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Supreme Court of the United States
ArguedMay 2, 1918 May 3, 1918 ; December 23, 1918
[*229] [**69] [***216] MR. JUSTICE PITNEY delivered the opinion of the court.
The parties are competitors in the gathering and distribution of news and its publication for profit in newspapers throughout the United States. The Associated Press, which was complainant in the District Court, is a cooperative organization, incorporated under the Membership Corporations Law of the State of New York, its members being individuals who are either proprietors or representatives [***217] of about 950 daily newspapers published in all parts of the United States. That a corporation may be organized under [****25] that act for the purpose of gathering news for the use and benefit of its members and for publication in newspapers owned or represented by them, is recognized by an amendment enacted in 1901 (Laws N.Y. 1901, c. 436). Complainant gathers in all parts of the world, by means of various instrumentalities of its own, by exchange with its members, and by other appropriate means, news and intelligence of current and recent events of interest to newspaper readers and distributes it daily to its members for publication in their newspapers. The cost of the service, amounting approximately to $ 3,500,000 per annum, is assessed upon the members and becomes a part of their costs of operation, to be recouped, presumably with profit, through [*230] the publication of their several newspapers. Under complainant's by-laws each member agrees upon assuming membership that news received through complainant's service is received exclusively for publication in a particular newspaper, language, and place specified in the certificate of membership, that no other use of it shall be permitted, and that no member shall furnish or permit anyone in his employ or connected with his newspaper to furnish [****26] any of complainant's news in advance of publication to any person not a member. And each member is required to gather the local news of his district and supply it to the Associated Press and to no one else.
Defendant is a corporation organized under the laws of the State of New Jersey, whose business is the gathering and selling of news to its customers and clients, consisting of newspapers published throughout the United States, under contracts by which they pay certain amounts at stated times for defendant's service. It has wide-spread news-gathering agencies; the cost of its operations amounts, it is said, to more than $ 2,000,000 per annum; and it serves about 400 newspapers located in the various cities of the United States and abroad, a few of which are represented, also, in the membership of the Associated Press.
Full case includes Shepard's, Headnotes, Legal Analytics from Lex Machina, and more.
248 U.S. 215 *; 39 S. Ct. 68 **; 63 L. Ed. 211 ***; 1918 U.S. LEXIS 1664 ****; 2 A.L.R. 293
INTERNATIONAL NEWS SERVICE v. THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Prior History: [****1] CERTIORARI TO THE CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SECOND CIRCUIT
newspapers, Press, cases, gathering, papers, bulletins, unfair competition, injunction, news service, parties, words, appropriation, subscribers, transmitted, courts, distributing, competitor, selling, news agency, communicated, collected, appears, posted, rights, court of equity, property right, common law, transmission, expenditure, productions