CHARLESTON, W.Va. - A federal judge in West Virginia on July 22 found that Alex Energy Inc. was liable for violating the Clean Water Act (CWA) and Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA), ruling that three environmental groups provided sufficient evidence to show that discharges from the company's mines contained excessive levels of selenium (Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition Inc., et al. v. Alex Energy Inc., No. 13-20571, S.D. W. Va.; 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 99322).