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United States District Court for the Northern District of California
April 14, 2014, Decided; April 14, 2014, Filed
Case No. 12-cv-04967-WHO
[*1083] ORDER ON MARVELL'S MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT
Defendant Marvell Semiconductor, Inc. ("Marvell"), moves for summary judgment that U.S. Patent 5,446,747 ("the '747 Patent") is invalid because Claims 1 and [**2] 10 are merely mathematical algorithms or abstract ideas, and are not transformative or limited applications of those algorithms or ideas, and therefore fail to claim patent-eligible subject matter under 35 U.S.C. § 101. Marvell also seeks partial summary judgment on the issue of whether it is liable to plaintiff France Telecom S.A. ("France Telecom") for sales of allegedly infringing chips 1 sold abroad by a non-party affiliate, Marvell Asia Pte. Ltd. ("MAPL"). Because Claims 1 and 10 recite an application of an abstract idea, rather than an abstract idea alone, Marvell's motion for summary judgment to invalidate the claims is DENIED. Because France Telecom cannot seek damages based on a third party's infringement outside the United States, Marvell's motion for partial summary judgment concerning its liability for the accused chips is GRANTED.
I. THE '747 PATENT
The '747 Patent "involves methods commonly referred to as 'turbo coding' for correcting errors in telecommunication and other data transmissions." [**3] France Telecom, S.A. v. Marvell Semiconductor, Inc., No. 12-cv-4967, 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 33608, 2014 WL 1007449, at *1 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 12, 2014). The technology claimed allows for more accurate and efficient data transmission and cellular communication. See 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 33608, [WL] at *3. The patent expired on August 29, 2012. See Rycroft Decl. (Dkt. No. 137) Ex. 1; 35 U.S.C. § 154(a)(2).
Claim 1 of the patent recites the following:
Full case includes Shepard's, Headnotes, Legal Analytics from Lex Machina, and more.
39 F. Supp. 3d 1080 *; 2014 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 52564 **; 2014 WL 1478850
FRANCE TELECOM S.A., Plaintiff, v. MARVELL SEMICONDUCTOR INC., Defendant.
Prior History: [**1] Re: Dkt. No. 137.
Fr. Telecom, S.A. v. Marvell Semiconductor, Inc., 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 63823 (N.D. Cal., May 3, 2013)
patent, infringement, coding, steps, abstract idea, eligibility, invention, decoding, transformation, damages, recites, sales, Integrations, algorithm, royalty, subject matter, patent-eligible, mathematical formula, calculations, patent law, digital, abroad, laws of nature, extraterritorial, negotiation, iterative, preempt, chips, convolutional, limitations
Civil Procedure, Summary Judgment, Entitlement as Matter of Law, Appropriateness, Genuine Disputes, Legal Entitlement, Patent Law, Infringement Actions, Burdens of Proof, Claim Interpretation, Construction Preferences, Utility Patents, Process Patents, Elements, Subject Matter, General Overview, Product Patents, Machines, Computer Software & Mental Steps, Principles & Results, Infringing Acts, Damages, Patentholder Losses, Reasonable Royalties, Jurisdiction & Review, Personal Jurisdiction & Venue, Foreign Defendants