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Consistent Basis Reporting Requirements

Executors of decedents' estates required to file federal estate tax return must also file a form reporting estate tax value of assets distributed to beneficiaries. Certain beneficiaries must use a consistent value for purposes of determining income tax basis and consequently capital gains and depreciation...

Global Positioning of IP

by William H. Byrnes IV and Marvin Petry * @ A multinational enterprise is ordinarily organized as a parent company having subsidiaries, branches, or joint ventures in foreign locations where the enterprise may have employees, agents, business assets, or customers. The parent and its subsidiaries...

Property Acquired from a Decedent and the Consistent Basis Requirement

Under IRC Section 1014, the basis of property acquired from a decedent is the fair market value of the property on the date of the decedent's death. [ IRC § 1014(a)(1) .] The provisions of IRC Section 1014, along with the Treasury Regulations under IRC Section 1401, contain the rules for determining...

The Challenge of Taxing the Sharing Economy

by Jessica L. Kerner, J.D., LL.M. * In 2007, a hotel room shortage in San Francisco prompted two roommates to create a website to rent out air mattresses in their apartment. Less than eight years later, the company they founded, Airbnb, has been valued at more than $25 billion. ["Value of Airbnb...

April ’16 Inversion Regs Impose Anti-Earnings Strippings Rules

On April 8, 2016, the IRS and Treasury took additional action against corporate inversions and issued temporary, proposed, and final regulations targeting inversion transactions. Among the proposed regulations were much anticipated rules that address earnings strippings transactions. This article briefly...

Temporary Regs Take on Previously Unaddressed Inversion Issues

The IRS and Treasury recently issued the latest set of rules aimed at corporate inversions. The temporary, proposed, and final regulations target: (1) transactions structured to avoid the objectives of IRC Section 7874 ; and (2) certain post-inversion tax avoidance transactions. [ T.D. 9761 (final...

Officials Open to Clarifying Political Subdivision Regs

Officials on June 6 appeared willing to clarify provisions in controversial proposed regulations that would redefine the meaning of political subdivision in issuing tax-exempt bonds. At a hearing at IRS headquarters in Washington, Spence Hanemann, branch 5 attorney, IRS Office of Associate Chief Counsel...

Subchapter K: In or Out?

by Dmitriy Kustov CPA EA MS Tax * Sub K's Cubist Period The word, "partnership," has so many common place meanings and could mean so much these days that we should not blame those taxpayers who do not understand all the technicalities of partnership for tax purposes. Curiously, the...

Application of the Accuracy-Related Penalty to an Inconsistent Estate Basis

Last year, IRC Section 1014 was amended by the Surface Transportation and Veterans Health Care Choice Improvement Act of 2015 to provide that the basis of inherited property must be consistent with the estate tax return. [Pub L No 114-41, 114th Cong, 1st Sess, § 2004(a) (July 31, 2015); IRC §...

New Law Allowing IRS to Seize Passport

by Mark A. Muntean * Introduction A new law allows the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS" or the "Service") to revoke or deny passports for certain taxpayers who owe unpaid federal taxes. This change to the tax law was included in the Fixing America's Surface Transportation...

Dodd-Frank and Oil & Gas Audit Fees

by Max Choi, Dr. Rudolph Jacob and Dr. Susanne O'Callaghan * The 2010 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act ("Dodd-Frank Act"), was passed in response to the financial crisis of 2007-2009. The purpose of this exploratory study is to examine whether the Dodd-Frank...

Tax Reform Policies of the Presidential Candidates

INTRODUCTION When the Tax Reform Act was enacted 30 years ago, Congress was able to implement major tax reform by collaborating across bipartisan lines. [1] It was the last time the Internal Revenue Code underwent a major overhaul, and the elements that came together to create such a major change...

Estate Planning Aspects of Qualified Pension & Profit Sharing Plan Distributions

I. Overview II. Income Tax Treatment [1] Income Tax Deferred Until Receipt by Employee or Beneficiary [2] Income Tax on Distributions [a] Averaging Methods No Longer Generally Available [b] Rollovers of Lump Sum Distributions [c] 10% Penalty on Early Withdrawals [d] Income in Respect of a Decedent III...

IRC Section 2704 Proposed Regulations

Treasury published long-awaited proposed revisions to the existing I.R.C. Section 2704 regulations on August 4, 2016. 81 Fed. Reg. 51413 . If published as final regulations in current form, the revisions will inhibit transfers of closely-held business interests to family members. Treasury provided a...

New Regs on Earnings Strippings Transactions

On October 13, 2016, the Treasury and IRS issued regulations [T.D. 9790 (Oct. 13, 2016)] finalizing and revising proposed regulations issued earlier in the year that targeted post-inversion earnings strippings transactions, which are certain related-party debt transactions that inverting companies engage...

Classifying Debt and Equity

by Shahzad A. Malik J.D. LL.M and Ryan C. Gaglio J.D. * In General "There is no dearth of cases in this province of tax law. So large is their number and disparate their facts, that for every parallel found, a qualification hides in the thicket. At most they offer tentative clues to what is...

Qualified Terminable Interest Property Trust Basics

The Qualified Terminable Interest Property (QTIP) Trust was a creation of ERTA-1981 pursuant to IRC § 2056(b)(7) which qualifies for the marital deduction, even if the surviving spouse is not given a general power of appointment during life or at death. Under a QTIP Trust, the surviving spouse need...

Covered Asset Acquisitions Regulations Examined

Proposed and temporary regulations under IRC Section 901(m) affect covered asset acquisitions, which are transactions that are generally treated as asset acquisitions for U.S. income tax purposes and that either are treated as stock acquisitions or are disregarded for foreign income tax purposes. [TD...

Property Valuation Challenged in Wellmark v. Polk County Board of Review

by Joseph J. Calvanico, MAI, FRICS * Many people have said that real estate valuation is an “art,” not a “science.” It is reasonable to believe that five appraisers would offer five different opinions of value. That is most certainly the “art” portion, as everyone...

Required Compensation Risk Analysis, Claw Backs and Mandatory Deferrals

by Alison Stemler * One of the main purposes of the Dodd-Frank Act is to promote financial stability in the US economy, including through a significant number of provisions relating to financial institutions. [Incentive-Based Compensation Arrangements, 81 Fed. Reg. 37669 (proposed June 10, 2016) ...

Tax Reform Hearings May Signal Changes to Blueprint

A decision by the House Ways and Means Committee to hold hearings on tax reform indicates that the tax panel is willing to consider changes to the House Republican blueprint to win the support of more GOP members, according to several lobbyists and staff. What those changes could be, however, remains...

Trump Expects to Release Tax Reform Plan 'Very Soon'

The White House tax reform plan is ”coming along very well” and will be released “very soon,” President Trump said April 18, although he reiterated his preference for passing a healthcare reform bill first. Speaking at a Snap-On Tools manufacturing plant in Kenosha, Wisconsin...

Crew Alleges Tax Credits for Trump Hotel Run Afoul of Emoluments

A government watchdog group amended its lawsuit against President Trump April 18, alleging that the pending approval of a $ 32 million federal historic rehabilitation tax credit for the Trump International Hotel in Washington would violate the Constitution’s domestic emoluments clause. Approval...

Senate Dems Ask GAO to Probe Refund-Related Financial Products

Three Democratic senators asked the Government Accountability Office April 18 to examine tax-specific financial products such as refund anticipation loans and checks, and their impact on earned income and additional child tax credit (ACTC) recipients. Democratic Sens. Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts...

Fifth Circuit Affirms Some Convictions for Tax Fraud

The Fifth Circuit affirmed most of a return preparation business owner's convictions and sentences stemming from a tax fraud conspiracy, finding that there was sufficient evidence to support the convictions and there was no clear error in the court's refusal to sever the trial from her co-defendants...