BIA on Admission, CIMT: Matter of Pinzon

(1) An alien who enters the United States by falsely claiming United States citizenship is not deemed to have been inspected by an immigration officer, so the entry is not an “admission” under section 101(a)(13)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(13)(A) (2012...

Ceron v. Holder to be Reheard En Banc: CA9

"Upon the vote of a majority of nonrecused active judges, it is ordered that this case [*] be reheard en banc pursuant to Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 35(a)and Circuit Rule 35-3. The three-judge panel opinion shall not be cited as precedent by or to any court of the Ninth Circuit." ...

CA6 on Binding Concession by Attorney, CIMT: Hanna v. Holder

"[W]e grant Hanna’s petition for review, reverse the BIA’s holding that Hanna’s admission is binding, and relieve Hanna of his attorney’s concession of removability. Because the BIA’s determination that Hanna is removable is predicated on this concession, we reverse...

CA5 Rejects Matter of Silva-Trevino

Hats off to Lisa Brodyaga, counsel for amici, and countless others who have worked on this issue for years! "Cristoval Silva-Trevino challenges a new method the Attorney General and the Board of Immigration Appeals (“the Board”) used to determine that he had been convicted of a crime...

18 U.S.C. 1015(a) Not CIMT: USA v. Li

"In sum, the Court concludes that a violation of [18 U.S.C.] § 1015(a) is not inherently fraudulent and does not include the element of materiality essential to perjury. As a result, the crime Li was convicted of committing is not categorically a crime involving moral turpitude." - USA...

Was the Attorney Really Ineffective in Kovacs v. USA?

"In Kovacs v. United States , the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit reversed a lower district court’s decision denying a writ of error coram nobis to vacate a 1999 guilty plea to misprision of felony on the ground that his lawyer rendered ineffective assistance. While the...

CA9 on CIMT, False Imprisonment: Turijan v. Holder

"Rodrigo Montiel Turijan petitions for review of a final decision of the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”). The issue on appeal is whether felony false imprisonment under California Penal Code (“CPC”) §§ 236 and 237 is a categorical crime involving moral turpitude...

Unpub. BIA Descamps CIMT Victory in Arizona: Matter of Sainz-Rivera (unpub.)

"In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissed the charge of deportability and held that Ariz. Rev. Stat. 28-1383(A)(1) — which criminalizes driving under the influence after one’s license has been suspended, canceled, revoked, refused or restricted —...

CA9 En Banc on CIMT, Categorical Approach, CPC § 245(a)(1): Ceron v. Holder

Court Staff Summary : "The en banc court granted Ruben Adolfo Ceron’s petition for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ decision finding that his conviction for assault with a deadly weapon other than a firearm, in violation of California Penal Code § 245(a)(1), is a categorical...

Unpub. BIA on CIMT: Matter of Sainz-Rivera

Ben Winograd writes: "In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) dismissed the charge of deportability and held that Ariz. Rev. Stat. 28-1383(A)(1)—which criminalizes driving under the influence after one’s license has been suspended, canceled, revoked, refused...

CA2 on CIMT, Mens Rea: Efstathiadis v. Holder

"Under federal immigration law, Efstathiadis’ removal turns on whether the crime he was convicted of—C.G.S. § 53a‐73a(a)(2)—is a CIMT. The answer to that question, in turn, implicates the level of mens rea applicable to C.G.S. § 53a‐73a(a)(2)’s lack of consent element...

Unpub. BIA Victory, 2 CIMTs: Matter of Romero

Ben Winograd writes: "In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) held that a charge of deportability under INA 237(a)(2)(A)(ii) based on convictions for two crimes involving moral turpitude cannot be sustained if a waiver under former section 212(c) is granted with respect...

CA3 on Justiciability, CIMT: Mayorga v. Atty. Gen.

"[W]e hold that Mayorga would suffer a serious adverse consequence if his crime of conviction were found to categorically be a CIMT, and that his challenge to the IJ’s CIMT ruling is therefore justiciable. We further hold that the IJ and the BIA were incorrect in finding that Mayorga’s...

Unpub. BIA on CIMT, Arson: Matter of Hernandez-Hernandez

Ben Winograd writes: "In this unpublished decision, the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) terminated proceedings upon finding fourth degree arson under N.Y.P.L. 150.05 not to be a categorical crime involving moral turpitude because perpetrators need have a specific intent to damage property. The...

CA7 on Silva-Trevino: Sanchez v. Holder

"Fredy Arnoldo Sanchez seeks review of a Board of Immigration Appeals decision dismissing his appeal of the immigration judge’s order of removal. The Board determined that Sanchez was ineligible for cancellation of removal because he failed to prove that he had not been convicted of a crime...

AAO on CIMT, Maryland Simple Assault

"Although the Hearing Transcript from July 15, 2008 indicates that the applicant's assault was committed against a police officer and that the applicant's actions resulted in scrapes and bruises to the police office, the Hearing Transcript states that the applicant was convicted of a misdemeanor...

CA3 on CIMT: Hernandez-Cruz v. Attorney General

"Hernandez-Cruz argues that his Pennsylvania conviction for child endangerment does not constitute a crime involving moral turpitude (“CIMT”) because his statute of conviction “may be violated without implicating conduct that the Board . . . has defined as - inherently base, vile...

BIA on CIMT, Gang-Related Grafitti: Matter of Hernandez

Official Headnote: Malicious vandalism in violation of section 594(a) of the California Penal Code with a gang enhancement under section 186.22(d) of the California Penal Code, which requires that the underlying offense be committed for the benefit of a criminal street gang with the specific intent to...

CA3 on CIMT: Mahn v. Attorney General

"Emmanuel Mahn petitions for review of his final order of removal and contends that his Pennsylvania conviction for reckless endangerment is not a crime involving moral turpitude (“CIMT”). Applying the categorical approach, we conclude that the least culpable conduct punishable under...

IJ: TX Assault Not Necessarily CIMT

César Cuauhtémoc García Hernández writes: "Courts have long used the categorical approach to determine whether a migrant has been convicted of a removable offense. Along with its sibling, the modified categorical approach, this method of statutory interpretation is central...

CA4 on CIMT: Mohamed v. Holder

"Because Mohamed’s 2011 conviction for failure to register as a sex offender, in violation of Va. Code Ann. § 18.2-472.1, was not a crime involving moral turpitude, the BIA erred as a matter of law in relying on that conviction as a basis to order Mohamed’s removal under 8 U.S.C...

DHS: Arizona Solicitation Statute Not Divisible, Not a CIMT

Laura Murray-Tjan writes: "I appealed pretermission of a non-LPR cancellation of removal claim to the Ninth Circuit, arguing that (1) the client's Arizona solicitation conviction can't be a CIMT ground of inadmissibility, as the agency had held; and (2) the underlying offense isn't a...

CA9 Upholds Matter of Leal (Categorical CIMT)

Court Staff Summary: "The panel denied Edgar Leal’s petition for review of the three-judge published Board of Immigration Appeals’ decision, Matter of Leal , 26 I. & N. Dec. 20 (BIA 2012), which held that Leal’s conviction for felony endangerment, in violation of Arizona Revised...

CA9 Overturns Almanza-Arenas (CIMT, Inconclusive Record; Young v. Holder abrogated in part)

Court Staff Summary: "The panel granted Gabriel Almanza-Arenas’s petition for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals’ published decision, Matter of Almanza-Arenas , 24 I. & N. Dec. 771 (BIA 2009), which held that a California state law conviction for vehicle theft constitutes...

CA9 on Evidence, CIMT: Vargas Cervantes v. Holder (upholding Rotimi)

"We hold that although the BIA correctly determined that Vargas’s conviction under California Penal Code § 422 was for a CIMT and that Vargas is ineligible for an extreme hardship waiver, the BIA erred in concluding that Vargas’s conviction under California Penal Code § 273...