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Kozak v. Marshall

Supreme Court of New York, Suffolk County

July 7, 2005, Decided

7293 -2005


Sandra L. Sgroi, J.

ORDERED that the Defendant, Timothy Marshall, shall be made available for a deposition to be conducted by video conference, deposition on written questions, interrogatories or such other method as the parties may agree upon within forty five days of the date of this order and if the  [****2]  Defendant visits New York State for any reason before the trial, he must promptly notify the attorney for the Plaintiff of his arrival and make himself available for oral examination by them in Suffolk County within a reasonable time thereafter, and in any event not later than two days before the date set for the trial; and it is further

ORDERED that the Defendant shall bear the additional costs of conducting a deposition by video conferencing if that method of discovery is chosen by the Plaintiff.

This is an action for breach of an alleged oral contract that occurred when [***2]  the Plaintiff, Jennifer Kozak, and the Defendant, Timothy Marshall, resided in an apartment together on Long Island. The attorney for the Defendant alleges that after the Defendant left the State to return to his residence in California, the Plaintiff commenced this law suit in 1993. According to the affidavit submitted by the Defendant, he is currently employed in California and traveling to New York at this time would present a personal and financial hardship. The attorney for the Defendant has offered to pay any additional costs resulting from using video conferencing.

The attorney for the Plaintiff alleges that the Defendant has not shown that it would be a financial hardship for him to travel to New York. However, in that same affirmation, the attorney for the Plaintiff states that the Defendant was unemployed for most of the two years that the Plaintiff and the Defendant were living together in New York and that the alleged employment of the Defendant would be the first "gainful employment" in the last four years (Affirmation of Catherine Cavanagh, Esq., 6/13/05). The Plaintiff does not dispute that the Defendant resides in California.

Where, as here, the Defendant [***3]  resides outside of New York, the convenience of that party will be considered by the Court and the Court can utilize CPLR § 3110 to adjust the venue of the deposition(see, New York Practice § 355, David D. Siegel,; see generally Nama Air Cargo Co. v. Unitrans Consol., 208 A.D.2d 604, 617 N.Y.S.2d 367; Zilken v. Leader, 23 A.D.2d 644, 257 N.Y.S.2d 185). Further, it is not disputed that the Defendant has limited financial resources and the affirmation of the attorney for the Plaintiff has actually confirmed that the Defendant does not have significant financial resources derived from recent employment.

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9 Misc. 3d 1114(A) *; 808 N.Y.S.2d 918 **; 2005 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 2091 ***; 2005 NY Slip Op 51540(U) ****

 [****1]  Jennifer Kozak, Plaintiff, v. Timothy Marshall, Defendant.



deposition, conferencing, video, additional cost, affirmation, financial resources, physical appearance, financial hardship, oral examination, written question, reasonable time, videoconference, date set, interrogatories, conducting, discovery, promptly, alleges, arrival, parties, resides, utilize, notify, travel, visits