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United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
April 19, 2001, Argued ; July 6, 2001, Decided
[*1109] ROGERS, Circuit Judge: TruServ Corporation (formerly Cotter & Co.) petitions for review of a decision and order by the National Labor Relations Board. See Cotter & Co., 331 N.L.R.B. No. 94 (July 19, 2000). TruServ challenges for lack of substantial evidence the Board's findings that it violated [**2] § 8(a)(5) and (1) of the National Labor Relations Act, 29 U.S.C. § 158(a)(1), (5) (1998), when it implemented terms and conditions of employment prior to reaching a genuine bargaining impasse, disciplined unit employees pursuant to unilaterally implemented work rules, and refused to process employee grievances. TruServ also seeks reversal or modification of the Board's remedial order, which it maintains appears to be punitive because the order would provide a windfall to the Union's health fund for healthcare claims paid by the company. We grant the petition on the issue of impasse because the Board's findings on that issue are not supported by substantial evidence; hence we do not reach TruServ's alternative contention that the Union had waived the right to bargain on work rules. We deny the petition's challenge to the processing of grievances.
TruServ Corporation manufactures and distributes hardware to various True Value Hardware stores. Teamsters Local [**3] 293 is the bargaining representative for the warehouse unit employees at the Company's Westlake facility. 1 [**4] A collective bargaining agreement, effective September 1, 1991, was due to expire on August 31, 1995. On July 20, 1995, the Company and the Union began negotiating for a successor bargaining agreement. At the outset, the Company expressed its concerns with the facility's efficiency and productivity, namely, that sales from the Westlake facility had decreased at a higher rate than sales for the Company as a whole, and that errors in filling orders at the Westlake facility had increased significantly. 2 After the Company's opening statement, the Union submitted a complete contract proposal on both economic and non-economic issues. Consistent with its past negotiations with the Union, the Company deferred discussion of "economic" (wages) issues until the end of the negotiations period, and on July 21, the parties agreed on a three-year [*1110] term for the new agreement and on language for the employee grievance procedure. During the eight days of negotiations, 3 the key issues discussed were (1) holidays, (2) the workweek, workday schedule, (3) healthcare, and (4) wages.
A. Holidays. The Company initially proposed to convert [**5] certain contractual holidays (especially the day after Thanksgiving) to "personal days," which the employees could use at other times, so that the warehouse could remain open to process the high volume of orders. The Union initially proposed to add two holidays to the ten existing contractual holidays, and to limit overtime on the days before and after a holiday. The Union later reduced its demands to one additional declared holiday and proposed to abandon its overtime proposal for working on holidays if the Company agreed to make concessions on overtime. The Company rejected the Union's proposal, offering instead to convert four declared holidays to personal days. On August 29, the Company further modified its proposal to require the conversion of only one holiday--the day after Thanksgiving. The Union conditioned acceptance on the Company's agreement to declare an additional holiday (Martin Luther King Day) a personal day. The Company showed no willingness to accept this condition.
Full case includes Shepard's, Headnotes, Legal Analytics from Lex Machina, and more.
254 F.3d 1105 *; 2001 U.S. App. LEXIS 15103 **; 347 U.S. App. D.C. 61; 165 L.R.R.M. 2577; 143 Lab. Cas. (CCH) P11,040
TRUSERV CORPORATION, F/K/A COTTER & COMPANY, PETITIONER v. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS BOARD, RESPONDENT TEAMSTERS LOCAL UNION NO. 293, INTERVENOR
Subsequent History: [**1] As Amended on Grant of Rehearing August 17, 2001, Reported at: 2001 U.S. App. LEXIS 18759. Certiorari Denied February 19, 2002, Reported at: 2002 U.S. LEXIS 690.
Modified by, On rehearing at TruServ Corp. v. NLRB, 2001 U.S. App. LEXIS 18759 (D.C. Cir., Aug. 17, 2001)
Writ of certiorari denied Teamsters Local Union No. 293 v. TruServ Corp., 534 U.S. 1130, 122 S. Ct. 1070, 151 L. Ed. 2d 972, 2002 U.S. LEXIS 690 (Feb. 19, 2002)
Prior History: On Petition for Review and Cross-Application for Enforcement of an Order of the National Labor Relations Board.
Cotter & Co., 331 N.L.R.B. 787, 2000 NLRB LEXIS 450 (July 19, 2000)
Disposition: Petition Granted in part, Denied in part, and Remanded in part.
bargaining, impasse, negotiations, parties, final offer, employees, grievance, tier, holidays, slip opinion, implemented, overtime, work rule, contemporaneous, unilaterally, eight-hour, ten-hour, wages, top, wage increase, proposals, workweek, workday, three year, bottom, substantial evidence, good faith, new work, disciplined, flexibility
Labor & Employment Law, Collective Bargaining & Labor Relations, Impasse Resolution, Judicial Review, Unfair Labor Practices, General Overview, Union Violations, Union Refusal to Bargain, Governments, Local Governments, Administrative Boards