TAMPA, Fla. - The Second District Florida Court of Appeal on March 30 affirmed a $2.5 million verdict in a smoking wrongful death case but certified a question about the constitutionality of the preclusionary elements of Engle v. Liggett Group, Inc. (945 So. 2d 1246 [Fla. 2006]) to the Florida Supreme Court (Philip Morris USA, Inc., et al. v. James L. Douglas, as Personal Representative for the Estate of Charlotte M. Douglas, No. 2D10-3236. Fla. App., 2nd Dist.).