CaseSearch Case Citator Signals
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The CaseSearch signals are based on case annotations prepared by the CaseSearch editors. They are derived from both the procedural history of a case and the subsequent judicial consideration of a case. The ‘traffic lights’, as they are known in the UK are specific to a hearing and not to a case. They are derived from one or other or a combination of the ‘history’(a higher court ruling on the hearing) and the ‘treatment’ (the status terms of the annotating case). The signals are as follows.

Signal Precedence Summary Explanation
Negative treatment 1 Negative treatment Warning – Negative treatment indicated. A negative (red) signal is given to decisions which have been subsequently reversed, disapproved or overruled.
Cautionary treatment 2 Cautionary treatment Caution – Questioning or distinguishing treatment indicated. A cautionary (yellow) signal is given to decisions which have subsequently had some doubt caste on them and have been distinguished, explained, doubted, not followed, varied, considered or had leave to appeal granted.
Positive treatment 3 Positive treatment Positive treatment indicated. A positive (green) signal is given to decisions which have been subsequently applied, approved, extended, followed, upheld or affirmed.
Neutral treatment 4 Neutral treatment Neutral or citing treatment indicated. A neutral signal is given to decisions which have been either referred to or have no history or treatment associated with them.
Citation information 5 Citation information Link to CaseSearch entry. A citation information signal is given to decisions for which there is only citation information available.
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