packers and Stockyards Act

Aug 15, 1921

Prohibit unfair practices, including manipulation and control of prices, that create a monopoly or restraint of trade in livestock, poultry, and dairy industries

67th

42 Stat. 187-191

Future Trading Act

Aug 24, 1921

Establish procedures to regulate grain futures markets in order to prevent market manipulation and monopolistic practices

67th

42 Stat. 224-226

Sheppard-Towner Maternity and Infancy Act

Nov 23, 1921

Provide Federal aid to States to promote welfare and hygiene of mothers and infants

67th

 

42 Stat. 388-389

Capper-Volstead Cooperative Marketing Act

Feb 18, 1922

Exempt agricultural associations and cooperatives from anti-trust laws to allow cooperative buying and selling by farmers

67th

 

42 Stat 1021-1022

Cable Act

Sep 22, 1922

Provide that a woman would no longer lose her citizenship if she married an alien or automatically gain her citizenship if she married a U.S. citizen

67th

42 Stat 1454-1482

Agricultural Credits Act

Mar 4, 1923

Authorize the creation of Intermediate Credit Banks authorized to make agricultural loans against land, crops, and livestock

 

68th Congress (Dec 3, 1923 - Mar 3, 1925): Administration of Calvin Coolidge

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

68th

43 Stat. 121-131

Soldiers’ Bonus Bill

May 19, 1924

Authorize bonuses for World War I veterans

68th

43 Stat. 140-146

Rogers Foreign Service Act

May 24, 1924

Reorganize diplomatic and consular services

68th

43 Stat. 153-169

Immigration Quota Act

May 26, 1924

Lower the annual immigration quota for all nationalities

68th

43 Stat. 253

Native-born American Indians Made Citizens

Jun 2, 1924

Grants citizenship to all non-citizen Indians born in the U.S.

68th

43 Stat. 1070-1074

Federal Corrupt Practices Act of 1925

Feb 28, 1925

Limit campaign expenditures by candidates for the House of Representative and the Senate

 

69th Congress (Dec 7, 1925 - Mar 3, 1927): Administration of Calvin Coolidge

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

69th

44 Stat. 9-131

Revenue Act of 1926

Feb 26, 1926

Reduce personal income and inheritance taxes, abolish numerous excise taxes, and increase taxes on corporations

69th

44 Stat. 577-587

Railway Labor Act

May 20, 1926

Abolish the Railroad Labor Board and establish the Board of mediation to mediate disputes between railroad employees and employers

69th

44 Stat. 568-576

Air Commerce Act

May 20, 1926

Establish the Air Commerce Bureau within the Department of Commerce with jurisdiction over civil aviation safety

69th

44 Stat. 630-635

Public Buildings Act

May 25, 1926

Authorize construction of Federal buildings, including buildings in D.C.

69th

44 Stat. 1162-1174

Radio Control Act

Feb 23, 1927

Establish the Federal Radio Commission empowered to issue and revoke radio licenses

 

70th Congress (Dec 5, 1927 - Mar 3, 1929): Administration of Calvin Coolidge

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

70th

45 Stat. 534-539

Flood Control Act

May 15, 1928

Authorize appropriations for flood control in the Mississippi River Valley

 

71st Congress Apr 15, 1929 - Mar 3, 1931): Administration of Herbert Hoover

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

71st

46 Stat. 11-19

Agricultural Marketing Act

Jun 15, 1929

Establish the Federal Farm Board to promote the marketing of farm commodities through agricultural cooperatives and stabilization corporations

71st

46 Stat. 590-763

Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act

Jun 17, 1930

Increase duties on imported agricultural products and reorganize the Tariff Commission

71st

46 Stat. 991-1002

Veterans' Administration Act

Jul 3, 1930

Establish the Veterans Administration empowered to administer all Federal veterans programs

71st

46 Stat. 1508

National Anthem

Mar 3, 1931

Designated Francis Scott Key's "The Star-Spangled Banner" as the U.S. national anthem

 

72nd Congress (Dec 7, 1931 - Mar 3, 1933): Administration of Herbert Hoover

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

72nd

47 Stat. 5-12

Reconstruction Finance Corporation Act

Jan 22, 1932

Create the Reconstruction Finance Corp. with authority to issue tax-exempt bonds and to extend credit to provide emergency financing for banking institutions, life insurance companies, farm mortgage associations, building and loan corporations, and other businesses

72nd

47 Stat. 56-57

Glass-Steagall Act of 1932

Feb 27, 1932

Authorize the sale of Government gold to provide for industrial and business needs and provide the Federal Reserve System with more flexibility in discounting commercial paper

72nd

47 Stat. 709-724

Emergency Relief and Construction Act

Jul 21, 1932

Extend the scope and functions of the Reconstruction Finance Corp.

72nd

47 Stat. 725-741

Federal Home Loan Bank Act

Jul 22, 1932

Establish the Home Loan Bank Board and System

 

73rd Congress (Mar 9, 1933 - Jun 18, 1934): Administration of Franklin Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

73rd

48 Stat. 1-7

Emergency Banking Relief Act

Mar 9, 1933

Provide the President with broad discretionary powers over transactions in credit, current, gold, and silver, including foreign exchange; require Federal Reserve Banks to be licensed by Department of Treasury; and prohibit ownership or export of gold

73rd

48 Stat. 8-16

Economy Act

Mar 20, 1933

Reduce Federal employee salaries, reduce veterans benefits, and reorganize Federal agencies to achieve economies

73rd

48 Stat. 16-20

Beer-Wine Revenue Act

Mar 22, 1933

Legalize wine, beer, and ale and levy a tax per barrel

73rd

48 Stat. 22-23

Civilian Conservation Corps

Mar 31, 1933

Establish the Civilian Conservation Corps to create conservation-related jobs for unemployed citizens

73rd

48 Stat. 31-54

Agricultural Adjustment Act

May 12, 1933

Create the Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) control surplus crops to stabilize farm prices..

73rd

48 Stat. 55-58

Federal Emergency Relief Act

May 12, 1933

Create the Federal Emergency Relief Administration to aid State and local programs providing relief to the poor and hungry

73rd

48 Stat. 58-72

Tennessee Valley Authority

May 18, 1933

Establish the Tennessee Valley Authority as an independent public corporation to construct dams and power plants, develop rural electrification plans for flood and erosion control, and build recreation areas in the Tennessee River Valley area

73rd

48 Stat. 74-95

Federal Securities Act

May 27, 1933

Establish requirements for the registration of new issue securities with the Federal trade Commission

73rd

48 Stat. 112-113

Gold Standard Repeal

Jun 5, 1933

Cancel the gold clause in all Federal and private obligations and provide that all contracts and debts be payable in legal tender

73rd

48 Stat. 113-117

National Employment System Act

Jun 6, 1933

Establish a national system of employment services

73rd

48 Stat. 128-135

Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933

Jun 13, 1933

Establish the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation to refinance home mortgage debts for non-farm homeowners

73rd

48 Stat. 162-195

Banking Act of 1933 (Glass-Steagall Act of 1933)

Jun 16, 1933

Established the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. to guarantee individual bank deposits, permit branch banking, provide regulatory separation of deposit banking from investment affiliates, and expand the membership of the Federal Reserve System

73rd

48 Stat. 195-211

National Industrial Recovery Act

Jun 16, 1933

Establish the National Industrial Recovery Administration; to empower the President to prescribe anti-trust-exempt fair trade codes for industries and to make agreements or approve voluntary agreements; to guarantee the right of working men to organize and bargain collectively through representatives; and to create the Public Works Administration empowered to administer the construction of huge public works projects to stimulate the economy

73rd

48 Stat. 337-344

Gold Reserve Act of 1934

Jan 30, 1934

Authorize the President to set limits for the devaluation of the dollar in relation to its gold content and to impound in the Treasury gold stocks held by the Federal reserve Banks

73rd

48 Stat. 344-349

Farm Mortgage Refinancing Act

Jan 31, 1934

Establish the Federal Farm Mortgage Corp. to provide for the refinancing of farm debts on favorable terms

73rd

48 Stat. 456-465

Tydings-McDuffie Philippines Independence Act

Mar 24, 1934

Provide for the independence of the Philippine Islands, contingent upon Philippine adoption of a constitution

73rd

48 Stat. 798-803

Municipal Bankruptcy Act

May 24, 1934

Establish a uniform U.S. system of bankruptcy

73rd

48 Stat. 881-909

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Jun 6, 1934

Establish the Securities and Exchange commission empowered to regulate securities and securities markets

73rd

48 Stat. 984-988

Indian Reorganization Act

Jun 18, 1934

Prohibit further allotment of Indian lands to individuals, and establish programs to encourage reservation life and develop tribal government

73rd

48 Stat. 1064-1105

Communications Act of 1934

Jun 19, 1934

Establish the Federal Communications Commission empowered to regulate telegraph, cable and radio communications

73rd

48 Stat. 1178-1181

Silver Purchase Act of 1934

Jun 19, 1934

Authorize the President to increase the monetary value of the Treasury’s silver holdings

73rd

48 Stat. 1246-1265

National Housing Act

Jun 27, 1934

Create the Federal Housing Administration empowered to insure loans made by banks, trust companies, building and loan associations, and other private lending institutions for new construction, repairs, alterations, and improvements

73rd

48 Stat. 1275-1281

Tobacco Control Act

Jun 28, 1934

Authorize a compulsory production quota system for tobacco planters who did not agree to crop reduction

 

74th Congress (Jan 3, 1935 - Jun 20, 1936): Administration of Franklin Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

74th

 

49 Stat. 163-164

Soil Conservation Act

Apr 27, 1935

Establish the Soil Conservation Service within the Department of Agriculture for the control and prevention of soil erosion

74th

49 Stat. 449-457

Wagner-Connery National Labor Relations Act

Jul 5, 1935

Create a National Labor Relations Board empowered to determine appropriate collective bargaining units subject to elections supervised at the request of workers, to certify the duly chosen trade union, to receive testimony about unfair employer practices, and to issue cease and desist orders.

74th

49 Stat. 543-567

Motor Carrier Act

Aug 9, 1935

Authorize the Interstate Commerce Commission to regulate buses engaged in interstate commerce

74th

49 Stat. 620-648

Social Security Act

Aug 14, 1935

Create the Social Security Board and establish a national system of social insurance, including old-age pensions

74th

49 Stat. 803-863

Wheeler-Rayburn Public Utility Holding Company Act

Aug 26, 1935

Authorize the Federal Power Commission and the Federal Trade Commission to regulate interstate transmission of electric power and gas

74th

49 Stat. 967-974

Wagner-Crosser Railroad Retirement Act

Aug 29, 1935

Establish a retirement system for railroad employees

74th

49 Stat. 1014-1028

Revenue Act of 1935

Aug 30, 1935

Increase income and estate tax rates for wealthier individual and corporate taxpayers

74th

49 Stat. 1081-1085

Neutrality Act

Aug 31, 1935

Prohibit the export of arms, ammunition, and implements of war to belligerent countries

74th

49 Stat. 1807-1877

Virgin Islands Organic Act

Jun 22, 1936

Provide for limited self-government for the Virgin Islands

 

75th Congress (Jan 3, 1937 - Jan 3, 1939): Administration of Franklin Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

75th

50 Stat. 522-533

Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant Act

Jul 22, 1937

Establish a Farm Security Administration to  provide low-interest 40-year mortgages to sharecroppers and others who would ordinarily not be able to afford a farm

75th

50 Stat. 693-694

Miller-Tydings Enabling Act

Aug 17, 1937

Amend Federal antitrust laws to legalize contracts made by producers or distributors for the resale price maintenance of branded nationally advertised goods traded in interstate commerce in States where such contracts, authorized by State laws, were illegal under existing Federal laws

75th

50 Stat. 888-899

Wagner-Steagall National Housing Act

Sep 1, 1937

Create the U.S. Housing Authority within the Department of the Interior, authorized to extend low-interest 60-year loans to local public agencies meeting at least 10 percent of the cost of slum clearance and housing projects, and to grant subsidies for setting rents geared to low-income levels in areas where local agencies provide an amount equal up to 25 percent of the Federal grant

75th

50 Stat. 917-919

Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act (Pittman-Robertson Act)

Sep 2, 1937

Provide Federal aid to States for game and non-game wildlife restoration work, and for the development of comprehensive fish and wildlife management plans

75th

52 Stat. 31-77

Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938

Feb 16, 1938

Authorize Department of Agriculture to fix a marketing quota whenever it was determined that the surplus of any export arm commodity was great enough to threaten the price level, authorize acreage allotments to each grower after two-thirds of the farmers had by referendum expressed their approval of the marketing quota, and authorize the Government to lend money to farmers against surplus crops and to store these crops until they could be sold in a year when production was down and prices up

75th

52 Stat. 401-403

Naval Expansion Act

May 17, 1938

Authorize expansion of the U.S. Navy in order to be able to build a "2-ocean" navy over the ensuing 10 years

75th

52 Stat. 809-821

Work Relief and Public Works Appropriation Act of 1938

Jun 21, 1938

Provide loans and grants for work relief, public building construction projects, and rural electrification

75th

52 Stat. 1040-1059

Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

Jun 25, 1938

Prohibit misbranding of products, and require manufacturers of foods, drugs, and cosmetics to list their ingredients on product labels

75th

52 Stat. 1060-1069

Fair Labor Standards Act

Jun 25, 1938

Establish a minimum wage of 25 cents an hour (which was to gradually increase to 40 cents an hour after seven years), and a maximum work week of 44 hours for the first year and 40 hours thereafter

 

 

76th Congress (Jan 3, 1939 - Jan 3, 1941): Administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

76th

 

53 Stat. 1147-1149

Hatch Act

 

Aug 2, 1939

Prohibit Federal employees from using official authority for the purpose of interfering with or affecting the election or the nomination of any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, Presidential elector, Senator, Representative, and Delegate or Commissioner from Territories or insular possessions; from actively participating in political campaigns; and from soliciting or accepting contributions from work relief employees

76th

54 Stat. 4-12

Neutrality Act of 1939

Nov 4, 1939

Repeal the arms embargo clause of the Neutrality Act of 1937 to allow belligerents to purchase armaments in the U.S. providing they pay cash and used their own ships for transportation

76th

54 Stat. 670-676

Alien Registration Act (Smith Act)

Jun 28, 1940

Require all foreigners to register and be fingerprinted, and make it unlawful to be a member of any organization that advocates the overthrow of the Government by force or violence

76th

 

54 Stat. 885-897

Burke-Wadsworth Selective Service Training Act

Sep 16, 1940

Provide for the registration of all men between 21 and 35 years of age for military service, and provide for their training over a one-year period

 

77th Congress (Jan 3, 1941 - Dec 16, 1942): Administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

77th

 

55 Stat. 31-33

Lend-Lease Act

Mar 11, 1941

Enable any country whose defense the President deems vital to the U.S. to receive arms and other equipment and supplies by sale, transfer, exchange, or lease.

77th

 

55 Stat. 764-765

Repeal of Certain Sections of the Neutrality Act of 1939

Nov 17, 1941

Permit U.S. merchant ships to be armed and carry cargoes to warring nations

77th

 

55 Stat. 795

Declaration of a State of War with Japan

Dec 8, 1941

Declare that a state of war exists between the U.S. and Japan, and authorize the deployment of the naval and military forces of the U.S. and the resources of the Government to carry on the war and bring it to a successful termination

77th

 

55 Stat. 796

 

Declaration of a State of War with Germany

Dec 11, 1941

Declare that a state of war exists between the U.S. and Germany, and authorize the deployment of the naval and military forces of the U.S. and the resources of the Government to carry on the war and bring it to a successful termination

77th

 

55 Stat. 797

Declaration of a State of War With Italy

Dec 11, 1941

Declare that a state of war exists between the U.S. and Italy, and authorize the deployment of the naval and military forces of the U.S. and the resources of the Government to carry on the war and bring it to a successful termination

77th

 

55 Stat. 838-841

First War Powers Act

Dec 18, 1941

Provide the President with authority to redistribute functions, duties, and powers of executive departments, commissions, bureaus, agencies, and governmental corporations, offices, and officers; to enter into contracts without regard to designated provisions of law; and to investigate, regulate, or prohibit any transactions in foreign exchange, coins, or exports

77th

55 Stat. 844-847

New Selective Service Act

Dec 20, 1941

Provide that all men between the ages of 18 and 65 must register, and all men from 20 to 45 be subject to military training and service

77th

 

56 Stat. 23-37

Emergency Price Control Act of 1942

Jan 30, 1942

Establish the Office of Price Administration with power to fix price ceilings on all commodities (except farm products) and to control rents in defense-related areas

77th

56 Stat. 176-187

Second War Powers Act

Mar 27, 1942

Authorize the President to allocate materials and facilities as necessary for U.S. defense, and grant additional powers to several Federal agencies

77th

 

56 Stat. 278-282

Women's Army Auxiliary Corps Act

May 14, 1942

Created the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) for noncombatant service with the Army

77th

 

56 Stat. 1018-1019

Teenage Draft Act

Nov 13, 1942

Make 18- and 19-year old males eligible for the draft

 

78th Congress (Jan 6, 1943 - Dec 19, 1944): Administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

78th

 

57 Stat. 163-169

Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act

Jun 25, 1943

Broaden the President's power to place firms necessary to the war effort under the control of the Government, make it illegal for a union to strike any war industry, require unions in plants not essential to the war effort to observe a 30-day cooling-off period before they call a strike, and outlaw monetary contributions by unions to political campaigns and candidates

78th

58 Stat. 136-149

Soldier Vote Act

Apr 1, 1944

Authorize absentee voting in time of war by members of the armed services

78th

 

58 Stat. 284-301

Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (G.I. Bill)

Jun 22, 1944

Authorize the Veterans Administration to assist veterans of World War II in adjusting to the conditions of civilian life through the provision of academic training, Federal loans, employment programs, and medical assistance

78th

 

 

58 Stat. 765-784

Surplus Property Act of 1944

 

Oct 3, 1944

Establish a three-member board to supervise the disposal of surplus Government property through transfer or sale at fair market value, and assign preferences in acquiring such property to other Federal agencies, State and local governments, nonprofit educational institutions, veterans, and small businesses

78th

 

58 Stat. 785-792

War Mobilization and Reconversion Act

Oct 3, 1944

Centralize responsibility for contract settlement, surplus disposal, and redeployment programs in the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, and authorize interest-free loans or advances to State and local governments to help finance the planning of public works

 

79th Congress (Jan 3, 1945 - Aug 2, 1946): Administrations of Franklin D. Roosevelt &  Harry S. Truman

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

79th

59 Stat. 512-517

Bretton Woods Agreements Act

Jul 31, 1945

Provide for U.S. participation in the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

79th

 

59 Stat. 619-621

United Nations Participation Act of 1945

Dec 20, 1945

Provide for appointment of U.S. representatives to the UN

79th

60 Stat. 23-26

Employment Act of 1946

Feb 20, 1946

Establish the President's Council of Economic Advisers and the Joint Economic Committee

79th

 

60 Stat. 170-180

Federal Airport Act

May 13, 1946

Authorize matching Federal grants to cities and States for construction of airports

79th

60 Stat. 230-234

National School Lunch Act of 1946

Jun 4, 1946

Authorize Federal grants to States for non-profit school lunch programs in public and private schools

79th

 

60 Stat. 535

British Loan Act

Jul 15, 1946

Authorized a loan to assist Great Britain in removing trade and currency exchange restrictions hampering post-war programs for economic reconstruction and trade liberalization

79th

60 Stat. 754-755

Fulbright Scholars Act

Aug 1, 1946

Establish an international educational and cultural exchange program

79th

 

60 Stat. 755-775

Atomic Energy Act

Aug 1, 1946

Transfer control over all aspects of atomic energy development from the War Department to a five-member civilian Atomic Energy Commission appointed by the President to administer research, production, control, and military application of atomic energy

79th

 

60 Stat. 812-852

Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 (includes the Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act)

Aug 2, 1946

Reduce the number of standing committees from 48 to 19 in the House and from 35 to 15 in the Senate, provide for preparation of an annual legislative budget to complement the President's budget, increase the salaries of Senators and Representatives, and require lobbyists to register and report their lobbying expenses

79th

 

60 Stat. 1040-1049

Hospital Survey and Construction Act.

Aug 13, 1946

Authorize a program of matching State and local grants for hospital construction

79th

60 Stat. 1049-1056

Indian Claims Commission Act

 

Aug 13, 1946.

Establish an Indian Claims Commission to consider the claims of those Indian tribes who felt they had received unfair treatment in land transactions with the Federal government.

 

80th Congress (Jan 3, 1947 - Dec 31, 1948): Administration of Harry S. Truman

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

80th

61 Stat. 103-105

Greek-Turkish Aid Act

May 22, 1947

Provide financial and military aid to the governments of Greece and Turkey, both of which were then engaged in defending heavy Soviet encroachments.

80th

61 Stat. 125-128

Foreign Relief Act

May 31, 1947

Provide economic assistance to several countries, including Austria, Hungary, Greece, Italy, Poland, Trieste, and China, damaged by the effects of World War II and the severe winter of 1946-1947

80th

 

61 Stat. 136-162

 

Taft-Hartley Labor-Management Relations Act

Jun 23, 1947

Prohibit closed shops, jurisdictional strikes, and secondary boycotts; provide for a 60-day moratorium before a strike can be called against industries engaged in interstate commerce; require that union finances be made public; prohibit unions from contributing to political campaigns; and prohibit Communists from holding union offices

80th

 

61 Stat. 380-381

Presidential Succession Act

 

Jul 18, 1947

Change the order of succession in the event of the death of the President of the United States, making the Speaker of the House of Representatives and then the President pro tempore of the Senate next in the line of succession to the Presidency after the Vice President

80th

 

61 Stat. 397

Trusteeship Agreement for the Territory of the Pacific Islands

July, 18, 1947

Authorize the President to approve a trusteeship agreement between the U.S. and the UN Security Council, placing Micronesia in the international trustee system

 

80th

 

61 Stat. 495-510

National Security Act.

Jul 26, 1947

Replace the War and Navy Departments with a National Military Establishment consisting of separately administered Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force under the general direction, authority, and control of a Secretary of Defense; designate the Joint Chiefs of Staff as the principal military advisers to the President and the Secretary; and establish the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Security Council

80th

 

62 Stat. 6-14

U.S. Information and Education Exchange Act (Smith-Mundt Act)

Jan 27, 1948

Establish an information service, including the Voice of America within the State Department to disseminate information about the U.S.; and create an educational exchange service to cooperate with other nations in exchanging people, knowledge, and skills

80th

 

62 Stat. 137-159

Economic Cooperation Act of 1948 (Marshall Plan)

Apr 3, 1948

Create a European Recovery Program and establish the Economic Cooperation Administration to provide economic assistance to 16 European countries

 

81st Congress (Feb 3, 1949 - Jan 2, 1951): Administration of Harry S. Truman

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

81st

63 Stat. 413-444

Housing Act of 1949

Jul 15, 1949

Establish a national housing objective and authorize Federal aid for slum-clearance, low-rent public housing projects, and construction of decent, safe, and sanitary farm dwellings

81st

 

63 Stat. 578-592

National Security Act Amendments of 1949

Aug 10, 1949

Rename and reorganize the National Military Defense Establishment to create an executive Department of Defense

81st

 

63 Stat. 714-721

Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1949

Oct 6, 1949

Provide for U.S. participation in NATO, and extend provisions of the Marshall Plan

81st

 

63 Stat. 910-920

Fair Labor Standards Amendments of 1949

Oct 26, 1949

Raise the minimum wage and revise various fair labor standards

81st

 

64 Stat. 149-157

National Science Foundation Act

May 10, 1950

Establish the National Science Foundation, authorized and directed to develop and encourage the pursuit of a national policy for the promotion of scientific research and education of future scientists

81st

 

64 Stat. 198-210

Foreign Economic Assistance Act of 1950

Jun 5, 1950

Authorize various foreign aid programs, including the Point IV program providing for technical assistance and capital investments in less developed countries

81st

 

64 Stat. 384-393

Organic Act of Guam

Aug 1, 1950

Grant U.S. citizenship to the inhabitants of Guam and provide Guam with a system of local self-government

81st

 

64 Stat. 430-443

Federal Aid in Fish Restoration Act (Dingell-Johnson Act)

Aug 9, 1950

Provide Federal aid to States for management and restoration of fish with sport or recreation value in the marine or fresh waters of the U.S.

81st

 

64 Stat. 477-561

Social Security Amendments of 1950

Aug 28, 1950

Extend and improve the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance System and revise the public assistance and child welfare provisions of the Social Security Act.

81st

 

64 Stat. 987-1031

McCarran Internal Security Act of 1950 (including the Subversive Activities Control Act of 1950 and the Emergency detention Act of 1950)

Sep 23, 1950

Establish the Subversive Activities Control Board to rule on petitions of U.S. Attorney General to list organizations believed to be Communist and require that they register with the Justice Department and submit information concerning membership, finances and activities; require registration of Communist and Communist-front organization members; provide for the internment of Communists during national emergencies, and prohibit employment of Communists in national defense work; and prohibit from entry into the U.S. anyone who has been a member of a totalitarian party

 

82nd Congress (Jan 3, 1951 - Jul 7, 1952): Administration of Harry S. Truman

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

82nd

65 Stat. 69-71

India Emergency Food Aid Act

Jun 15, 1951

Authorize the President to provide loans to famine-stricken India for the purchase of U.S. grain

82nd

65 Stat. 644-647

Mutual Defense Assistance Control Act of 1951

Oct 26, 1951

Provide for mandatory termination of aid to any country found to be shipping arms or munitions to Soviet-dominated areas

82nd

66 Stat. 141-151

Mutual Security Act of 1952

Jun 20, 1952

Extend military and economic assistance to non-Communist countries in Near East, Africa, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America.

82nd

66 Stat. 163-282

McCarran-Walter Immigration and Nationality Act

Jun 27, 1952

Continue the national origins quota system, but eliminate the exclusion of Asians; and tighten provisions for the exclusion of aliens believed to be dangerous to the U.S.

82nd

66 Stat. 327-328

Approval of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Jul 3, 1952

Provide for approval of the new constitution drafted by Puerto Rico and elevate the status of the island to the status of a free commonwealth voluntarily associated with the U.S.

82nd

 

66 Stat. 663-691

Veterans Readjustment Assistance Act of 1952 (G.I. Bill of Rights)

Jul 16, 1952

Provide veterans of the Korean War with home, farm, and business loan benefits, mustering out payments, and educational and vocational assistance

82nd

 

66 Stat. 692-710

Federal Coal Mine Safety Act Amendments

Jul 16, 1952

Authorize the Bureau of Mines to order unsafe mines with 15 or more employees that are threatened with imminent disaster from fire, explosion, flooding, or cave-in to shut down until made safe

 

83rd Congress (Jan 3, 1953 - Dec 2, 1954): Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

83rd

 

67 Stat. 631-632

Department of Health, Education, and Welfare

Apr 11, 1953

Establish the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, and include the Social Security Administration, the Office of Education, the Food and Drug Administration, and the Office of Vocational Rehabilitation within the new department

83rd

 

67 Stat. 29-33

 

Submerged Lands ("Tidelands") Act

 

May 22, 1953

Confirm and establish that the U.S. owns the submerged lands in the sea off its borders and the mineral resources of such lands, and confirm the jurisdiction and control of the Federal Government over the natural resources of the seabed beyond the submerged lands as far as the edge of the continental shelf

83rd

67 Stat. 230-240

Small Business Administration Act

Jul 30, 1953

Dissolve the Reconstruction Finance Corp. and establish as a successor organization, the Small Business Administration

83rd

67 Stat. 390-400

Farm Credit Act of 1953

August 6, 1953

Remove the Farm Credit Administration from the Agriculture Department and make it an independent agency, to be governed by a 13-member Farm Credit Board

83rd

67 Stat. 400-407

Refugee Relief Act of 1953

Aug 7, 1953

Authorize the admission to the U.S. of 209,000 refugees not provided for by the regular quotas

83rd

67 Stat. 462-471

Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act

Aug 7, 1953

Provide for U.S. jurisdiction over the submerged lands of the Outer Continental Shelf Lands, and authorize the leasing of such lands by the Department of the Interior

83rd

68 Stat. 92-97

St. Lawrence Seaway Act of 1954

May 13, 1954

Establish, in conjunction with the Government of Canada, the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corp. for the purpose of constructing the St. Lawrence Seaway at the mutual expense and for the mutual use of Canada and the U.S.

83rd

68 Stat. 454-459

Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954

Jul 10, 1954

Provide for the sale of surplus U.S. agricultural commodities to friendly foreign nations

 

83rd

86 Stat. 497-510

Revised Organic Act of the Virgin Islands

Jul 22, 1954

Reorganize the local government of the Virgin Islands

 

83rd

68 Stat. 590-648

Housing Act of 1954

Aug 2, 1954

Authorize the construction of public housing units to serve families displaced by urban development, and revise various housing assistance programs

83rd

68A Stat. 1-928

Internal Revenue Code of 1954

Aug 16, 1954

Revise tax treatment of individuals and businesses

83rd

68 Stat. 775-780

Communist Control Act of 1954

Aug 24, 1954

Outlaw the Communist party in the U.S and prohibit members of Communist organizations from serving in certain representative capacities

83rd

68 Stat. 919-961

Atomic Energy Act of 1954

Aug 30, 1954

Establish incentives to promote private ownership and development of atomic power, and authorize U.S. cooperation with friendly nations in development of peaceful uses of atomic power

 

84th Congress (Jan 5, 1955 - Jul 27, 1956): Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

84th

69 Stat. 7

Formosa and Pescadores Defense Act

Jan 29, 1955.

Authorize the President to employ the Armed Forces of the U.S. to protect Formosa and the Pescadores from a possible Communist Chinese attack

84th

 

69 Stat. 711-712

Fair Labor Standards Act Amendments of 1955

Aug 12, 1955

Raise the minimum wage

 

84th

70 Stat. 105-111

Upper Colorado River Project

Apr 11, 1956

Authorize the Bureau of Reclamation to construct four major dams and 11 small irrigation projects

84th

70 Stat. 188-213

Agricultural Act of 1956

May 28, 1956

Establish a soil bank program to retire land from production to reduce agricultural surpluses, and pay farmers to reduce crop acreage for corn, wheat, peanuts, cotton, tobacco, and rice

84th

70 Stat. 374-402

Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956

Jun 29, 1956

Authorize construction of a 41,000-mile interstate superhighway

84th

 

70 Stat. 498-507

Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1956

Jul 9, 1956

Provide grants to States and localities for pollution control programs

 

85th Congress (Jan 3, 1957 - Aug 24, 1958): Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

85th

 

71 Stat. 5-6

Middle East Resolution

Mar 9, 1957

Authorize the President to cooperate with and assist any nation or group of nations in the Middle East desiring assistance in developing economic and military strength dedicated to the maintenance of national independence and protection against armed aggression from a Communist-dominated country.

85th

 

71 Stat. 453-456

International Atomic Energy Participation Act of 1957

Aug 28, 1957

Provide for the appointment of U.S. representatives in the subsidiary bodies of the International Atomic Energy Agency.

85th

 

71 Stat. 634-638

Civil Rights Act of 1957

Sep 9, 1957

Create the Commission on Civil Rights, establish a Civil Rights Division in the Department of Justice, and empower the Attorney General to seek court injunctions against obstruction and deprivation of voting rights

85th

72 Stat. 89-96

Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1958

Apr 16, 1958

Authorize funding for a Federal road-building program

85th

 

72 Stat. 238-241

Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Act

Jun 28, 1958

Establish the Outdoor Recreation Resources Review Commission to study the current status and needs of outdoor recreation resources

85th

 

72 Stat. 339-352

Admission of the State of Alaska to the Union

Jul 7, 1958

Provide for the formal acceptance of the constitution of the State of Alaska

85th

 

72 Stat. 426-438

National Aeronautic and Space Act of 1958

Jul 29, 1958

Create a new civilian agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, direct scientific activities relating to all non-military aspects of outer space

 

86th Congress (Jan 7, 1959 - Sep 1, 1960): Administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

86th

 

73 Stat. 4-13

Admission of the State of Hawaii to the Union

Mar 18, 1959

Provide for the formal ratification of the Hawaii State constitution

86th

 

73 Stat. 519-546

Landrum-Griffin Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959

Sep 14, 1959

Provide a "Bill of Rights" for union members which includes a guarantee that they will have "equal rights and privileges" to nominate candidates, vote for union officials, participate in union meetings and caucus with other members under "reasonable rules and regulations" established by the union

86th

 

73 Stat. 708-717

Federal Employees Health Benefits Act of 1959

Sep 28, 1959

Establish a prepaid, voluntary health insurance plan for Federal employees and their families

86th

 

74 Stat. 86-92

Civil Rights Act of 1960

May 6, 1960

Authorize Judges to appoint referees empowered to assist persons experiencing opposition in the exercise of their right to vote, and provide criminal penalties for bombing, bomb-threats, and mob action designed to obstruct court orders

86th

 

74 Stat. 215

National Forests Multiple Use-Sustained Yield Act

Jun 12, 1960

Establish a formal policy that the national forests should be administered under the principles of multiple use and sustained yield with the objective of developing five basic resources: outdoor recreation resources, range resources, timber resources, watershed resources, and fish and wildlife resources

 

87th Congress (Jan 3, 1961 - Oct 13, 1962): Administration of John F. Kennedy

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

87th

 

75 Stat. 612-627

Peace Corps Act of 1961

Sep 22, 1961

Grant "permanent legislative authority" to the Peace Corps, established by executive authority in March 1961 to enlist young Americans as technological instructors and helpers in the less-developed countries

87th

75 Stat. 631-639

Arms Control and Disarmament Act

Sep 26, 1981

Establish an independent U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency to conduct research, prepare policy recommendations, conduct disarmament negotiations, and plan for establishment of inspection and control systems.

87th

 

76 Stat. 23-33

Manpower Development and Training Act of 1962

Mar 15, 1962

Authorize a new Federal worker training program to help alleviate unemployment and increase the supply of skilled personnel in certain industries

87th

76 Stat. 172-208

Public Welfare Amendments of 1962

Jul 25, 1962

Broaden welfare aid to those people considered to be the most needy, while undertaking a campaign to reduce the need for aid through programs of rehabilitation, training, and self-care

87th

 

76 Stat. 255-263

Foreign Assistance Act of 1962

Aug 1, 1962

Prohibit aid to Communist nations, countries providing items of strategic value to Cuba, and countries which permit ships under their registry to carry economic aid to Cuba, unless the President determines, among other things, that such aid was vital to U.S. security

87th

 

76 Stat. 419-427

Communications Satellite Act of 1962

Aug 31, 1962

Authorize the President to establish the Communications Satellite Corporation as a private commercial communication system, and to arrange for an initial stock offering

87th

76 Stat. 541-544

Public Works Acceleration Act

Sep 14, 1962

Authorize acceleration of job-creating Federal and local public works projects in areas with long-term high unemployment

87th

76 Stat. 695-696

United Nations Loan

Oct 2, 1962

Authorize a loan to the UN, and provide that the U.S. should use every effort to promote a pattern of UN financing that would avoid future large-scale funding problems

 

88th Congress (Jan 9, 1963 - Oct 3, 1964): Administrations of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

88th

77 Stat. 56-57

Equal Pay Act of 1963

Jun 10, 1963

Provide that no employer subject to the Federal Labor Standards Act may discriminate on the basis of sex in payment of wages for jobs requiring equal skill, effort and responsibility

88th

78 Stat. 19-146

Revenue Act of 1964

Feb 26, 1964

Reduce individual and corporate tax rates

88th

78 Stat. 241-268

Civil Rights Act of 1964

Jul 2, 1964

Expand Federal powers to protect voting rights

88th

 

78 Stat. 302-308

Urban Mass Transportation Act of 1964

Jul 9, 1964

Authorize the Housing and Home Finance Agency to make grants and loans to States and localities for acquiring, constructing and improving facilities and equipment for mass transportation systems owned, operated, leased, or otherwise used by a public transportation authority

88th

 

78 Stat. 384

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

Aug 10, 1964

Declare support for "the determination of the President, as Commander-in-Chief, to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression in Vietnam"

88th

 

78 Stat. 400-435

Government Employees Salary Reform Act of 1964

Aug 14, 1964

Authorize salary increases for Federal employees in legislative, executive, and judicial branches

88th

 

78 Stat. 508-534

Economic Opportunity Act of 1964

Aug 20, 1964

Authorize Office of Economic Opportunity programs to address the multiple causes of poverty, including illiteracy, unemployment and lack of public services

88th

78 Stat. 703-709

Food Stamp Act of 1964

Aug 31, 1964

Establish the food stamp program to provide food assistance to low-income families

88th

78 Stat. 890-896

Wilderness Act of 1964

Sep 3, 1964

Establish a National Wilderness Preservation System for land, water, mineral, and wildlife conservation purposes

 

89th Congress (Jan 4, 1965 - Oct 22, 1966): Administration of Lyndon B. Johnson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

89th

79 Stat. 5-23

Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965

Mar 9, 1965

Authorize development of the economically depressed 12-State Appalachian region

89th

79 Stat. 27-58

Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965

Apr 11, 1965

Authorize elementary and secondary school assistance programs

89th

79 Stat. 218-226

Older Americans Act

Jul 14, 1965

Authorize grant programs to assist the elderly and establish the Administration on Aging within the Department of Health, Education and Welfare

89th

 

79 Stat. 226-236

Drug Abuse Control Amendments of 1965

July15, 1965

Expand Federal control over depressant and stimulant drugs to reduce illegal distribution and use of barbiturates and drugs affecting the central nervous system or producing hallucinogenic effects.

89th

79 Stat. 136-170

Excise Tax Reduction Act of 1965

Jun 21, 1965

Repeal various excise taxes

89th

79 Stat. 286-343; 79 Stat. 343-353

Social Security Amendments of 1965 (Medicare for the Aged and Medicaid for the Medically Needy)

Jul 30, 1965

Establish a hospital insurance program for the elderly, and a medical care program for the indigent

89th

 

79 Stat. 437-446

Voting Rights Act of 1965

Aug 6, 1965

Provide for direct Federal action to enable black Americans to register and vote, prohibit the use of literacy tests or similar voter qualification devices, and establish criminal penalties for interference with voter rights

89th

 

79 Stat. 451-509

Housing and Urban Development Act of 1965

Aug 10, 1965

Authorize various housing and urban development programs, provide rent supplements for low-income families, and provide grants to localities for urban beautification and improvement programs

89th

 

79 Stat. 580-581

President and Vice President Assassination Penalties

Aug 28, 1965

Establish Federal criminal penalties for killing, kidnapping or assaulting the President or any other Federal official

89th

79 Stat. 667-671

Department of Housing and Urban Development Act

Sep 9 1965

Establish a Cabinet level Department of Housing and Urban Development

89th

 

79 Stat. 845-855

National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965

Sep 29, 1965

Establish a National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities consisting of two autonomous subdivisions, a National Endowment for the Arts and a National Endowment for the Humanities

89th

79 Stat. 893-895

High-Speed Ground Transportation Act

Sep 30, 1965

Authorize the Department of Commerce to undertake research, development, and demonstration programs for high-speed ground transportation

89th

 

79 Stat. 903-910

Water Quality Act of 1965

Oct 2, 1965

Require the States to establish and enforce water quality standards for all interstate waters within their boundaries and establish a Federal Water Pollution Control Administration

89th

79 Stat. 1028-1033

Highway Beautification Act of 1965

Oct 22, 1965

Authorize a new program for the scenic development and beautification of the Federal-aid highway system

89th

 

79 Stat. 1219-1270

Higher Education Act of 1965

Nov 8, 1965

Authorize college aid programs for poor and middle-class students, and establish the National Teachers Corps to improve elementary and secondary education in urban and rural areas

89th

 

89.Stat. 250-251

Freedom of Information Act

Jul 4, 1966

Require Federal Government to make available to citizens, upon request, all documents and records except those exempted for various reasons, including national security

89th

80 Stat. 731-737

Highway Safety Act of 1966

Sep 9, 1966

Require that each State establish a highway safety program in accordance with uniform government standards

89th

80 Stat. 830-845

Fair Labor Standards Amendments of 1966

Sep 23, 1966

Broaden Federal minimum wage and overtime pay protection and increase the minimum wage

89th

80 Stat. 926-930

National Wildlife Refuge System Administration Act

Oct 15, 1966

Direct the Department of Interior to take actions to protect endangered species of fish and wildlife

89th

80 Stat. 931-950

Department of Transportation Act

Oct 15, 1966

Establish the Department of Transportation as a Cabinet level department

 

90th Congress (Jan 10, 1967 - Oct 14, 1968): Administration of Lyndon B. Johnson

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

90th

 

81 Stat. 365-373

Public Broadcasting Act of 1967

Nov 7, 1967

Establish a public corporation to provide financial assistance for noncommercial educational television and radio broadcasting

90th

81 Stat. 445-463

Foreign Assistance Act of 1967

Nov 14, 1967

Reduce foreign aid, restrict the President's authority to conduct foreign policy, and prohibit all aid to countries which trade with North Vietnam

90th

81 Stat. 485-507

Air Quality Control Act of 1967

Nov 21, 1967

Expand Federal responsibility for air pollution control, provide for the establishment of Federal interstate air quality planning agencies, and establish the President's Air Quality Advisory Board

90th

81 Stat. 613-648

Postal Revenue and Federal Salary Act of 1967

Dec 16, 1967

Increase postal rates on all classes of mail, increase Federal employee salaries, and provide for automatic future pay increases for Federal employees.

90th

81 Stat. 649-655

Military Pay Bill of 1967

Dec 16, 1967

Increase the monthly pay of servicemen

90th

 

82 Stat. 73-92

Civil Rights Act of 1968

Apr 11, 1968

Prohibit discrimination in the sale or rental housing; and provide criminal penalties for injuring or interfering with an individual's right to vote, to serve on a jury, to participate in government and government-aided programs, to work, to attend school, and to enjoy public accommodations

90th

 

82 Stat. 146-167

Consumer Credit Protection Act (Truth in Lending Act)

May 29, 1968

Require that buyers be told the cost of loans and installment purchase plans in terms of annual rate calculated under certain specified procedures, and the total cost in dollars; and establish a National Commission on Consumer Finance

90th

 

82 Stat. 197-239

Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968

Jun 19, 1968

Establish the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration within the Justice Department to administer grant programs for training, education, research, and demonstration projects; and authorize law enforcement assistance grants

90th

 

82 Stat. 251-274

Revenue and Expenditures Control Act of 1968

Jun 28, 1968

Impose a 10 percent surcharge on personal and corporate income taxes

90th

 

82 Stat. 297-306

Vocational Rehabilitation Amendments of 1968

Jul 7, 1968

Enlarge the scope of vocational education to permit assistance to disadvantaged, as well as physically and mentally handicapped persons

90th

 

82 Stat. 462-474

Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Control Act

Jul 31, 1968

Authorize block grants for prevention of juvenile delinquency and rehabilitation of young offenders

90th

 

82 Stat. 837-842

Virgin Island Elective Governor Act

Aug 23, 1968

Provide for the popular election of the governor and lieutenant governor of the Virgin Islands

90th

82 Stat. 842-843

Guam Elective Governor Act

Sep 11, 1968

Provide for the popular election of the governor and lieutenant governor of Guam

90th

82 Stat. 885-901

Colorado River Basin Project Act

Sep 30, 1968

Authorize the construction, operation, and maintenance of the Central Arizona Project and related water projects on the Colorado River

90th

82 Stat. 906-918

Wild and Scenic Rivers Act

Oct 2, 1968

Establish a National Wild and Scenic Rivers System to preserve outstanding stretches of rivers from incompatible water resource development, pollution, or commercialization

90th

82 Stat. 919-926

National Trails System Act

Oct 2, 1968

Establish a nationwide system of scenic trails, recreational trails, and side trails

90th

 

82 Stat. 1213-1236

Gun Control Act of 1968

Oct 22, 1968

Ban most interstate shipments of long guns to individuals; prohibit individuals with few exceptions from buying guns except in their own States; prohibit sale of rifles, shotguns or ammunition to persons under 18; prohibit sales of handguns or handgun ammunition to persons under 21 years of age; and prohibit importation of foreign-made military surplus firearms

 

91st Congress (Jan 3, 1969 - Jan 2, 1971): Administrations of Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard M. Nixon

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

91st

 

83 Stat. 187-190

Child Protection and Toy Safety Act of 1969

Nov 6, 1969

Provide a one-step regulation process for prohibiting the sale of children's articles and toys which present electrical, mechanical, or thermal hazards

91st

83 Stat. 487-742

Tax Reform Act of 1969

Dec 30, 1969

Revise personal and corporate income tax system

91st

 

83 Stat. 852-856

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969

Jan 1, 1970

Establish Council on Environmental Quality

91st

 

84 Stat. 91-115

Federal Water Quality Improvement Act of 1970

Apr 3, 1970

Establish procedures and liability for clean-up of oil spills, place new controls on vessel discharge of sewage, strengthen restrictions on thermal pollution from nuclear power plants, order development of criteria covering the effect of pesticides in streams, rivers, and other waters, and establish an Office of Environmental Quality

91st

 

84 Stat. 219-253

Airport and Airway Development Act of 1970

May 21, 1970

Provide aid for aviation facilities, and authorize a new program for expansion of airport and airway systems

91st

84 Stat. 466-467

Newspaper Preservation Act

Jul 24, 1970

Exempt from antitrust laws certain combinations and arrangements necessary for the survival of failing newspapers

91st

84 Stat. 719-787

Postal Reorganization Act

Aug 12, 1970

Reorganize the Post Office Department and the U.S. Postal Service into an independent agency, the U.S. Postal Service

91st

84 Stat. 922-962

Organized Crime Control Act

Oct 15, 1970

Strengthen tools to facilitate law enforcement involving organized crime

91st

 

84 Stat. 1140-1204

Legislative Reorganization Act of 1970

Oct 26, 1970

Revise Senate and House committee procedures, and re-designate Legislative Reference Service as Congressional Research Service and redefine its duties

91st

 

84 Stat. 1236-1296

Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970

Oct 27, 1970

Expand programs for drug abuse rehabilitation, treatment and education, and unify and revise Federal narcotics laws

91st

 

84 Stat. 1327-1342

Rail Passenger Service Act of 1970

Oct 30, 1970

Provide financial assistance for establishment of the National Railroad Passenger Corp. as a semipublic corporation

91st

 

84 Stat. 1358-1384

Agriculture Act of 1970

Nov 30, 1970

Establish price support programs for dairy products, wool, wheat, feed grains and cotton

91st

 

84 Stat. 1590-1620

Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970

Dec 29, 1970

Provide Department of Labor with authority to set and enforce safety standards for the protection of workers

91st

 

84 Stat. 1636-1657

Securities Investor Protection Act of 1970

Dec 30, 1970

Establish a private nonprofit Securities Investor Protection Corp. to oversee activities of registered brokers and dealers and members of national securities exchanges, and create an insurance fund to protect investors against certain losses when brokers become insolvent.

91st

 

84 Stat. 1676-1713

Clean Air Amendments of 1970

Dec 31, 1970

Establish specific deadlines for 90 percent reduction of certain pollutants from new automobiles, provide for new research programs, establish national air quality standards, fuel limitations, and standards for new stationary sources of pollution

91st

 

84 Stat. 2086-2089

Reorganization Plan No. 3 of 1970

Dec 2, 1970

Consolidate all major programs to combat pollution in a single independent Environmental Protection Agency

91st

 

84 Stat. 2090-2093

Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1970

Oct 3, 1970

Create a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Commerce Department

 

92nd Congress (Jan 21, 1971 - Oct 18, 1962): Administration of Richard M. Nixon

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

92nd

85 Stat. 178-182

Emergency Loan Guarantee Act

Aug 9, 1971

Authorize a Federal guarantee of up to $250 million in bank loans for the Lockheed Aircraft Corp.

92nd

85 Stat. 688

Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act

Dec 18, 1971

Settle aboriginal claims of Alaskan Indians, Aleut, and Eskimo populations

92nd

 

85 Stat. 743-755

Economic Stabilization Act Amendments of 1971

Dec 22, 1971

Extend the President's authority to control wages, salaries, prices, and rents, and broaden the President's stabilization powers to include control of interest rates, finance charges, and corporate dividends

92nd

 

86 Stat. 3-20

Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971

Feb 7, 1972

Place a ceiling on the amount of money a candidate for President, Vice President, the House, or the Senate may spend for radio and television time and other forms of political advertising, and require full disclosure of campaign contributions and expenditures; and restrict candidates to a maximum of 10 cents per eligible voter, or $50,000, whichever is greater, for all forms of media advertising

92nd

 

86 Stat. 1052-1063

Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972

Oct, 23, 1972

Ban unregulated dumping of waste materials into the oceans and coastal waters, and ban ocean dumping under any circumstances of radiological, chemical or biological warfare agents or high-level radioactive water

92nd

 

80 Stat. 1207-1233

Consumer Product Safety Act

Oct 27, 1972

Create an independent Consumer Product Safety Commission authorized to set standards for a wide variety of consumer products

92nd

86 Stat. 1234-1250

Noise Control Act of 1972

Oct 27, 1972

Authorize the Federal Government to set standards limiting certain commercial sources of noise

92nd

 

86 Stat. 1280-1289

Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972

Oct 27, 1972

Establish a national program for the management and protection of U.S. coastal waters and adjacent shoreline

 

93rd Congress (Jan 3, 1973 - Dec 20, 1974): Administrations of Richard M. Nixon and Gerald R. Ford

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

93rd

87 Stat. 555-560

War Powers Resolution

Nov 7, 1973

Limit the President's powers to commit U.S. forces abroad without congressional approval

93rd

 

87 Stat. 584-588

Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act

Nov 16, 1973

Direct the Department of Interior to authorize the construction of a 789-mile pipeline connecting the North Shore of Alaska with the port of Valdes

93rd

 

87 Stat. 884-903

Endangered Species Act of 1973

Dec 28, 1973

Extend Federal authority to species "threatened" with extinction, in addition to those in immediate danger of becoming extinct

93rd

88 Stat. 55-76

Fair Labor Standard Amendments of 1974

Apr 8, 1974

Increase the hourly minimum wage

93rd

 

88 Stat. 297-339

Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974

Jul 12, 1974

Establish House and Senate Budget Committees to study the President's budget and recommend changes in fiscal policy and spending priorities, create a Congressional Budget Office to assist the Budget Committees in studying budget information; and define procedures to provide for more congressional control over the impoundment of funds by the executive branch

93rd

 

88 Stat. 378-390

Legal Services Corporation Act of 1974

Jul 25, 1974

Transfer the legal services program from the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) to an independent Legal Services Corp., authorized to provide legal assistance to the poor in non-criminal proceedings

93rd

 

88 Stat. 829-1035

Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974

Sep 2, 1974

Establish minimum Federal standards for private pension plans

93rd

 

88 Stat. 1233-1254

Energy Reorganization Act of 1974

Oct 11, 1974

Create a new Energy Research and Development Administration to direct Federal research into the better use of existing fuels and the development of new sources of energy

93rd

 

88 Stat. 1845-1855

Emergency Jobs and Unemployment Assistance Act of 1974

Dec 31, 1974

Establish an emergency program of public service jobs in State and local governments and provide unemployment insurance coverage to nearly 12 million persons not otherwise eligible

93rd

 

88 Stat. 1869-1872

Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974

Dec 31, 1974

Authorize an extra 13 weeks of unemployment compensation for workers who exhaust their unemployment benefits

93rd

 

88 Stat. 1978-2076

Trade Act of 1974

Jan 3, 1975

Provide the President with broad authority to enter into trade agreements with other countries for the purpose of harmonizing, reducing or eliminating tariff and non-tariff trade barriers

 

94th Congress (Jan 14, 1975 - Oct 1, 1976): Administration of Gerald R. Ford

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

94th

89 Stat. 26-67

Tax Reduction Act of 1975

Mar 29, 1975

Reduce individual and corporate taxes

94th

 

89 Stat. 89

Cambodian and Vietnamese Refugees Special Assistance Appropriation

May 23, 1975

Appropriated funds for the resettlement of refugees from Cambodia and Vietnam.

94th

 

89 Stat. 773-796

Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975

Nov 29, 1975

Require States to provide a free, adequate education to all handicapped children

94th

89 Stat. 871-969

Energy Policy and Conservation Act

Dec 22, 1975

Establish a national energy policy designed to maximize domestic production of energy and provide for strategic storage reserves of oil and petroleum products; minimize the impact of disruptions in energy supplies by providing for emergency standby measures; provide for a level of domestic oil prices which would both encourage production and not impede economic recovery; and reduce domestic energy consumption through voluntary and mandatory energy conservation plans.

94th

89 Stat. 1007-1012

Metric Conversion Act of 1975

Dec 23, 1975

Establish a national policy of U.S. metric conversion and a 17-member U.S. Metric Conversion Board to assist and coordinate the voluntary conversion to the metric system of weights and measurement in the U.S.

94th

 

90 Stat. 251-255

Equal Credit Opportunity Act Amendments of 1976

Mar 23, 1976

Prohibit credit discrimination on the basis of age, race, color, religion or national origin

94th

 

90 Stat. 263-279

Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Political Union with the U.S.

Mar 24, 1976

Grant commonwealth status to the Northern Mariana Islands in the Pacific

94th

 

90 Stat. 331-361

Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976

Apr 13, 1976

Extend existing 12-mile exclusive U.S. fishing zone off the Nation's coasts to 200 miles

94th

 

90 Stat. 459-473

National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976

May 11, 1976

Establish an Office of Science and Technology Policy in the Executive Office of the President

94th

 

90 Stat. 729-769

International Security Assistance and Arms Export Control Act of 1976

Jun 30, 1976

Authorize congressional oversight of commercial sales of major U.S. military weapons and equipment abroad

94th

 

90 Stat. 1013-1033

Coastal Zone Management Act Amendments of 1976

Jul 26, 1976

Authorize Federal aid to coastal cities, to assist them in dealing with the effects of offshore gas and oil development

94th

 

90 Stat. 1125-1169

Energy Conservation and Production Act

Aug 14, 1976

Establish energy conservation standards for new buildings, a low-income family weatherization program, a loan guarantee program for commercial and industrial buildings, and a financial incentive experimentation program for existing residential buildings

94th

90 Stat. 1241-1248

Government in the Sunshine Act

Sep 13, 1976

Open the meetings of collegial or multi-member Government agencies to public scrutiny "where such deliberations determine or result in the joint conduct or disposition of official agency business"

94th

90 Stat. 1520-1933.

Tax Reform Act of 1976

Oct 4, 1976

Revise various tax laws

94th

90 Stat. 2541-2602

Copyright Law Revision of 1976

Oct 19, 1976

Provide for a general revision of copyright law

94th

 

90 Stat. 2662-2666

Payment in Lieu of Taxes Act

Oct 20, 1976

Provide for annual Federal payments to local governments to compensate for tax revenues lost because of tax-exempt Federal lands within their boundaries

94th

 

90 Stat. 2949-2963

National Forest Management Act of 1976

Oct 22, 1976

Give congressional sanction to the practice of clear-cutting in national forests under Federal guidelines and revise Federal forest management policy

 

95th Congress (Jan 4, 1977 - Oct 15, 1978): Administrations of Gerald R. Ford and James E. Carter

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

95th

 

91 Stat. 126-168

Tax Reduction and Simplification Act of 1977

May 23, 1977

Revise various tax laws

95th

 

91 Stat. 445-532

Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977

Aug 3, 1977

Establish an Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement within the Interior Department

95th

 

91 Stat. 565-613

Department of Energy Organization Act

Aug 4, 1977

Establish a Cabinet level Department of Energy and transfer all the functions of the Federal Energy Administration, the Energy Research and Development Administration, and the Federal Power Commission to the new department

95th

 

91 Stat. 1223-1225

Indochinese Refugees. Permanent Residence Status, Adjustment and Refugee Assistance Extension

Oct 28, 1977

Provide an opportunity for Indochinese refugees who fled to the U.S. after the Communist takeover of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia and resided here for two years to apply for permanent resident alien status, the prelude to naturalized citizenship

95th

91 Stat. 1245-1253

Fair Labor Standards Amendments of 1977

Nov 1, 1977

Raise the Federal minimum wage rate

95th

 

92 Stat. 189-193

Age Discrimination in Employment Act Amendments of 1978

Apr 6, 1978

Raise the permissible mandatory retirement age for most non-Federal workers from 65 to 70

95th

 

92 Stat. 819-842

Federal Pesticide Act of 1978

Sep 30, 1978

Authorize Environmental Protection Agency to simplify registration of pesticides, and provide the public with access to information about the effect of a pesticide on human health and environment.

95th

 

92 Stat. 1111-1227

Civil Service Reform Act of 1978

Oct 13, 1978

Reorganize the Civil Service Commission to create a Senior Executive Service for top Federal employees, a merit pay system for middle-level management, increased management flexibility in firing incompetent employees, and statutory labor rights for Federal workers

95th

 

92 Stat. 1471-1493

Port and Tanker Safety Act of 1978

Oct 17, 1978

Authorize the Secretary of Transportation to require each vessel operating in U.S. waters to have a federally licensed pilot, and bar vessels carrying oil or other hazardous material from operating in U.S. waters or transferring cargo in any U.S port unless they meet certain requirements

95th

 

 

92 Stat. 1685-1692

Agricultural Trade Act of 1978

Oct 21, 1978

Authorize Department of Agriculture to establish U.S. Agricultural Trade Offices abroad with the sole responsibility of expanding the export of U.S. commodities, and to establish a new restricted immediate-term credit program to facilitate increased exports of U.S. agricultural commodities

95th

 

92 Stat. 1696-1702

Inland Waterways Revenue Act of 1978

Oct 21, 1980

Levy a diesel fuel charge on freight traffic along the U.S. navigable inland waterway system

95th

 

92 Stat. 1705-1754

Airline Deregulation Act of 1978

Oct 24, 1978

Establish procedures to encourage, develop, and attain an air transportation system that relies on competitive market forces

95th

 

92 Stat. 1824-1885

Ethics in Government Act of 1978

Oct 26, 1978

Codify financial disclosure provisions of new ethic codes adopted by the House and the Senate, and apply the same disclosure requirements to the President, Vice President, Supreme Court justices and top-level employees of both the executive and judicial branch

95th

 

92 Stat. 1887-1908

Humphrey-Hawkins Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act of 1978

Oct 27, 1978

Declare a national policy of promoting full employment, increased real income, balanced growth, a balanced budget, growth in productivity, an improved balance of trade, and price stability; and provide for coordination of economic policy-making to promote the goals of reducing inflation and unemployment

95th

 

92 Stat. 2076-2077

Pregnancy, Sex Discrimination Prohibition Act of 1978

Oct 31, 1978

Prohibit employment discrimination on the basis of pregnancy and require disability and health insurance plans to cover pregnant workers

95th

 

92 Stat. 2078-2079

Nonvoting Delegate to the House of Representative from American Samoa

Oct 31, 1978

Provide for the election of a nonvoting delegate to the House of Representatives from American Samoa

95th

 

92 Stat. 2497-2511

Veterans' and Survivors' Pension Improvement Act

Nov 4, 1978

Provide a fifty percent increase in the maximum pension paid indigent war veterans who were not disabled as a result of military service, guarantee veterans a minimum annual income, and establish a new program of improved pension benefits for needy surviving spouses of wartime veterans

95th

 

92 Stat. 2523-2528

Presidential Records Act of 1978

Nov 4, 1978

Provide that most Presidential records become public property at the end of the President's term in office

95th

 

92 Stat. 3117-3173

Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978

Nov 9, 1978

Require State utility commissions and other regulatory agencies to consider the use of energy-saving methods, such as pricing electricity lower in off-peak hours to avoid heavy loads in the middle of the day and to discontinue discounts for large volume users

95th

 

92 Stat. 3174-3205

Energy Tax Act of 1978

Nov 9, 1978

Establish tax credits for homeowner expenditures related to installation of insulation and other energy-conserving improvements; establish an investment tax credit available to businesses installing specific types of energy conservation equipment; and establish tax incentives for companies producing synthetic fuels from coal or other resources

95th

 

92 Stat. 3289-3349

Power Plant and Industrial Fuel Use Act of 1978

Nov 9, 1978

Require that new industrial and utility plants be built to use coal or a fuel other than oil or gas, and that existing utility plants using oil or gas convert to other fuels by 1990

 

96th Congress (Jan 15, 1979 - Dec 16, 1980): Administration of James E. Carter

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

96th

93 Stat. 14-21

Taiwan Relations Act

Apr 10, 1979

Pledge continued arm sales to the Taiwan Government and provide that the U.S. will take action in the event of an attack on Taiwan

96th

93 Stat. 144-317

Trade Agreements Act of 1979

Jul 26, 1979

Establish a new, detailed, and substantially faster procedure for resolving complaints considered under U.S. countervailing duty law, which was designed to protect domestic industry against foreign Government subsidies on imported goods

96th

93 Stat. 452-500

Panama Canal Act of 1979

Sep 27, 1979

Establish the Panama Canal Commission to operate and maintain the Panama Canal through 1999, when Panama would assume complete control of the waterway

96th

93 Stat. 668-696

Education Organization Act

Oct 17, 1979

Consolidate 152 education-related programs in a new Cabinet level Department of Education

96th

93 Stat. 695

Department of Health. Education, and Welfare Redesignation as the Department of Health and Human Services

Oct 17, 1979

Provide that all references to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare in any law, rule, regulation, certificate, directive, instruction, or other official paper in force be deemed to refer and apply to the Department of Health and Human Services, except to the extent such functions were transferred to the Department of Education

96th

93 Stat. 89-93

International Security Assistance Act of 1979

Jul 20, 1979

Authorize the President to provide Israel with military aid and Egypt with military and economic aid

96th

96 Stat. 954-980

Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1980 (Appropriations for Synthetic Fuel Programs)

Nov 7, 1979

Create the Energy Security Reserve to expedite domestic development and production of alternative fuels to reduce dependence on foreign supplies of energy resources

96th

93 Stat. 1291-1294

Meat Import Act of 1979

Dec 31, 1979

Provide for a counter-cyclical formula for meat imports, permitting them to increase when domestic supplies are low and prices relatively high, and to increase when domestic supplies are plentiful and prices relatively lower

96th

93 Stat. 1324-1337

Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act of 1979

Jan 7, 1980

Establish a loan guarantee board to administer loan guarantees to the Chrysler Corp.

96th

94 Stat. 102-118

Refugee Act of 1980

Mar 17, 1980

Establish new procedures for admitting and resettling refugees, and create the Office of U.S. Coordinator for Refugee Affairs

96th

94 Stat. 132-193

Depository Institutions Deregulation and Monetary Control Act of 1980

Mar 31, 1980

Enact as separate titles the Monetary Control Act of 1980, the Depository Institutions Deregulation Act of 1980, and the Consumer Checking Account Equity Act of 1980, as well as provisions relating to the powers of thrift institutions, State usury laws, truth in lending, and foreign control of U.S financial institutions

96th

94 Stat. 229-308

Crude Oil Windfall Profits Tax Act of 1980

Apr 2, 1980

Levy a tax on "windfall profits" received by U.S. oil companies as a result of President Carter's April 1979 decision to end gradually oil price controls

96th

96 Stat. 336-337

International Sugar Agreement 1977 Implementation

Apr 22, 1980

Authorize the U.S. to become a fully participating member of the International Sugar Agreement which was designed to stabilize world sugar prices by establishing a system of export quotas and stockpiles among the fifty sugar exporting and importing member nations

96th

94 Stat. 422-424

Special Central American Assistance Act of 1980

May 31, 1980

Authorize assistance under the Economic Support Fund for the Central American countries of Nicaragua and Honduras

96th

94 Stat. 487-498

Asbestos School Hazard Detection and Control Act of 1980

Jun 14, 1980

Establish a program for the inspection of schools to detect the presence of hazardous asbestos materials; and authorize grants to help schools find potentially dangerous asbestos, and interest-free loans to help them cover it up or replace with other suitable building materials

96th

94 Stat. 500-535

Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980

Jun 17, 1980

Establish an adoption assistance program for children with "special needs" who were eligible for the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, AFDC foster care program, or social security

96th

94 Stat. 611-779

Energy Security Act

Jun 30, 1980

Establish a Synthetic Fuels Corp. to provide loan guarantees, purchase guarantees, and guaranteed prices to develop synthetic fuels

96th

94 Stat. 941-946

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Research, Development, and Demonstration Act

Jul 17, 1980

Provide for an accelerated research and development program by the Department of Energy to achieve early application of ocean thermal energy conversion systems

96th

94 Stat. 974-1000

Ocean Thermal Energy Conservation Act of 1980

Aug 3, 1980

Establish legal framework to govern the operation of ocean thermal energy conversion plants on the high seas, and provide that licenses and permits be handled by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

96th

94 Stat. 1139-1147

Wind Energy Systems Act of 1980

Sep 8, 1980

Authorize programs to accelerate the development of wind energy systems

96th

94 Stat. 1198-1206

National Aquaculture Act of 1980

Sep 26, 1980

Establish programs to facilitate the development of aquaculture

96th

94 Stat. 1208-1311

Multiemployer Pension Plan Amendments Act of 1980

Sep 26, 1980

Strengthen funding requirements for private multiemployer pension plans and revise pension plan termination rules in order to strengthen retiree income security

96th

94 Stat. 1564-1613

Mental Health Services Act

Oct 7, 1980

Revise Federal mental health assistance programs to target the bulk of Federal aid to the elderly, severely disturbed children and adolescents, and the chronically mentally ill

96th

94 Stat. 1879-1883

Privacy Protection Act of 1980

Oct 13, 1980

Restrict ability of Federal, State, and local law enforcement officers from using warrants to search newsrooms and other organizations engaged in First Amendment activities

96th

94 Stat. 1895-1966

Staggers Rail Act of 198

Oct 14, 1980

Establish a national policy aimed at minimizing regulation of the Nation's railroads and, to the extent possible, allowing competition and the demand for services to establish railroad rates

96th

94 Stat. 2071-2170

Foreign Service Act of 1980

Oct 17, 1980

Reorganize and consolidate the various components of the Foreign Service to create more uniform statutory terms and conditions of Foreign Service employment

96th

94 Stat. 2311-2320

Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980

Oct 21, 1980

Authorize appropriations for programs to improve the Nation's industrial technology

96th

94 Stat. 2371-2551

Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act

Dec 2, 1980

Establish Alaska conservation units that impose varying degrees of restrictions on the exploration of oil and timber, and set aside lands for national parks, monuments, wildlife refuges, and wilderness areas

96th

94 Stat. 2767-2811

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980

Dec 11, 1980

Establish an emergency "superfund," to clean up toxic contaminants spilled or dumped into the environment

96th

94 Stat. 2812-2826

Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980

Dec 11, 1980

Establish policies to reduce paperwork and enhance the economy and efficiency of the Federal Government and the private sector

96th

94 Stat. 3015-3029

Patent and Trademark Laws, Amendments

Dec 12, 1980

Revise patent and trademark laws relating to federally funded inventions and simplify procedures for handling certain patent disputes

 

97th Congress (Jan 15, 1981 - Dec 23, 1982): Administrations of James E. Carter and Ronald W. Reagan

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

97th

96 Stat. 1469-1548

Garn-St. Germaine Depository Institutions Act of 1982

Oct 15, 1982

Revise regulation of home mortgage lending institutions to strengthen lending institution stability and ensure the continuing availability of home mortgage loans

97th

96 Stat. 2201-2263

Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982

Jan 7, 1983

Establishes a Department of Energy program for construction of permanent repositories generated by nonmilitary nuclear activities

 

98th Congress (Jan 3, 1983 - Oct 12, 1984): Administrations of Ronald W. Reagan

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

98th

98 Stat. 67-91

Shipping Act of 1984

Mar 20, 1984

Exempt from antitrust laws certain agreements of conferences among ocean common carriers and marine terminal operators

98th

98 Stat. 204-206

Child Protection Act of 1984

May 21, 1984

Increases penalties and clarifies punishable offenses to expand law enforcement response to sexual exploitation of children

98th

98 Stat. 333-392

Bankruptcy Amendments and Federal Judgeship Act of 1984

Jul 10, 1984

Revise bankruptcy laws and establish additional circuit and district judgeships

98th

 

98 Stat. 494-1210

Deficit Reduction Act of 1984 (including the Tax Reform Act of 1984 and the Spending Reduction Act of 1984)

Jul 18, 1984

Revise Federal income, excise, estate, and gift tax laws; and provide for various spending reduction in order to reduce the budget deficit

98th

98 Stat. 1267-1304

Education for Economic Security Act

Aug 11, 1984

Establish programs to improve elementary, secondary, and post-secondary education in mathematics and science

98th

 

98 Stat. 2725-2734

Veterans’ Dioxin and Radiation Exposure Compensation Standards Act

Oct 24, 1984

Require Veterans Affairs Administration to prescribe regulations to determine service connection of certain disabilities of veterans who were exposed to dioxin while serving in U.S. military forces in Vietnam

98th

 

98 Stat. 2779-2806

Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984

Oct 30, 1984

Provide for Federal, State, and local regulation of cable TV

 

99th Congress (Jan 3, 1985 - Oct 18, 1986): Administration of Ronald W. Reagan

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

99th

99 Stat. 1770-1841

Compact of Free Association Act of 1985

Jan 14, 1986

Approve the Compact of Free Association providing for new political arrangements between the U.S. and the Federal states of Micronesia and the U.S. and between the Republic of the Marshall Islands

99th

100 Stat. 853-901

Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of 1986

Aug 27, 1986

Restructure Department of State security program for diplomatic missions abroad and foreign missions in the U.S., and establishes various programs to prevent or combat international terrorism

99th

100 Stat. 1086-1116

Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986

Oct 2, 1986

Restrict various financial interactions with South Africa with the policy objective of bringing an end to apartheid

99th

100 Stat. 2085-2963

Tax Reform Act of 1986

Oct 22, 1986

Provide for comprehensive revision of the individual and corporate income tax system

 

100th Congress (Jan 6, 1987 - Oct 22, 1988): Administration of Ronald W. Reagan

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

100th

102 Stat. 1107-1574

Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988

Aug 23, 1988

Establish various programs and policies to improve U.S. trade international competitiveness

100th

102 Stat. 1851

U.S.-Canada Free-Trade Agreement Implementation Act of 1988

Sep 28, 1988

Provides approval and establishes conditions for a free trade agreement with Canada

100th

102 Stat. 2623-2634

Defense Authorization Amendments and Base Closure and Realignment Act

Oct 24, 1988

Establish procedures and funding to facilitate Department of Defense closure of military installations based on recommendations of the Commission on Base Realignment and Closure

100th

102 Stat. 4181-4545

Anti-Drug Abuse Act

Nov 18, 1988

Establish policies and programs to prevent manufacturing, distribution, and use of illegal drugs

 

101st Congress (Jan 3, 1989 - Oct 28, 1990): Administrations of Ronald W. Reagan and George H. W. Bush

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

101st

103 Stat. 157-159

Natural Gas Wellhead Decontrol Act of 1989

Jul 26, 1989

Eliminate wellhead prove and non-price controls on the first sale of natural gas

101st

103 Stat. 183-553

Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989

Aug 9, 1989

Revise regulation of Federal deposit insurance system and provide for resu8lt5ion of failed and failing federally insured savings and loan association

101st

103 Stat. 1716-1783

Ethics Reform Act of 1989

Nov 30, 1989

Provide for Government-wide ethics reform

101st

103 Stat. 484-575

Oil Pollution Act of 1990

Aug 18, 1990

Establish limitations on liability for damages resulting from oil pollution and establish a fund for the payment of compensation for damages

101st

104 Stat. 920-926

Radiation Exposure Compensation Act

Oct 15, 1990

Establish procedures for claims for injuries due to exposure to radiation from nuclear testing

101st

104 Stat. 963-977

Market Reform Act of 1990

Oct 16, 1990

Strengthen regulation of U.S. securities markets

101st

104 Stat. 2353-2367

Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990

Nov 8, 1990

Require nutritional content labeling for foods

101st

104 Stat. 2399-2712

Clean Air Act Amendments

Nov 15, 1990

Provide for attainment of national ambient air quality standards

101st

104 Stat. 4079-4425

Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act

Nov 28, 1990

Authorize home ownership and other affordable housing programs

 

102nd Congress (Jan 3, 1991 - Oct 9, 1992): Administration of George H. W. Bush

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

102nd

105 Stat. 3-4

Authorization for Use of Military Fore Against Iraq Resolution

Jan 14, 1991

Authorize the President to use U.S. military forces to implement UN Security Council resolutions regarding Iraq’s invasion and occupation of Kuwait

102nd

105 Stat. 1594-1604

High-Performance Computing Act of 1991

Dec 9, 1991

Provide for a coordinated program to ensure U.S. leadership in high-performance computing

102nd

106 Stat. 2776-3133

Energy Policy Act of 1992

Oct 24, 1992

Establish programs and policies to improve energy efficiency

102nd

106 Stat. 3320-3362

Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets support Act of 1992 (FREEDOM Support Act)

Oct 24, 1992

Establish programs and policies to support freedom and open markets in the independent states of the former Soviet Union

 

103rd Congress (Jan 5, 1993 - Dec 1, 1994): Administrations of George H. W. Bush and William J. Clinton

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

103rd

107 Stat. 6-29

Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993

Feb 5, 1993

Entitle eligible private sector and government employees to up to 12 weeks of unpaid medical leave for a serious health condition, childbirth, adoption or care of seriously ill children, spouses, or parents

103rd

107 Stat. 1309-1311

Middle East peace Facilitation Act of 1993

Oct 28, 1993

Authorize the President to suspend restrictions regarding the Palestine Liberation Organization

103rd

107 Stat. 1536-1546

Handgun Control, Multiple Firearm Purchases, and Federal Firearms License Reform, including the Brady handgun Violence Prevention Act

Nov 30, 1993

Provide for a waiting period before the purchase of a handgun and for the establishment of a national instant criminal background check system for firearm transfers

103rd

107 Stat. 2057-2225

North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act

Dec 8, 1993

Approve and establish conditions for North American free Trade agreement between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico

103rd

108 Stat. 4809-5053

Uruguay Round Agreements Act

Dec 8, 1994

Approve and implement trade agreements concluded in the Uruguay round of multilateral trade negotiations

 

104th Congress (Jan 4, 1995 - Oct 4, 1996): Administration of William J. Clinton

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

104th

109 Stat. 48-71

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995

Mar 22, 1995

End imposition of Federal mandates on state, local, and tribal governments without adequate funding

104th

110 Stat. 56-161

Telecommunications Act of 1996

Feb 8, 1996

Revise telecommunication laws to promote competition, reduce regulation, benefit consumers, and facilitate the deployment of new telecommunication technologies

104th

110 Stat. 1489-1538

Food Quality Protection Act

Aug 3, 1996

Revise Federal regulation of pesticides

104th

110 Stat. 1936-2103

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996

Aug 21, 1996

Improve portability and continuity of health insurance coverage in group and individual markets

104th

110 Stat. 2105-

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996

Aug 22, 1996

Provide for comprehensive reform of the welfare system

 

105th Congress (Jan 7, 1997 - Oct 4, 1998): Administration of William J. Clinton

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

105th

111 Stat. 251-787

Balanced Budget Act of 1997

Aug 5, 1997

Amend numerous acts to reduce outlays and increase revenues to meet previously established budget reconciliation directives

105th

111 Stat. 788-1103

Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997

Aug 5, 1997

Revise various tax laws

105th

112 Stat. 107-509

Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century

Jun 9, 1998

Revise highway, mass transit, safety and other surface transportation programs

105th

112 Stat. 936-1247

Workforce Investment Act of 1998

Aug 7, 1998

Consolidate, coordinate, and improve employment, training, literacy, and vocational rehabilitation programs

 

106th Congress (Jan 6, 1999 - Dec 15, 2000): Administration of William J. Clinton

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

106th

113 Stat. 1338-1481

Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act

Nov 12, 1999

Revise regulation of financial service industry to facilitate affiliation among banks, securities firms, and insurance companies

106th

113 Stat. 1860-1951

Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act

Dec 17, 1999

Establish programs and policies to facilitate employment and eliminate disincentives to work among disabled recipients of social security disability insurance and supplemental security income programs

 

107th Congress (Jan 3, 2001 - Nov 22, 2002): Administrations of William J. Clinton and George W. Bush

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

107th

115 Stat. 38-150

Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2001

Jun 7, 2001

Reduce tax burden on individuals and provide for a phased-in repeal of estate and gift taxes

107th

115 Stat. 272-402

Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism (USA PATRIOT Act) Act of 2001

Oct 26, 201

Revise law enforcement authorities to facilitate counter-terrorism efforts

107th

115 Stat. 1425-2094

No Child Left Behind Act

Jan 8, 2002

Revises various elementary and secondary education programs and requires States to establish statewide academic accountability standards and examine student achievement through annual testing

107th

116 Stat. 81-116

Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002

Mar 27, 2002

Revise financing regulation for Federal election campaigns

107th

116 Stat. 745

Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

Jul 30, 2002

Revise laws governing accuracy and reliability of corporate disclosures made pursuant to Federal securities laws

107th

116 Stat. 1498-1502

Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002

Oct 16, 2002

Authorize the force of U.S. military forces against Iraq

107th

116 Stat. 2135

Homeland Security Act of 2002

Nov 25, 2002

Establish the Department of Homeland Security consolidating various Federal agencies with responsibilities for preventing, protecting against and responding to terrorist threats

 

108th Congress (Jan 7, 2003 - Dec 9, 2004): Administration of George W. Bush

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

108th

117 Stat. 2066-2480

Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

Dec 8, 2003

Revise Medicare programs and establish an outpatient prescription drug benefit for Medicare beneficiaries

108th

118 Stat. 1418-1660

American Jobs Creation Act of 2004

Oct 22, 2004

Revise tax laws to facilitate competitiveness of manufacturing, service, and high- technology businesses and workers

108th

118 Stat. 2260-2293

Justice for All Act of 2004

Oct 30, 2004

Codify crime victim statutory rights and establish programs to facilitate the use of DNA evidence

108th

118 Stat. 3638-3872

Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004

Dec 17, 2004

Restructure the intelligence community and intelligence programs to improve ability of U.S. to respond to terrorism threats

 

109th Congress (Jan 3, 2005 - Jan 3, 2007): Administration of George W. Bush

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

109th

119 Stat. 23-217

Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005

Apr 20, 2005

Revise bankruptcy laws applicable to individual and commercial debtors

109th

119 Stat. 594-1143

Energy Policy Act of 2005

Aug 8, 2005

Revise ene4gy policies and programs to promote increased energy conservation and the security of energy supplies

109th

119 Stat. 2095-2103

Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act

Oct 26, 2005

Prohibit certain civil liability actions in Federal or State courts against licensed firearms or ammunitions manufacturers, sellers, or trade associations for damages resulting from unlawful third party use of a firearm or ammunition product

 

110th Congress (Jan 3, 2007 - Jan 3, 2009): Administration of George W. Bush

 

Congress

Statute at Large

Act Name or Characterization

Date Approved

Act Purpose

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



[*] The majority of information for this chart was obtained from CRS Report No. 82-156 GOV, Major Acts of Congress and Treaties Approved by the Senate, 1789-1980, Sept. 1982.