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Crawford v. Carroll

United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit

June 3, 2008, Decided; June 3, 2008, Filed

No. 07-11603


 [*963]  RODGERS, District Judge:

Jacqueline R. Crawford appeals the district court's grant of summary judgment in favor of her former employer, the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia/Georgia  [*964]  State University (GSU), and two of her former supervisors, GSU officers Barbara Carroll and Katherine Johnston. After review and oral argument, we reverse and remand for further proceedings, having determined that genuine issues of material fact exist that preclude summary judgment on Crawford's Title VII retaliation and race discrimination claims against GSU and her 42 U.S.C. § 1983 race discrimination claim against Carroll. We affirm the district court's grant of summary judgment to Johnston on Crawford's § 1983 race discrimination claim because Johnston is entitled to qualified immunity.

I. Standard of Review

] We review a district  [**2] court's grant of summary judgment de novo. Brooks v. County Comm'n of Jefferson County, Ala., 446 F.3d 1160, 1161-62 (11th Cir. 2006). ] At summary judgment we consider all evidence and reasonable factual inferences drawn therefrom in a light most favorable to the non-moving party. Rojas v. Florida, 285 F.3d 1339, 1341-42 (11th Cir. 2002) (per curiam) (citation and quotations omitted). ] Summary judgment is appropriate if the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show there is no genuine issue as to any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(c); Wilson v. B/E/Aerospace, Inc., 376 F.3d 1079, 1085 (11th Cir. 2004).

II. Background

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529 F.3d 961 *; 2008 U.S. App. LEXIS 11830 **; 103 Fair Empl. Prac. Cas. (BNA) 717; 21 Fla. L. Weekly Fed. C 758

JACQUELYN R. CRAWFORD, Plaintiff-Appellant, versus BARBARA CARROLL, KATHERINE JOHNSTON, individually and in her official capacity as Vice President of Finance and Administration, BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM OF GEORGIA/GEORGIA STATE UNIVERSITY, Defendants-Appellees.

Prior History:  [**1] Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Georgia. D.C. Docket No. 04-00089-CV-JOF-1.

Crawford v. Carroll, 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 16678 (N.D. Ga., Mar. 8, 2007)



adverse employment action, district court, merit pay, retaliation, salary, race discrimination, new position, classification, reasons, retaliation claim, summary judgment, candidate, hire, qualified immunity, interviewed, human resources, retroactively, recommended, percent, posted, prima facie case, supervising, employees, promoted, allegations, defendants', deprivation, proffered, purposes, pretext

Civil Procedure, Appeals, Summary Judgment Review, Standards of Review, Judgments, Summary Judgment, Evidentiary Considerations, Entitlement as Matter of Law, Appropriateness, Genuine Disputes, Legal Entitlement, Materiality of Facts, Civil Rights Law, Contractual Relations & Housing, Equal Rights Under the Law (sec. 1981), Proof of Discrimination, Constitutional Law, Equal Protection, National Origin & Race, Labor & Employment Law, Evidence, Burdens of Proof, Employee Burdens of Proof, Discrimination, Reconstruction Statutes, Retaliation, General Overview, Burdens of Proof, Elements, Adverse Employment Actions, Employment Practices, Adverse Employment Actions, Compensation, Trials, Jury Trials, Province of Court & Jury, Disparate Treatment, Evidence, Preponderance of Evidence, Burden Shifting, Circumstantial & Direct Evidence, Protection of Rights, Immunity From Liability, Defenses, Local Officials, Direct Causal Links, Respondeat Superior Distinguished