For legal references, see our page on '''Legal Citation Formats'''.

== MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian Style ==

Professional organizations like the Modern Language Association (MLA), the University of Chicago Press, and the American Psychological Association (APA), establish the documentation standards for most scholarly publishing in the U.S. Sample MLA, APA, and Chicago citations are shown below for document types found in LexisNexis® databases. The example citations are shown as if all articles were found in the LexisNexis Academic Database. In most cases, by removing the web URL part of the citation, the example turns into a citation for a print version. However, in cases such as a Company Dossier report, there is no print equivalent and you must cite the database itself as your source.

The rules for citing online documents are as changeable as the online publishing environment itself. Find out which format is preferred by your instructor, then select the relevant items from the bibliographic data section found at the top of each html file. Typically this section will provide more information than you need in your citation.

'''All Citation Examples are from the Latest Versions of the Style Guides'''<br>
APA 6th Edition<br>
MLA 7th Edition<br>
Turabian 6th Edition/Chicago 15th Edition<br>
==Basic Bibliography Formatting Rules==
URLs to the database or website are not completely necessary. Usually, the more information you provide, the better. However, when using URLs - especially for LexisNexis Academic! - it is very important to provide the URL to the database's home page. DO NOT copy and paste the URL that shows up in the browser bar when you are viewing the article. <br>

Remember, the URL for the home page of LexisNexis Academic is: http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic

'''MLA'''<br>
*Place the list of works cited at the end of the paper.
*Center the title, "Works Cited", one inch from the top of the page.
*Double space between the title and the first entry.
*Double space both within and between entries.
*Begin each entry on the left margin.
*Indent subsequent lines one-half inch (approximately five spaces)
*Alphabetize by the author's (or editor's) last name.
*Entries without an author are alphabetized by title.
<br>
'''APA'''
*The 6th edition of APA recommends that students replace URLs to internet references with DOIs. However, in many cases - including the case of the LexisNexis Academic database - the DOI is not available. If no DOI has been assigned, it is acceptible to provide the database name. It is not necessary to include the URL, unless you are citing an e-journal.
*Place the reference list at the end of the paper.
*Center the title, "References" one inch from the top of the page.
*Double space between the title and the first entry.
*Double space both within and between entries.
*Begin each entry on the left margin.
*Indent subsequent lines one-half inch (approximately five spaces)
*Alphabetize by the author's (or editor's) last name.
*Entries without an author are alphabetized by title.

==News==
===Journals, Magazines, and Newspapers===
'''MLA'''<br>
Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article." Periodical Title Volume number. Issue number. Date of publication: Page number range. Database Name. Medium of Publication. Date of Access. <nowiki><URL></nowiki> <br>
Examples:

<blockquote>Wildstrom, Stephen H. "A Big Boost for Net Privacy." ''Business Week'' 5 Apr. 1999: 23. ''LexisNexis® Academic''. Web. 5 Aug. 2009. <nowiki><http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic></nowiki></blockquote>

<blockquote>Liswood, Laura A. "Gender politics and the Oval Office; Why don't women run for president?" ''Baltimore Sun'' 31 Mar. 1999: 23A. ''LexisNexis® Academic''. Web. 5 Aug. 2009. <nowiki><http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic></nowiki></blockquote>

'''APA''' <br>
Author’s Last Name, First Initial. (Date of publication). Article title. ''Magazine/Journal/Newspaper Title'', Volume number(Issue number), Page numbers. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic database

<blockquote>Wildstrom, S.H. (1999, April 5). A big boost for net privacy. ''Business Week'', p. 23. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic database</blockquote>

<blockquote>Liswood, Laura A. (1999, March 31) Gender politics and the Oval Office; Why don't women run for president? ''Baltimore Sun'', pp. 23A. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic database</blockquote>

'''Turabian/Chicago'''<br>
Author. "Article Title." Journal/Newspaper Title volume (date): section, page; available from Database name, <Site/Path/File> [Access date] .

<blockquote>Rosenthal, Phil. "Last Spin for Michael J. Fox." ''Chicago Sun-Times'', Late Sports Final Edition (23 May 2000): Section 2 <nowiki>[newspaper on-line];</nowiki> 31. available from LexisNexis Academic <nowiki><http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic> [29 June 2009].</nowiki> </blockquote>

==Business Sources==

===Company Dossier===
'''MLA'''<br>
Author(s)/Editor(s), if given. "Title of the Article." Provider of the Report (Date of publication): inclusive page numbers. Name of database. Medium of publication consulted. Date accessed.
<blockquote> LexisNexis, "Harley Davidson, Inc. Company Dossier." LexisNexis (2010): 1. ''Company Dossier''. Web. 21 Jan. 2010.</blockquote>

'''APA'''<br>
Author/Editor. Title of Profile . (Date of publication). Retrieved on date from URL
<blockquote>LexisNexis. Harley Davidson, Inc. (2010). Retrieved 2010, January 10 from LexisNexis Academic database</blockquote>

'''Turabian'''<br>
It is very rare that you would ever use Turabian style to cite company information. However, if you do need to, go with the same citation form as citing a webpage.<br>
Author(s). Name of Page [online]. Date Accessed. <url> [cited year day month].

<blockquote>LexisNexis. Harley Davidson Inc. Company Dossier [online]. 2010 21 January. <nowiki><http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic></nowiki>. [cited 2010 22 Feb]. </blockquote>

===Hoover's In-Depth Company Records===
'''MLA'''<br>
Author(s)/Editor(s), if given. "Title of the Article." Provider of the Report (Date of publication): inclusive page numbers. Name of database. Medium of publication consulted. Date accessed.

<blockquote> Hoover's Inc. "Harley Davidson, Incorporated: In-Depth Record" LexisNexis (16 Feb. 2010): 1. Company Dossier. Web. 21 Feb. 2010.</blockquote>

'''APA'''<br>
Author/Editor. (Year, Month Day of Publiction). Title. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic database

<blockquote>Hoover's Inc. (2010, February 16). Harley Davidson, Incorporated: In-depth record. Retrieved from LexisNexis Academic database</blockquote>

'''Turabian'''<br>
It is very rare that you would ever use Turabian style to cite company information. However, if you do need to, go with the same citation form as citing a webpage.<br>
Author(s). Name of Page [online]. Date Accessed. <url> [cited year day month].
<blockquote>Hoover's, Inc. Harley Davidson Inc. In-Depth Report [online]. 2010 16 February. <nowiki><http://www.lexisnexis.com/hottopics/lnacademic></nowiki>. [cited 2010 22 Feb]. </blockquote>

==Legal Sources==
For Legal Materials, Style guides like MLA and APA usually defer to "The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation" for a standard legal citation. See our page on Legal Citation Formats for help with legal citations.

==Related Resources==
Many colleges and universities have created excellent guides to citation. Free citation makers are also available online. Here are links to a few we have found especially helpful.

===Free Citation Generators===
*[http://citationmachine.net Citation Machine]
*[http://www.bibme.org/ BibMe]

===General===
*[http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/ Purdue Online Writing Lab]
*[http://www.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/citapa.htm Long Island University APA Citation Guide]
*[http://www.wisc.edu/writing/Handbook/Documentation.html University of Wisconsin Writing Center]

===Legal===
*[http://www.bc.edu/schools/law/library/research/researchguides.html The Boston College Law Library Research Guide]
*[http://www.law.cornell.edu/citation Introduction to Basic Legal Citation (Cornell University Law School)]


[[Category: Academic Help]]
[[Category: Research help]]
[[Category: English]]