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United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
April 16, 2015, Argued; June 9, 2015, Decided
No. 14-1112 Consolidated with 14-1151, No. 14-1146
[*333] [**402] Kavanaugh, Circuit Judge: Petitioners are champing at the bit to challenge EPA's anticipated rule restricting carbon dioxide emissions from existing power plants. But EPA has not yet issued a final rule. It has issued only a proposed rule. Petitioners nonetheless ask the Court to jump into the fray now. They want us to do something that they candidly acknowledge we have never done before: review the legality of a proposed rule. But [*334] [**403] a proposed rule is just a proposal. In justiciable cases, ] this Court has authority to review the legality of final agency rules. We do not have authority to review proposed agency rules. In short, we deny the petitions for review and the petition for a writ of prohibition because the complained-of agency action is not final.
* * *
] On June 18, 2014, as part of the Executive Branch's efforts to tackle global warming, EPA proposed a rule to restrict carbon dioxide emissions from existing coal-fired and natural gas-fired [***8] power plants. See 79 Fed. Reg. 34,830, 34,830 (June 18, 2014). In the preamble to the proposed rule and in other statements about the proposed rule, EPA has explained that Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act supplies legal authority for EPA to restrict those emissions. See, e.g., id. at 34,852-53; see also 42 U.S.C. § 7411(d) (codifying Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act).
EPA published the proposed rule in the Federal Register and invited "further input through public comment on all aspects of this proposal." Id. at 34,835. The comment period has now closed, and EPA has received over two million comments. EPA has not yet issued a final rule but intends to do so this summer.
Petitioners here are Murray Energy Corporation, which is a coal company whose business would be negatively affected by a restriction on carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants, and the States of West Virginia, Alabama, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Nebraska, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, and Wyoming. Shortly after EPA issued its proposed rule, petitioners filed suit. According to petitioners, Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act does not grant EPA authority to limit carbon dioxide emissions from existing power plants. For that reason, petitioners ask the Court to enjoin EPA from issuing a final rule [***9] limiting those carbon dioxide emissions.
Full case includes Shepard's, Headnotes, Legal Analytics from Lex Machina, and more.
788 F.3d 330 *; 415 U.S. App. D.C. 399 **; 2015 U.S. App. LEXIS 9573 ***; 45 ELR 20110
IN RE: MURRAY ENERGY CORPORATION, PETITIONER;STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA, ET AL., PETITIONERS v. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, RESPONDENT, CITY OF NEW YORK, ET AL., INTERVENORS
Subsequent History: Rehearing denied by, Stay denied by West Virginia v. EPA, 2015 U.S. App. LEXIS 17158 (D.C. Cir., Sept. 29, 2015)
Rehearing, en banc, denied by West Virginia v. EPA, 2015 U.S. App. LEXIS 17160 (D.C. Cir., Sept. 29, 2015)
Rehearing denied by, Stay denied by In re Murray Energy Corp., 2015 U.S. App. LEXIS 17157 (D.C. Cir., Sept. 29, 2015)
Rehearing, en banc, denied by In re Murray Energy Corp., 2015 U.S. App. LEXIS 17161 (D.C. Cir., Sept. 29, 2015)
Prior History: [***1] On Petition For Writ of Prohibition and On Petition For Review.
On Petition for Review of an Order of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Writs, proposed rule, agency's action, final rule, emissions, mandamus, courts, settlement agreement, carbon dioxide, quotation, marks, writ of prohibition, judicial review, legal authority, power plant, equitable power, obligations, promulgated, equitable, petition for review, rulemaking, issuance
Administrative Law, Judicial Review, Reviewability, Reviewable Agency Action, Agency Rulemaking, General Overview, Environmental Law, Air Quality, Enforcement, Emission Standards, Stationary Emission Sources, Administrative Proceedings & Litigation, Judicial Review, Civil Procedure, Remedies, Writs, All Writs Act, Settlements, Settlement Agreements