A difference in the sexes justifies a difference in legislation and upholds that which is designed to compensate for some of the burdens which rest upon her.
Oregon enacted a law that limited women to ten hours of work in factories and laundries. Curt Muller, the owner of a laundry business, was fined when he violated the law. Muller appealed. The constitutionality of the law was upheld by the state supreme court.
Does an Oregon law that limits the hours that a woman are allowed to work, violate the Fourteenth Amendment?
The court reasoned that women needed protective legislation due to their social role in society.