Municipal Ban on Tattoo Parlors Facially Unconstitutional under 1st Amendment-Ninth Circuit Holds Tattooing Is Fully Protected/Purely Expressive Free Speech

In a case of first impression, the Ninth Circuit recently addressed whether a municipal ban on tattoo parlors violated the First Amendment. Splitting with several jurisdictions, the Ninth Circuit held that tattooing was purely expressive activity fully protected by the First Amendment and that a total...

High Court Ruling Recognizing 'Ministerial Exemption' A 'Resounding Victory' For Religious Organizations

By Darrell VanDeusen In a decision that many are calling a resounding victory for religious organizations, the Supreme Court has unanimously decided that the First Amendment's establishment and free exercise clauses create a "ministerial exception" that bars an ADA lawsuit (and by extension...