Flenker v. Willamette Indus.
United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit
December 23, 1998, Filed
[*1084] HENRY, Circuit Judge.
This is an appeal from a summary judgment entered in favor of an employer, Willamette Industries, Inc. ("Willamette"), in a tort action under Kansas law for retaliatory discharge. The district court held that plaintiff- appellant Mr. Flenker's retaliatory discharge claim was precluded because section 11(c) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act ("OSHA"), 29 U.S.C. § 660 (c) (1994), provided him an adequate alternative remedy. Mr. Flenker appealed.
Because we determined that resolution [**2] of the appeal turned on an unsettled issue of Kansas law, we certified the following question to the Kansas Supreme Court: "Does the remedy provided by OSHA § 11(c) for employees who allege that they have been discharged in retaliation for filing complaints under that statute preclude the filing of a Kansas common law wrongful discharge claim under Kansas's public policy exception to at-will employment?" The Kansas Supreme Court, under the facts submitted to it in our certification, answered "no." Flenker v. Willamette Industries, Inc., 266 Kan. 198, 967 P.2d 295, 1998 WL 771624, at *5, 10 (Kan. 1998).
Applying the Kansas Supreme Court's answer here, we hold that OSHA § 11(c) does not preclude Mr. Flenker's Kansas common law wrongful discharge claim. Thus, with the benefit of this decision previously unavailable to the district court, we now VACATE the grant of summary judgment to Willamette and REMAND for further proceedings. Read The Full CaseNot a Lexis Advance subscriber? Try it out for free.
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162 F.3d 1083 *; 1998 U.S. App. LEXIS 31805 **; 14 I.E.R. Cas. (BNA) 1210; 1999 Colo. J. C.A.R. 95
DAVID FLENKER, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. WILLAMETTE INDUSTRIES, INC., Defendant-Appellee.
Prior History: [**1] APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS. (D.C. No. 95-2480-KHV). D.C. Judge KATHRYN H. VRATIL.
Disposition: VACATED and REMANDED.
common law wrongful discharge, retaliatory discharge, summary judgment, district court