Not a Lexis Advance subscriber? Try it out for free.

Cellspin Soft, Inc. v. Fitbit, Inc.

United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

June 25, 2019, Decided

2018-1817, 2018-1819, 2018-1820, 2018-1821, 2018-1822, 2018-1823, 2018-1824, 2018-1825, 2018-1826, 2018-2178, 2018-2179, 2018-2180, 2018-2181, 2018-2183, 2018-2184

Opinion

 [*1309]  O'Malley [**3] , Circuit Judge.

Cellspin Soft, Inc. ("Cellspin") sued Fitbit, Inc. ("Fitbit"), Moov, Inc. ("Moov"), Nike, Inc. ("Nike"), Fossil Group, Inc. and Misfit, Inc. ("Fossil"), Garmin International, Inc. and Garmin U.S.A., Inc. ("Garmin"), Canon U.S.A., Inc. ("Canon"), GoPro, Inc. ("GoPro"), Panasonic Corporation of America ("Panasonic"), and JK Imaging LTD ("JKI") (collectively "Appellees") for infringing various claims of four different patents. Appellees moved to dismiss, arguing that the patents are ineligible for patent protection under 35 U.S.C. § 101. The district court granted these motions and subsequently awarded attorney fees to Fitbit, Moov, Nike, Fossil, Canon, and GoPro under 35 U.S.C. § 285. See Cellspin Soft, Inc. v. Fitbit, Inc., 316 F. Supp. 3d 1138, 1143 (N.D. Cal. 2018) ("101 Order"); Cellspin Soft, Inc. v. Fitbit, Inc., No. 4:17-cv-5928-YGR, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 112873, 2018 WL 3328164 (N.D. Cal. July 6, 2018) ("Attorney Fees Order"). Because we conclude that the district court misapplied our precedent in granting Appellees' motions to dismiss, we vacate its grant of the motions to dismiss, vacate its award of attorney fees, and remand for further proceedings consistent with this opinion.

I. Background

A. The Asserted Patents

All four asserted patents—U.S. Pat. No. 8,738,794 ("the '794 patent"), U.S. Pat. No. 8,892,752 ("the '752 patent"), U.S. Pat. No. 9,258,698 ("the '698 patent"), and U.S. Pat. No. 9,749,847 ("the '847 patent")—share the same specification and generally relate to connecting a data capture device, e.g. [**4] , a digital camera, to a mobile device so that a user can automatically publish content from the data capture device to a website. Each patent is described in more detail below.

1. The '794 Patent

Read The Full CaseNot a Lexis Advance subscriber? Try it out for free.

Full case includes Shepard's, Headnotes, Legal Analytics from Lex Machina, and more.

927 F.3d 1306 *; 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 18853 **; 2019 U.S.P.Q.2D (BNA) 233391

CELLSPIN SOFT, INC., Plaintiff-Appellant v. FITBIT, INC., MOOV, INC., DBA MOOV FITNESS, INC., NIKE, INC., FOSSIL GROUP, INC., MISFIT, INC., GARMIN INTERNATIONAL, INC., GARMIN USA, INC., CANON U.S.A., INC., GOPRO, INC., PANASONIC CORPORATION OF NORTH AMERICA, JK IMAGING LTD., Defendants-Appellees;CELLSPIN SOFT, INC., Plaintiff-Appellant v. FITBIT, INC., MOOV, INC., DBA MOOV FITNESS, INC., NIKE, INC., FOSSIL GROUP, INC., MISFIT, INC., CANON U.S.A., INC., GOPRO, INC., Defendants-Appellees

Subsequent History: US Supreme Court certiorari denied by Garmin United States v. Cellspin Soft, 2020 U.S. LEXIS 432 (U.S., Jan. 13, 2020)

Prior History:  [**1] Appeals from the United States District Court for the Northern District of California in Nos. 4:17-cv-05928-YGR, 4:17-cv-05929-YGR, 4:17-cv-05931-YGR, 4:17-cv-05933-YGR, 4:17-cv-05934-YGR, 4:17-cv-05938-YGR, 4:17-cv-05939-YGR, 4:17-cv-05941-YGR, 4:17-cv-06881-YGR, Judge Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers.

Appeals from the United States District Court for the Northern District of California in Nos. 4:17-cv-05928-YGR, 4:17-cv-05929-YGR, 4:17-cv-05931-YGR, 4:17-cv-05933-YGR, 4:17-cv-05938-YGR, 4:17-cv-05939-YGR, Judge Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers.

Cellspin Soft v. Fitbit, Inc., 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 112873 (N.D. Cal., July 6, 2018)Cellspin Soft, Inc. v. Fitbit, Inc., 316 F. Supp. 3d 1138, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 57059 (N.D. Cal., Apr. 3, 2018)

Disposition: VACATED AND REMANDED.

CORE TERMS

patent, capture, mobile, district court, inventive, enabled, abstract idea, asserted claim, user, recite, motion to dismiss, new data, allegations, eligible, attorney's fees, software, paired, conventional, specification, transferring, limitations, amended complaint, automatically, transmitted, wireless, digital, module, Internet, signal, web

Civil Procedure, Appeals, Standards of Review, De Novo Review, Responses, Defenses, Demurrers & Objections, Motions to Dismiss, Patent Law, Utility Patents, Product Patents, Compositions of Matter, Machines, Manufactures, Subject Matter, Process Patents, Defenses, Patent Invalidity, Fact & Law Issues, Process Patents, Computer Software & Mental Steps, Subject Matter, Motions to Dismiss, Failure to State Claim, Presumption of Validity