Violence Against Border Agents Declines Despite War Rhetoric

"Despite some politicians characterizing the U.S. side of the border as a war zone, statistics released by U.S. Customs and Border Protection show that assaults against CBP agents and officers decreased by 13 percent last year." - Melissa del Bosque, Texas Observer, Oct. 21, 2011 .

No Safe Place

"A growing number of wealthy and middle-class Mexicans are fleeing rising violence and kidnappings perpetrated by criminal syndicates that have taken over swaths of Mexico." - Melissa del Bosque, The Texas Observer, Oct. 25, 2011 .

Organized Crime, Violence, and Visas

"They enter the United States legally from Mexico with the proper papers and visas, but then they cannot go home. So they overstay their visas. They are surgeons, businesspeople, entrepreneurs, members of Mexico’s wealthy middle and upper middle-class educated population. The expansion...

Mexico's "Narco-Refugees": The Looming Challenge for U.S. National Security

"Given the ever-increasing brutality of the cartels, the question is whether and how the United States Government should begin to prepare for what could be a new wave of migrants coming from Mexico. ... This monograph focuses on the asylum claims of Mexicans who unwillingly leave Mexico, rather...

Violence in Central America Pushes Unaccompanied Kids Into USA

" Violence in three Central American countries is the primary reason behind a dramatic upsurge in the number of unaccompanied immigrant children crossing the border into the United States, and until conditions in these countries change substantially, this trend will be the new norm, cautions the...

Gang Violence in Central America the Push Factor: Sonia Nazario

"In the last few years, what's really been a driving factor has been the increased violence in Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. These are really the three countries that these children are coming from. And increasingly, these countries are controlled by gangs. And so a lot of these gangs...

Violence the 'Overwhelming Factor' Pushing Kids Out of Central America: Bishop Mark Seitz

"Mr. Chairman, the ongoing generalized violence, leading to coercion and threats to the lives of citizens—particularly children—of these countries, is the overwhelming factor facing these children and propelling their migration. Extortion, family abuse and instability, kidnapping, threats...

Lawlessness, Violence in Central America a 'Major Cause' of Recent Migration: ABA

"Reasons include escaping from abuse and very real threats by powerful and violent street gangs, including the 18th Street gang and the Mara Salvatrucha gang. These gangs frequently engage in forced recruitment of teenage boys, sexual slavery of teenage girls, and targeted extortion efforts, often...

DHS Report: Violence, Poverty Driving Central American Kids to USA

"We analyzed these locations to determine the factors pushing child migration to the US Southwest Border. We assess these reasons vary regionally. For example, many Guatemalan children come from rural areas, indicating they are probably seeking economic opportunities in the US. Salvadoran and Honduran...

Nazario: 'We Would Be Their Executioner' By Deporting Kids

A Pulitzer Prize winning author who followed the treacherous trip of a young Honduran boy to the United States said many of the children crossing the border today are refugees and should be treated as such. Sonia Nazario, who won the Pulitzer for a 2002 L.A. Times piece which eventually became the book...

A Refugee Crisis, Not an Immigration Crisis: Sonia Nazario

"To permanently stem this flow of children, we must address the complex root causes of violence in Honduras, as well as the demand for illegal drugs in the United States that is fueling that violence. In the meantime, however, we must recognize this as a refugee crisis, as the United Nations just...

Sonia Nazario: Level of Violence in Honduras 'Astounded Me'

"Last month, I returned for the first time in a decade to Enrique’s home in the Nueva Suyapa neighborhood of Tegucigalpa. I lived there for a week. I saw a huge change in why children are migrating north to the U.S.—a level of violence directed at them that honestly astounded me. I have...