Thank You For Submiting Feedback!
United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit
March 19, 2002, Argued ; June 12, 2002, Decided ; June 12, 2002, Filed
[***2] [*328] CLAY, Circuit Judge.
Defendants, the City of Covington, Kentucky, the Covington Board of Adjustment, Marc Tischbein, and the Covington Station Council of Co-Owners, Inc., appeal the judgment of the district court, after a bench trial, in favor of Plaintiff pursuant to claims brought under Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA"), 42 U.S.C. § 12131, et seq., and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 [**2] ("Rehabilitation Act"), 29 U.S.C. § 701 et seq. Plaintiff, MX Group, Inc., alleged that Defendants discriminated against it because of Plaintiff's association with its potential clients, who are drug addicted persons, by refusing to issue a zoning permit to Plaintiff so that it could open a methadone clinic in the City of Covington. Plaintiff claims that Defendants further discriminated against it by amending the city's zoning ordinance to completely prohibit the clinic from opening anywhere in the city. The district court found that Plaintiff's clients or potential clients were persons with a disability and that Defendants discriminated against Plaintiff because of Plaintiff's association with its clients/potential clients. For the reasons that follow, we AFFIRM.
On January 16, 1998, Plaintiff filed a two-count complaint in the district court, alleging violations of the ADA and the Rehabilitation Act. On July 21, 1998, Plaintiff amended its complaint, adding as a third cause of action denial of [***3] substantive due process. According to the district court's opinion, Plaintiff also asserted a constitutional [**3] equal protection claim. Defendants filed an answer on August 20, 1998. Defendants moved for summary judgment on August 2, 1999. The district court held a hearing on the motion and denied it on December 17, 1999. The district court also set a date of January 8, 2000 for a bench trial. At the close of all the evidence, the district court asked the parties to file memoranda in support of their positions. Plaintiff filed its memorandum on March 6, 2000, and Defendants filed their memorandum/brief on April 5, 2000. On August 8, 2000, the district court entered an opinion and order in favor of Plaintiff's ADA and Rehabilitation Act claims. See MX Group, Inc. v. City of Covington, 106 F. Supp. 2d 914 (E.D. Ky. 2000). The district court also entered an order and injunction, which provided that Defendants' ordinance, essentially banning Plaintiff's proposed methadone clinic from operating anywhere in the City of Covington, violated the ADA. The order also enjoined Defendants from withholding the necessary permits and permission from Plaintiff for a methadone clinic. Defendants moved to alter and amend the order; after oral arguments were heard on that motion, the district court [**4] denied Defendants' motion on September 8, 2000. Defendants thereafter filed this timely notice of appeal.
Full case includes Shepard's, Headnotes, Legal Analytics from Lex Machina, and more.
293 F.3d 326 *; 2002 U.S. App. LEXIS 11249 **; 2002 FED App. 0205P (6th Cir.) ***; 13 Am. Disabilities Cas. (BNA) 323
MX GROUP, INC., Plaintiff-Appellee, v. CITY OF COVINGTON, et al., Defendants-Appellants.
Prior History: [**1] Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Kentucky at Covington. No. 98-00007. William O. Bertelsman, District Judge.
disability, impairment, clinic, potential client, Rehabilitation, district court, major life activity, methadone clinic, addiction, ordinance, entity, drug addiction, effects, methadone, zone, discriminated, regulations, site, substantial limitation, public entity, zoning permit, programs, drugs, mitigating, functioning, contacted, exhaust, prong, Defendants', experienced
Civil Procedure, Appeals, Standards of Review, Clearly Erroneous Review, De Novo Review, Civil Rights Law, Protection of Disabled Persons, Americans With Disabilities Act, Scope, Public Health & Welfare Law, Advocacy & Protection, Discrimination, Americans With Disabilities Act, Protection of Rights, General Overview, Justiciability, Standing, Personal Stake, Constitutional Law, Case or Controversy, Preliminary Considerations, The Judiciary, Disabled & Elderly Persons, Federal Employment & Services, Remedies, Business & Corporate Compliance, Enforcement Actions, Disability Discrimination, Rehabilitation Act, Labor & Employment Law, Employment Practices, Professional Associations & Corporations, Business & Corporate Law, Professional Associations & Corporations, Healthcare Law, Business Administration & Organization, Employment Issues, Employment Discrimination, Disabilities Under ADA, Mental & Physical Impairments, Major Life Activities, Conditions & Terms, Duration of Employment, Scope & Definitions, Alcohol & Drug Abuse, Evidence, Burdens of Proof, Employee Burdens of Proof, Criminal Law & Procedure, Sentencing, Sentencing Alternatives, Substance Abuse Programs, Records of Impairments, Regarded With Impairments, Accommodations, Administrative Law, Judicial Review, Reviewability, Exhaustion of Remedies, Governments, Local Governments, Employees & Officials