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Schneider (Eur.) AG v. Scimed Life Sys.

United States District Court for the District of Minnesota, Third Division

March 4, 1994, Decided

3-91 CIV 241

Opinion

 [*822] TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. Background Facts

A. Nature of the Action and the Parties

B. Background of the Invention

C. The '129 Patent

D. Reexamination of the '129 Patent

II. Infringement

A. Claim Construction of the '129 Patent

(a)The "Intregral" Limitation

(b) The "Relatively Short"/"Substantially Distal" Limitations

(c) The "First Tube" and "Sufficient Stiffness" Limitations

(d) The "Stabilizing Wire" Limitation

(e) Scope of Coverage of the '129 Patent Claims

B. The Structure of the EXPRESS and the RALLY

(i) The EXPRESS

(ii) The RALLY

C. Literal Infringement

(i) The EXPRESS

(ii) The RALLY

D. The Doctrine of Equivalents

(i) The "Integral" Limitation

(ii) The "Relatively Short"/"Substantially Distal" Limitations

(iii) The "First Tube" Limitation

(iv) The "Sufficient Stiffness" Limitation

(v) The "Integral Stabilizing Means" Limitation

III. Validity

A. One of Ordinay Skill in the Art

B. Scope and Content of Prior Art/Differences Between the Prior Art and the Claims at issue

(i) Borisenko

(b) Nordensstrom

(c) Morton

(d) Esophagal Devices

(e) Hartzler

(f) Perfusion Catheters

(g) Kaltenbach

(h) Leary

C. The Claimed Catheter would not have been Obvious to One of Ordinary Skill in the Art

D. Secondary Considerations

(i) Background--Development of Schneider's Catheters

(ii) Commercial Success of Schneider's Catheters [*823]  

(iii) Commercial Success of Infringing Catheters

(iv) Other Secondary Considerations

E. Inequitable Conduct

VI. Willfulnes

V. Damages

A. Background

B. Lost Profits

(i) Demand for the Patented Product

(ii) Absence of Non-Infringing Alternatives

(iii) Abiltiy to Meet Demand

(iv) The Amount of Loss

C. Reasonable Royalty

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852 F. Supp. 813 *; 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 4069 **

SCHNEIDER (EUROPE) AG and SCHNEIDER (USA) INC., Plaintiffs, v. SCIMED LIFE SYSTEMS, INC., Defendant.

Subsequent History:  [**1]  Order and Amended Permanent Injunction of April 25, 1994, Reported at: 1994 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 5635.

CORE TERMS

catheter, wire, tube, patent, balloon, infringement, reexamination, SALES, DAMAGES, distal, ROYALTY, inflation, dilatation, lumen, invention, lost profits, certificate, ordinary skill, royalty rate, prior art, integral, rapid-exchange, prejudgment interest, segment, centimeters, monorail, stenosis, invalid, proximal, license