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Law School Case Brief

Hillview Assocs. v. Bloomquist - 440 N.W.2d 867 (Iowa 1989)


Where the defendant raises an affirmative defense, the defendant has the burden of proving that defense by a preponderance of the evidence. In determining if the burden of proof is established, the court considers all evidence, both in support and contrary to the proposition, and then weighs each to determine which is more convincing.


Due to concerns over the physical condition of the mobile home park and rent increases, a number of tenants formed a tenants' association and met with the management to discuss the problems. One such meeting resulted in an altercation between the tenants and the regional manager of the park. The park then evicted the tenants after a forcible entry and detainer action. The lower court ordered the tenants removed without taking into consideration the tenants offering of substantial evidence of retaliatory termination. 


Did the lower court err in dismissing the tenants' substantial evidence of retaliatory termination?




The state supreme court reversed as to six tenants and affirmed as to two tenants. The court held that six of the tenants offered substantial evidence of retaliatory termination. They were active, vocal members of a newly formed tenants' association. They made good faith complaints about the mobile home park and, though they participated in the meeting where the regional manager was allegedly attacked, they did not encourage or participate in it. The tenant who did the attacking of the regional manager did not establish the affirmative defense of retaliatory termination.

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