Russia has made progress in reforming its laws on investments, and its Mergers & Acquisitions market grew to USD 5-billion in 2007. Legal regulation of M&A needs to be further adapted to economic reality. Current regulation concerning the competence...
A comprehensive linguistic approach to the analysis and assessment of marks for similarity and confusion reveals that there is a highly complex set of mechanisms involved in processing marks, some of which may not be immediately apparent. Practitioners...
During the 1980s, the Mexican government decided to open its real estate and personal property market to foreign investors, after many other countries had done so during the 1970s. The objective was to increase the flow of productive investments...
by Emma Davies, Ninette Dodoo and Jiajia Gao
In just one year, China's new
Anti-Monopoly Law (AML) has been scrutinised, analysed and criticised. In
parallel, the fortunes of China's companies in international transactions have
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In the United States, 28 U.S.C. § 1782 is a federal statute that allows an interested...
This commentary, discussing the Ninth Circuit’s decision in Sarei v. Rio Tinto , 550 F.3d 822 (9th Cir. 2008), and its implications, was prepared by Jonathan Drimmer, a partner at Steptoe & Johnson who practices in international and commercial...
In consolidated class actions filed against companies doing business in Apartheid South Africa, the district court, exemplifying one trend of cases, rejected the Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA) claims, ruling that aiding and abetting was not cognizable under...
by Kit Chaskin and Noel Paul
As companies expand their
operations in emerging markets, they are facing a new security threat to their
employees: the growing risk of kidnapping for ransom. Kidnapping and Ransom
insurance generally provides the services...
by Jean G. Robert
In Quebec, Civil Code article
3131 provides that the shorter limitation period of a lex causae is applied
when enforcing a foreign judgment. Limitation constitutes a powerful and often
lethal defense which can be raised at the...
In July 2007, the European Community (EC) adopted a new Regulation, colloquially referred to as the "Rome II Regulation." Starting on 11 January 2009, this Regulation replaces the existing choice of law rules for torts and unjust enrichment...
headline "More responsible businesses can foster more
growth in Europe", the European
Commission (the "Commission") unveiled proposals for directives
to amend several legislative measures on 25
While arbitration has traditionally been considered primarily an instrument to resolve private sector commercial disputes, it has been gaining ground with certain public sector institutions as well. In recent years, there has been explosive growth in...
In 2003, the European Court of Justice tore down the walls sealing off the types of corporations available throughout the Member States of the European Union. Rapidly afterwards, Germans seized the opportunity and started to set up English private companies...
by Arne Ots and Sander Kärson
The concept of the first demand
guarantee has been well accepted and recognized in Estonia. This contract
security has been a widely used and irreplaceable tool to secure the immediate
By Renato Conti
Accessing low-cost electric energy is a pre-condition for most fundamental human rights recognized by the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (the "Declaration") and the Italian Constitution. Both providing...
by Alon Kaplan, Lyat Eyal and Susanna von
The recent economic crisis left
many countries with an immense "hole" in their treasury. Many states
were looking for ways to fill their economic gaps and many increased their...
The Turkish Council of State recently passed a resolution regarding the taxation of cross-border dividends pursuant to the Netherlands-Turkey avoidance of double taxation treaty, In this commentary, Ali I. Sanver, a partner at Pekin & Pekin in Istanbul...
The ECJ Judgement in Pfleiderer : A
Tension more Imaginary than real
By Dr. Frank L. Fine
Summary: On June 14, 2011, the European Court of
Justice handed down a ruling which will have negative repercussions for cartel
enforcement for Germany...
The taxation of capital gains resulting from the transfer of securities in Peru is on the brink of change. Legislative Decree 972, in force as of January 1, 2009, intends to modify the past regime repealing the long standing income tax exemption to this...
Whether voluntary or required, whistleblower hotlines create data protection dilemmas that need to be addressed in detailed, updated compliance programs. The implementation of a pan-European hotline is riddled with complexity and numerous steps because...
M. McNabb , Marsha
Z. Gerber , Stefan
Reisinger and Mary
On November 21, 2011, the United
States announced three measures designed to enhance sanctions on Iran. The
President issued an Executive Order authorizing the...
By: Gregory D. Miller and Joseph D. Jean
Excerpt: 2011 Emerging Issues 5918
Effect of Post-Loss
Economic Factors in Measuring Business Interruption Losses: Insured's and
Summary: This commentary discusses...
discussion about a year long inquiry by the High Pay Commission as to
executive remuneration is available on the BBC
website . The full report can be found here .
See here for the news
Also, see here for the full business...
Ten years ago, the European
Commission sought to promote electronic commerce ("e-commerce") by
adopting a directive addressing certain legal aspects of information society
services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal...
By: Lisa M. Cirando
Excerpt: 2011 Emerging Issues 5924
When Life Gives You
Lemons: Insurance for Food and Beverage Claims
Insurance claims involving food and beverages span a wide range. Food-borne
illnesses caused by...