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Immigration Law

DACA Proposed Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 86, No. 185 / Tuesday, September 28, 2021

"On June 15, 2012, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) established the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) policy. The policy— which describes the Secretary of Homeland Security’s (Secretary’s) exercise of her prosecutorial discretion in light of the limited resources that DHS has for removal of undocumented noncitizens—directed U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to create a process to defer removal of certain noncitizens who years earlier came to the United States as children, meet other criteria, and do not present other circumstances that would warrant removal. Since that time, more than 825,000 people have applied successfully for deferred action under this policy. On January 20, 2021, President Biden directed DHS, in consultation with the Attorney General, to take all appropriate actions to preserve and fortify DACA, consistent with applicable law. On July 16, 2021, the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas vacated the June 2012 memorandum that created the DACA policy and what the court called the “DACA program,” and it permanently enjoined DHS from “administering the DACA program and from reimplementing DACA without compliance with” the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). However, the district court temporarily stayed its vacatur and injunction with respect to most individuals granted deferred action under DACA on or before July 16, 2021, including with respect to their renewal requests. The district court’s vacatur and injunction were based, in part, on its conclusion that the June 2012 memorandum announced a legislative rule that required notice-and-comment rulemaking. The district court further remanded the “DACA program” to DHS for further consideration. DHS has appealed the district court’s decision. Pursuant to the Secretary’s broad authorities to administer and enforce the immigration laws, consistent with the district court’s direction to consider a number of issues on remand, and after careful consideration of the arguments and conclusions on which the district court’s decision is based, DHS puts forward for consideration the following proposed rule. DHS invites public comments on the proposed rule and possible alternatives. DATES: Written comments and related material must be submitted on or before November 29, 2021."