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722 F.3d 1 *; 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 13228 **
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. JUAN BRAVO FERNANDEZ; HECTOR MARTÍNEZ MALDONADO, Defendants, Appellants.
Subsequent History: As Amended June 29, 2013.
Motion denied by, On remand at United States v. Bravo-Fernandez, 988 F. Supp. 2d 191, 2013 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 180805 (D.P.R., Dec. 23, 2013)
Decision reached on appeal by, Judgment entered by United States v. Bravo-Fernndez, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 1566 (1st Cir. P.R., Jan. 17, 2019)
Prior History: [**1] APPEALS FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE DISTRICT OF PUERTO RICO. Hon. Francisco A. Besosa, U.S. District Judge.
United States v. Bravo-Fernandez, 828 F. Supp. 2d 441, 2011 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 142929 (D.P.R., Dec. 12, 2011)
bribery, Travel, gratuities, bribe, reward, conspiracy, convicted, thing of value, series of transactions, official act, conspired, federal funds, corruptly, public official, prohibits, entity, trip, instructions, federal program, violating, offering, legal impossibility, conspiracy conviction, district court, take place, quotation, jeopardy, repealed, funds, marks
Criminal Law & Procedure, Abuse of Public Office, Illegal Gratuities, General Overview, Evidence, Judicial Notice, Adjudicative Facts, Verifiable Facts, Standards of Review, De Novo Review, Conclusions of Law, Substantial Evidence, Sufficiency of Evidence, Business & Corporate Law, Agency Relationships, Agents Distinguished, Elements, Governments, State & Territorial Governments, Employees & Officials, Legislatures, Legislation, Interpretation, Constitutional Law, Case or Controversy, Constitutionality of Legislation, Congressional Duties & Powers, Necessary & Proper Clause, Spending & Taxation, Fundamental Rights, Procedural Due Process, Scope of Protection, Abuse of Discretion, Appeals, Reversible Error, Jury Instructions, Harmless & Invited Error, Acts & Mental States, Mens Rea, Specific Intent, Penalties, Interpretation, Rule of Lenity, Inchoate Crimes, Conspiracy, Criminal Offenses, Reviewability, Preservation for Review, Constitutional Issues, Burdens of Proof, Proof Beyond Reasonable Doubt, Trials, Jury Instructions, Objections, Defenses, Statute of Limitations, Preliminary Proceedings, Pretrial Motions & Procedures, Dismissal, Motions to Dismiss, Racketeering, Travel Act, Impossibility, Double Jeopardy, Double Jeopardy, Double Jeopardy Protection, Acquittals, Commencement of Criminal Proceedings, Collateral Estoppel, Tests for Double Jeopardy Protection, Attachment Jeopardy, Convictions, Motions for Acquittal