In view of the clear legislative intent, Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C.S. § 2000d, must be held to proscribe only those racial classifications that would violate the Equal Protection Clause or the U.S. Const. amend. V.
A white male who had been denied admission to the medical school at the University of California at Davis for two consecutive years, instituted an action for declaratory and injunctive relief against the Regents of the University in the Superior Court of Yolo County, California, alleging the invalidity--under the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, a provision of the California Constitution, and the proscription in Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 USCS 2000d et seq.) against racial discrimination in any program receiving federal financial assistance--of the medical school's special admissions program under which only disadvantaged members of certain minority races were considered for 16 of the 100 places in each year's class.
Did the University of California violate the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection clause, and the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
The Court affirmed the holding that the University's special admissions program was unlawful and the order that the respondent, Bakke, be admitted to the medical school. The Court reversed that part of the judgment enjoining the University from any consideration of race in its admissions process. Race could be considered in admissions if it was factored in with other characteristics in a competitive process.