LexisNexis® Legal Newsroom
The Challenge of Taxing the Sharing Economy

by Jessica L. Kerner, J.D., LL.M. * In 2007, a hotel room shortage in San Francisco prompted two roommates to create a website to rent out air mattresses in their apartment. Less than eight years later, the company they founded, Airbnb, has been valued at more than $25 billion. ["Value of Airbnb...

April ’16 Inversion Regs Impose Anti-Earnings Strippings Rules

On April 8, 2016, the IRS and Treasury took additional action against corporate inversions and issued temporary, proposed, and final regulations targeting inversion transactions. Among the proposed regulations were much anticipated rules that address earnings strippings transactions. This article briefly...

Temporary Regs Take on Previously Unaddressed Inversion Issues

The IRS and Treasury recently issued the latest set of rules aimed at corporate inversions. The temporary, proposed, and final regulations target: (1) transactions structured to avoid the objectives of IRC Section 7874 ; and (2) certain post-inversion tax avoidance transactions. [ T.D. 9761 (final...

Officials Open to Clarifying Political Subdivision Regs

Officials on June 6 appeared willing to clarify provisions in controversial proposed regulations that would redefine the meaning of political subdivision in issuing tax-exempt bonds. At a hearing at IRS headquarters in Washington, Spence Hanemann, branch 5 attorney, IRS Office of Associate Chief Counsel...

Subchapter K: In or Out?

by Dmitriy Kustov CPA EA MS Tax * Sub K's Cubist Period The word, "partnership," has so many common place meanings and could mean so much these days that we should not blame those taxpayers who do not understand all the technicalities of partnership for tax purposes. Curiously, the...

Application of the Accuracy-Related Penalty to an Inconsistent Estate Basis

Last year, IRC Section 1014 was amended by the Surface Transportation and Veterans Health Care Choice Improvement Act of 2015 to provide that the basis of inherited property must be consistent with the estate tax return. [Pub L No 114-41, 114th Cong, 1st Sess, § 2004(a) (July 31, 2015); IRC §...

New Law Allowing IRS to Seize Passport

by Mark A. Muntean * Introduction A new law allows the Internal Revenue Service ("IRS" or the "Service") to revoke or deny passports for certain taxpayers who owe unpaid federal taxes. This change to the tax law was included in the Fixing America's Surface Transportation...

Dodd-Frank and Oil & Gas Audit Fees

by Max Choi, Dr. Rudolph Jacob and Dr. Susanne O'Callaghan * The 2010 Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act ("Dodd-Frank Act"), was passed in response to the financial crisis of 2007-2009. The purpose of this exploratory study is to examine whether the Dodd-Frank...

Tax Reform Policies of the Presidential Candidates

INTRODUCTION When the Tax Reform Act was enacted 30 years ago, Congress was able to implement major tax reform by collaborating across bipartisan lines. [1] It was the last time the Internal Revenue Code underwent a major overhaul, and the elements that came together to create such a major change...

Estate Planning Aspects of Qualified Pension & Profit Sharing Plan Distributions

I. Overview II. Income Tax Treatment [1] Income Tax Deferred Until Receipt by Employee or Beneficiary [2] Income Tax on Distributions [a] Averaging Methods No Longer Generally Available [b] Rollovers of Lump Sum Distributions [c] 10% Penalty on Early Withdrawals [d] Income in Respect of a Decedent III...

IRC Section 2704 Proposed Regulations

Treasury published long-awaited proposed revisions to the existing I.R.C. Section 2704 regulations on August 4, 2016. 81 Fed. Reg. 51413 . If published as final regulations in current form, the revisions will inhibit transfers of closely-held business interests to family members. Treasury provided a...

New Regs on Earnings Strippings Transactions

On October 13, 2016, the Treasury and IRS issued regulations [T.D. 9790 (Oct. 13, 2016)] finalizing and revising proposed regulations issued earlier in the year that targeted post-inversion earnings strippings transactions, which are certain related-party debt transactions that inverting companies engage...

Classifying Debt and Equity

by Shahzad A. Malik J.D. LL.M and Ryan C. Gaglio J.D. * In General "There is no dearth of cases in this province of tax law. So large is their number and disparate their facts, that for every parallel found, a qualification hides in the thicket. At most they offer tentative clues to what is...

Qualified Terminable Interest Property Trust Basics

The Qualified Terminable Interest Property (QTIP) Trust was a creation of ERTA-1981 pursuant to IRC § 2056(b)(7) which qualifies for the marital deduction, even if the surviving spouse is not given a general power of appointment during life or at death. Under a QTIP Trust, the surviving spouse need...

Covered Asset Acquisitions Regulations Examined

Proposed and temporary regulations under IRC Section 901(m) affect covered asset acquisitions, which are transactions that are generally treated as asset acquisitions for U.S. income tax purposes and that either are treated as stock acquisitions or are disregarded for foreign income tax purposes. [TD...

Property Valuation Challenged in Wellmark v. Polk County Board of Review

by Joseph J. Calvanico, MAI, FRICS * Many people have said that real estate valuation is an “art,” not a “science.” It is reasonable to believe that five appraisers would offer five different opinions of value. That is most certainly the “art” portion, as everyone...

Required Compensation Risk Analysis, Claw Backs and Mandatory Deferrals

by Alison Stemler * One of the main purposes of the Dodd-Frank Act is to promote financial stability in the US economy, including through a significant number of provisions relating to financial institutions. [Incentive-Based Compensation Arrangements, 81 Fed. Reg. 37669 (proposed June 10, 2016) ...

Excess "Golden Parachute" Payments--Nondeductible and Penalty Tax

By Alison Stemler, J.D. * The golden parachute rules in IRC Section 280G state that if an employee or contractor receives or will receive compensation that is triggered by or closely related to a change in control, and that change in control compensation is in total more than three times the employee...

Tax Reform Consensus 'About a Week Away,' Hatch Says

The "Big Six" tax reform negotiators are closing in on a consensus plan for tax reform, Senate Finance Committee Chair Orrin G. Hatch, R-Utah, suggested following the group's September 12 meeting. The group is "about a week away" from unveiling its plan, Hatch told reporters....

Amendments to Partnership Audit Regime

by Ronald Levitt * On November 2, 2015, the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 (Pub L No 114-74, 114th Cong (Nov 2, 2015)) (the Act) became law. The Act radically alters the audit procedures for partnerships. In this respect, Act Section 1101 (Partnership Audits and Adjustments) repeals the TEFRA Partnership...

Senate Begins Debate on Budget Resolution Allowing for Tax Reform

The Senate took a major step on the road toward tax reform October 17, voting to begin debate on a fiscal 2018 budget resolution that would set the stage for lawmakers to release tax reform legislation and fast-track its passage by year-end. Debate kicked off after the Senate voted 50 to 47 on a motion...

Assume ID Stolen, Koskinen Tells Taxpayers Before Filing Season

The IRS is not concerned about a massive new wave of taxpayer identity theft after the Equifax breach of 145.5 million Americans' personally identifiable information because so much data has already been hacked, IRS Commissioner John Koskinen said October 17. "Our estimate has been that before...

Trump Emphasizes Benefits of Corporate Rate Reduction

A fact sheet released by the White House on October 17 outlined President Trump's speech at the Heritage Foundation touting tax reform proposals such as reducing the corporate tax rate, doubling the standard deduction, lowering individual income tax rates, and expanding the child tax credit. ...

IRS Withdraws Proposed Estate Tax Valuation Regs

The IRS has withdrawn proposed regulations (REG-163113-02) on the estate, gift, and generation-skipping transfer tax treatment of lapses of liquidation rights in family-controlled entities and on the valuation of interests in family-controlled corporations and partnerships for estate, gift, and GSTT...

Tax Cuts' Link to Economic Growth Is 'Proven,' Trump Claims

Invoking former President Ronald Reagan, President Trump cast himself in an October 17 speech as a modern-day version of the conservative icon - one with a vision to deliver the largest tax cut in history. "Reagan cut taxes to unleash the economic miracle of the 1980s," Trump said in remarks...