To Access Congressional Hearings
Additional Information and Research Strategies
Temporary Hearings Records
Transcripts of Hearings
Published hearings are the official record of committee hearings proceedings. Hearings, which are usually open to the public, are held to enable committees to gather opinions and information to help Members make decisions regarding proposed legislation or to help them fulfill their oversight and investigation responsibilities.
Official hearings publications, which are printed by the Government Printing Office (GPO), usually include:
Written and oral statements of witnesses
Transcripts of the verbal question-and-answer session between the committee and witnesses
Reports, exhibits, and other materials submitted for the record by witnesses
Correspondence and other materials submitted by interested parties
Most hearings are published from six months to a year after the hearing is held, but some hearings are published following a gap of two or more years. The timing of the publication depends solely on the schedule of the individual committee.
In 1983 (98th Congress) the Senate adopted a numbering system for hearings that is still used today, but the House does not have a numbering system for hearings. Transcripts of hearings are occasionally issued as or included in House or Senate reports or documents, in which case they are numbered as a report or a document.
Testimony is usually arranged within the publication in the chronological order in which the witnesses appeared. Witnesses' written statements are sometimes located throughout the hearing following the spoken testimony transcript, and are sometimes located within the supplementary material at the end of the volume.
Use these search forms:
Use these search criteria:
Highlights of what's covered as part of the basic subscription:
Tip: Users searching for testimony should concentrate primarily on hearings, although testimony transcripts, excerpts, and written statements are occasionally included within other publication types.
LexisNexis® Congressional provides access to congressional hearings through the Basic, Advanced, and Search by Number forms. All hearings records can be searched by keyword, title, subject or geographical index term, committee name, witness name or affiliation, bill number, congressional number (if applicable), LexisNexis accession number, and SuDoc number. Users searching for testimony should concentrate primarily on hearings, although testimony transcripts, excerpts, and written statements are occasionally included within other publication types.
The LexisNexis Congressional basic subscription contains abstracts and indexing for all published hearings held from 1970 forward. The collection is comprehensive. In 2005, the collection guidelines were expanded to include e-hearings made public on the House Education and Workforce Committee Democratic staff website. Future e-hearings made available on official websites of committees, including minority staff websites, will be included in the collection, as will published transcripts of hearings convened by Members of the minority.
LexisNexis Congressional also makes available annotated indexing for hearings held from 1833-1969 through the optional historical indexes module.
LexisNexis Congressional also makes available, through the U.S. Serial Set Digital Collection optional module, annotated indexing and searchable PDFs for hearings published as sections of numbered congressional reports or documents contained in the Senate Library bound Serial Set collection, 1833-1934, as well as other hearings not previously identified.
LexisNexis Congressional creates temporary metadata records for all hearings (from 2005 forward) based on information available in the daily Congressional Record. These temporary metadata records become available a day or two after a hearing is held and linked to any transcripts.
When the official hearing is published by the Government Printing Office, the temporary metadata records are replaced with permanent metadata records containing abstracts, full indexing, and full bibliographic information associated with the published hearing. If a hearing is not published, the temporary metadata record will remain in the system, so the user will know that a hearing was held but was never published. When the unpublished hearing is released, it will be fully indexed and a permanent metadata record will be created that will replace the temporary metadata record and become accessible to users who subscribe to the optional historical indexes module.
Temporary metadata records can be searched by keyword, bill number, broad subject terms, and the names of witnesses and witness affiliations cited in the Congressional Record.
The LexisNexis Congressional basic subscription also includes selected transcripts and witnesses' written statements for many hearings, with coverage beginning in 1988. This material becomes available within a day or two after the hearing is held.
To access this material, the user should use the Basic or Advanced Search form. The Basic Search and the Advanced Search default both return permanent or temporary records linked to the testimony transcripts and written statements.
The Advanced Search drop-down option "All Fields Including Full Text" will take the user directly to the transcripts and written statements. The advantage of accessing the metadata record first is that the record provides bibliographic and content information that will help the user make sense of the testimony materials.
Not all congressional hearings are published. Each committee makes its own decision regarding which hearings are to be published. A committee may decide not to publish a hearing because it contains classified or sensitive information, or because it pertains to private or other legislation deemed to be not of great interest to the public at large, or simply because committee budget or workload considerations preclude the publication. The committee does not have to justify its decision not to publish.
The transcripts of unpublished hearings are transferred to the National Archives. Senate hearings generally remain closed for 20 years, and House hearings remain closed for 30 years. Hearings that contain classified or sensitive material generally remain closed for 50 years.
When they are released, unpublished hearings are not normally published by the committees, although in unusual circumstances they may be. For example, the transcripts of the Senate Government Operations Committee Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations 1953 hearings to investigate alleged espionage and subversive activities were published as a Government Operations Committee print in 2003.
LexisNexis Congressional also makes available annotated indexing for unpublished hearings through the optional historical indexes module. Metadata records are available for Senate unpublished hearings from 1824-1984, and for House unpublished hearings from 1833-1972.