HOUSTON - A Texas federal judge on Jan. 10 dismissed a case challenging the individual and employer mandates contained in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), holding that the mandates did not violate the origination clause of the U.S. Constitution or the taking clause of the Fifth Amendment. Also on Jan. 10, the plaintiffs filed a notice indicating their intent to appeal the decision to the Fifth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals (Steven F. Hotze, M.D., et al. v. Kathleen Sebelius, et al., No. 13-1318, S.D. Texas; 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3149).