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Supreme Court of New York, Appellate Division, First Department
March 12, 2020, Decided ; March 12, 2020, Entered
[*498] [**3] Order, Supreme Court, New York County (James E. d'Auguste, J.), entered July 12, 2019, which granted defendants Joseph Melamed and Daniel Melamed's motion to dismiss the complaint as against them and, upon a search of the record, dismissed the complaint as against the remaining defendants, unanimously affirmed, without costs.
Plaintiff relator commenced this action in 2014 on behalf of the State of New York, alleging a scheme by the decedent and his family to avoid New York State income taxes and estate taxes for the benefit of the beneficiaries of the estate, defendants [*499] Joseph Melamed and Daniel Melamed, by, among other things, failing to report income earned by the decedent in New York between 2008 and 2013, and filing false documents with the State representing that the decedent was a resident of Florida, when in fact he was working and living full-time in Westchester County until shortly before his death in 2013. The complaint asserts causes of action for violations of the New York False [***2] Claims Act (NYFCA) (State Finance Law § 187 et seq.).
Assuming, without deciding, that NYFCA applies to causes of action alleging that misrepresentations were made to avoid estate tax obligations (see State Finance Law § 189 [g]), the estate tax fraud causes of action were correctly dismissed. The complaint does not allege that the decedent (or any defendant) had income (or sales) of at least $1 million in 2013, the year in which estate taxes came due and the claim for estate tax fraud arose.
With respect to the income tax fraud causes of action, the complaint fails to adequately allege sales/income within the statute.
Full case includes Shepard's, Headnotes, Legal Analytics from Lex Machina, and more.
181 A.D.3d 498 *; 122 N.Y.S.3d 2 **; 2020 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 1757 ***; 2020 NY Slip Op 01718 ****; 2020 WL 1172921
[****1] State of New York ex rel. Doreen L. Light, Appellant, v Myron R. Melamed et al., Defendants, and Joseph Melamed et al., Respondents.
Prior History: State of New York ex rel. Light v Melamed, 2019 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 3761 (N.Y. Sup. Ct., July 8, 2019)
estate tax, fraud cause of action, cause of action, income tax, replead, sales