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Immigration Law

US Foreign-Born Essential Workers by Status and State, and the Global Pandemic

Donald Kerwin, Mike Nicholson, Daniela Alulema, and Robert Warren, May 1, 2020

"This paper provides comprehensive estimates on immigrant (foreign-born) workers in the United States, employed in “essential critical infrastructure” categories, as defined by the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) (DHS 2020). It finds that immigrants in the labor force and age 16 and over, work at disproportionate rates in “essential critical infrastructure” jobs. In particular, 69 percent of all immigrants in the labor force and 74 percent of undocumented workers are essential infrastructure workers, compared to 65 percent of the native-born labor force."