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Chambers v. Miss.

Supreme Court of the United States

November 15, 1972, Argued ; February 21, 1973, Decided

No. 71-5908

Opinion

 [*285]  [***303]  [**1041]    MR. JUSTICE POWELL delivered the opinion of the Court.

 Petitioner, Leon Chambers, was tried by a jury in a Mississippi trial court and convicted of murdering a policeman. The jury assessed punishment at life imprisonment, and the Mississippi Supreme Court affirmed, one justice dissenting. 252 So. 2d 217 (1971). Pending disposition of his application for certiorari to this Court, petitioner was granted bail by order of the Circuit Justice, dated February 1, 1972. Two weeks later, on the State's request for reconsideration, that order was reaffirmed. 405 U.S. 1205 (1972). Subsequently, the petition for certiorari was granted, 405 U.S. 987 (1972), to consider whether petitioner's trial was conducted in accord with principles of due process under the Fourteenth Amendment. We conclude that it was not.

The events that led to petitioner's prosecution for [****4]  murder occurred in the small town of Woodville in southern Mississippi. On Saturday evening, June 14, 1969, two Woodville policemen, James Forman and Aaron "Sonny" Liberty, entered a local bar and pool hall to execute a warrant for the arrest of a youth named C. C. Jackson. Jackson resisted and a hostile crowd of some 50 or 60 persons gathered. The officers' first attempt to handcuff Jackson was frustrated when 20 or 25 men in the crowd intervened and wrestled him  [*286]  free. Forman then radioed for assistance and Liberty removed his riot gun, a 12-gauge sawed-off shotgun, from the car. Three deputy sheriffs arrived shortly thereafter and the officers again attempted to make their arrest. Once more, the officers were attacked by the onlookers and during the commotion five or six pistol shots were fired. Forman was looking in a different direction when the shooting began, but immediately saw that Liberty had been shot several times in the back. Before Liberty died, he turned around and fired both barrels of his riot gun into an alley in the area from which the shots appeared to have come. The first shot was wild and high and scattered the crowd standing at the face of [****5]  the alley. Liberty appeared, however, to take more deliberate aim before the second shot and hit one of the men in the crowd in the back of the head and neck as he ran down the alley. That man was Leon Chambers.

Officer Forman could not see from his vantage point who shot Liberty or whether Liberty's shots hit anyone. One of the deputy sheriffs testified at trial that he was standing  [***304]  several feet from Liberty and that he saw Chambers shoot him. Another deputy sheriff stated that, although he could not see whether Chambers had a gun in his hand, he did see Chambers "break his arm down" shortly before the shots were fired. The officers who saw Chambers fall testified that they thought he was dead but they made no effort at that time either to examine him or to search for the murder weapon. Instead, they attended to Liberty, who was placed in the police car and taken to a hospital where he was declared dead on arrival. A subsequent autopsy showed that he had been hit with four bullets from a .22-caliber revolver.

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410 U.S. 284 *; 93 S. Ct. 1038 **; 35 L. Ed. 2d 297 ***; 1973 U.S. LEXIS 107 ****

CHAMBERS v. MISSISSIPPI

Prior History:  [****1]  CERTIORARI TO THE SUPREME COURT OF MISSISSIPPI.

Disposition:  252 So. 2d 217, reversed and remanded.

CORE TERMS

shooting, confession, cross-examination, trial court, shot, witnesses, state court, circumstances, declarant, state supreme court, hearsay, due process, murder, questions, Street, cases, motion for a new trial, constitutional claim, evidentiary, grounds, voucher, pistol, sworn, gun, rules of evidence, federal question, criminal trial, first time, proceedings, repudiated

Constitutional Law, Fundamental Rights, Criminal Process, Right to Confrontation, Criminal Law & Procedure, Trials, Defendant's Rights, Right to Due Process, Procedural Due Process, Scope of Protection, Evidence, Impeachment, One's Own Witnesses, General Overview, Witnesses, Presentation, Burdens of Proof, Prosecution, Hearsay, Exceptions, Statements Against Interest