April was a remarkably busy month for Ponzi scheme news,
especially in India. Here is a summary of stories that were reported this
month. Be sure to read the international news, because Ponzi schemes are not
just limited to the U.S. Please feel free to post comments about these or other
Ponzi schemes that I may have missed. And please remember that I am just
relaying what's in the news, not writing or verifying it.
Thomas Armitage, 62, was sentenced to 10 years in connection
with a plea agreement regarding a $250 million real estate and investment Ponzi
scheme that defrauded about 2,000 investors. Armitage's co-defendant, James Stanley Koenig, is currently
standing trial. Another co-defendant, Jeffrey
A. Guidi, previously entered into a plea deal in which he agreed to testify
against the other two defendants and to pay $293,619 in restitution.
Arrington, 52, Michael Kratville,
52, and Michael Welke, 38, were
indicted on charges related to a $4 million Ponzi scheme that defrauded more
than 100 people. The three men told investors with Elite Management Holdings Corp. that returns of 4% to 6% were
guaranteed and that the investment was low risk because only 10% of their
principal investment would be invested at one time. It is alleged that the
three spent more than $700,000 for themselves, buying golf memberships and for
travel and dining.
Barkany, 29, was charged in connection with an alleged Ponzi
scheme that defrauded victims of more than $50 million. Barkany assured victims
in his real estate scheme that he would only close on real estate purchases
after he had located a buyer for the property at a higher price. Barkany had
allegedly told investors that he would invest their money in "risk-free"
investments in properties in New York City and Atlantic City and then sell the
properties at a profit.
Bitar, 41, pleaded guilty to charges in connection with an
internet Ponzi scheme known as Full Tilt
Poker. Bitar, the mastermind of the Full Tilt Ponzi scheme, struck a deal
with authorities because he is awaiting a heart transplant. He was immediately
sentenced to time already served since the court noted that his heart troubles
were so serious that prison would likely be a "sentence of death." Bitar is the
second of 11 senior partners of Full Tilt who have been charged. Howard Lederer and Christopher Ferguson are two of the biggest names allegedly
involved in the scheme.
Bluestein was barred from the investment industry and ordered to
pay more $4.4 million. The SEC accused Bluestein of raising more than $35
million that flowed to Edward May in
a Ponzi scheme. The victims thought they were investing in telecommunications.
and Tracy Brooks and their companies J. Brooks Financial and Brooks
Real Estate Holdings, of South Carolina, were accused of running a Ponzi
scheme for purposes of establishing a new school, Compass Academy. Instead of
investing the money as promised, the Brooks used the funds to repay a
promissory note on their house, to buy jewelry and to pay for other personal
Whileon Chay of New York and his company 4X Solutions were charged by
the CFTC in connection with a $4.8 million Ponzi scheme. The CFTC alleges that Chay
and 4X fraudulently solicited approximately $4.8 million from at least 19 pool
participants and promised them 24% to 36% returns per year. Instead of
investing money in Forex trading, Chay allegedly used the money for personal
expenses, including paying for luxury resorts, expensive restaurants, limousine
service and exotic car rentals.
Bradley Collins was ordered to repay $2.2 million in connection
with a Ponzi scheme that he ran, using his Christian beliefs to defraud
investors. Collins allegedly defrauded 129 victims of about $30 million,
sometimes dressing as a pastor to help convince his victims to invest. Collins
pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 8 years.
Beverly Joan DeRonde, 61, was sentenced to 48 months in prison and
ordered to pay about $680,000 in restitution for operating a Ponzi scheme that
involved over 70 individuals. DeRonde solicited loans, promising very high
returns, claiming she was using the money to help her husband start a boat
repair business and that she was going to buy her husband presents.
Donald DeWaay of Idaho was indicted in connection with his
activities through his company DeWaay Financial Network LLC, which
allegedly failed to conduct due diligence and misled investors in connection
with the DBSI Ponzi scheme that defrauded 8,500 investors. DeWaay and his
company are also the subject of a class action suit. DBSI had filed bankruptcy
in 2008 after losses on properties that were valued at more than $2 billion.
Also indicted were Douglas Swenson, Jeremy Swenson, and Mark
Jim Donnan, former University of Georgia football coach, was indicted, alongside Gregory
L. Crabtree, for operating a Ponzi scheme through GLC Limited, Inc.
aka Global Liquidation Center, a company dealing in closeout
merchandise. They sold short-term investments and promised returns of 50% to
200%. The SEC had filed a complaint last year alleging that Donnan and others
were operating an $80 million Ponzi scheme that allegedly defrauded 94
investors. Donnan and Crabtree both pleaded not guilty. It is alleged that
Donnan contributed $4.7 million to the scheme but took out more than $13
million. Crabtree allegedly took out at least $1.6 million.
Charlotte Durante, 68, was convicted of running a $1.8 million Ponzi
scheme. At her trial, she denied that she stole $1.8 million from mostly
African-Americans and Haitians. She said "It was never my intention, never a thought
in my mind, not to pay back the money." Durante said that all of the 83
investors knew their money was to be used to help her daughter establish the
Museum of Lifestyle and Fashion History. The prosecutor pointed out that none
of the 26 investors who testified said they had ever heard of the museum.
Rather, the investors testified that Durante promised 18% interest on their
investments and that she was using the money to help struggling families make
down payments on home loans. The model was that once the families got
conventional loans, she would return their money with interest.
David Friehling, Bernard Madoff's auditor, saw his sentence
postponed again, which is the sixth time since his 2009 guilty plea. Friehling
has pleaded guilty to nine federal charges of helping conceal Madoff's fraud. Friehling
never audited Madoff's business from 1991 to 2008, yet each year he told
federal regulators that Madoff's company had a "clean audit record." The delay
is because Friehling is expected to testify for prosecutors against Daniel
Bonventre and other former Madoff employees at a trial scheduled for Oct. 7.
Sean Healy was enjoined by the SEC from trading securities. Healy is serving a 15
year sentence for running a $20 million Ponzi scheme under the name Sand
Dollar Investing Partners that defrauded 50 investors.
Peter Heckmann, 53, pleaded guilty to charges in connection with a
$1 million Ponzi scheme in which he stole funds from Kaui residents by
promising them returns of 10% to 15% within 2 weeks for investing in his
recording studio. Heckmann had worked as a record producer and recording
engineer, claiming that his "Raining Heart Records" is a "World Music
record label." Heckmann had fled Hawaii when he learned of the charges against
him, but was captured in March.
Kane Jackson, 46, pleaded guilty to charges relating to a
$4 million Ponzi scheme he ran with his wife, Gina McGee, through a company called Highlands Capital Partners LP. They promised high yields through low-risk
investments in foreign currency exchanges. Many of the victims had invested
based on the recommendation of real estate agent and former Tiburon mayor, Kirk Hanson, who was under
investigation himself until his death ended the investigation. Gina McGee had
previously pleaded guilty in 2011 and has since been released from jail.
Jawed, 44, of
Oregon, pleaded guilty to charges in
connection with the Ponzi scheme that he ran through his adviser company, Grifphon Asset Management, which managed
Jawed's funds, Gripfhon Alpha Fund LP,
and Grifphon Iota Fund LP. Jawed has
agreed to forfeit $6.4 million in ill-gotten gains and make restitution to
investors. Jawed lured in over 100 investors and defrauded them of at least $37
million. Jawed allegedly spent millions of dollars of investor funds for his
personal use, including expenditures on luxury vacations, lavish meals, and the
payment of nearly $60,000 to settle a sexual harassment lawsuit.
Don Johnson, 43, from Oklahoma City, was sentenced to
118 months in prison and ordered to pay about $4.5 million in restitution in
connection with his securities Ponzi scheme run with William McKye. McKye was found guilty of securities fraud last year
for running a scheme through Global West
Funding Ltd., Co., Global West Financial LLC, Global West Financial LLC, Sure
Lock Financial LLC, Sure Lock Loans LLC, and The Wave-Goldmade Ltd. Johnson
used these businesses to market investment contracts whereby investors were
guaranteed a monthly rate of return from 6.5% to 20% for 6 to 60 months. About
115 victims were defrauded out of $4.5 million.
Lochmiller, Sr., 65, saw his conviction affirmed by the
Tenth Circuit, which rejected his arguments that his conviction should be
overturned due to prejudicial jury instructions and a lack of evidence.
Lochmiller was convicted of a scheme that he operated with his son, Philip Lochmiller, Jr. and Shawnee Carver, that defrauded over 400
investors out of $30 million.
H. Mason, 66, of North Carolina, has been charged with running a
$4.7 million Ponzi scheme that allegedly solicited victims to invest in the
foreign currency market. Mason solicited investments into his companies, JHM Forex Only Pool and Forex Trading at Home Association,
allegedly defrauding at least 500 investors. He allegedly established a website
so investors could access their online accounts, which reflected false profits.
Mason allegedly only put a portion of the investor money into foreign currency
exchange and used a substantial amount of the money to pay for personal and
business expenses and for real estate and cars.
Wilson McQueen of Michigan was jailed in connection with an
alleged $46.5 million Ponzi scheme after his bond was revoked because he
committed bank fraud while free on bond. McQueen allegedly defrauded about 800
victims and will remain jailed until his trial next year.
Milosevich, 67, of Wisconsin, was sentenced to 6½ years in prison
and ordered to pay $775,000 in restitution in connection with a Ponzi scheme
that defrauded 19 victims of about $2.8 million. Co-defendant Daniel Tepoel had previously been
sentenced to 11½ years for his role in the scheme. Milosevich and Tepoel had
solicited individuals to invest in "prime bank guarantees," which were bogus
instruments that did not actually exist.
Milton, the managing member of Trade LLC, was ordered to pay $10.8 million in restitution and $7.7
million in fines in connection with his $28 million Ponzi scheme that defrauded
about 2,000 investors through four investment clubs that used a supposed
proprietary software trading program. Trade LLC agreed to pay nearly $36.4
million in a consent order.
Montecastro, 40, saw his sentencing delayed until June.
Montecastro was convicted, along with his mother, Helen Pedrino, 61, for running a multimillion real estate Ponzi
scheme. The co-defendants had convinced investors to turn over control of their
assets, equity and charge cards for real estate and foreign currency investments.
Morrissett, 53, of Texas, pleaded guilty to charges in connection
with a Ponzi scheme that he ran through Red
Earth Resources and Alpine Petroleum
LLC. The oil and gas investment scheme defrauded victims of $6.8 million.
Neman aka Shervin
Davatgarzadeh, 31, was arrested on charges relating to a $3 million Ponzi
scheme that he ran through Neman
Financial, Inc., in which he falsely promised investors that their money
would be used to purchase foreclosed real estate and stocks, including pre-initial
public offering shares by Facebook, Groupon, LinkedIn and Angie's List. Neman's
scheme allegedly targeted primarily members of the Persian-Jewish community in
Los Angeles. The SEC had sued Neman in a civil action, and Neman was ordered
not to commit securities fraud. Yet, the very next month, Neman solicited $2
million from another victim, making false promises that he could obtain pre-IPO
shares in Facebook.
Ogden, 49, of Utah pleaded guilty to new charges related to
his involvement in a Ponzi scheme. This was his third conviction for charges
relating to different Ponzi schemes. Ogden admitted to running a scheme through
his real estate investment company, Paradigm
Acceptance LLC, and has agreed to pay at least $3.58 million in restitution.
Ogden had been convicted by a jury in February of other charges and, as part of
his plea agreement, prosecutors will recommend a 10 year sentence in that case
to run concurrently with a sentence from the new charges and will recommend that
Ogden be ordered to pay at least another $4.86 million in restitution. Ogden was
also been previously convicted of running a real estate Ponzi scheme in 1998,
defrauding 500 investors out of an estimated $7 million. Ogden had been barred
from soliciting investment funds and engaging in real estate investments
without permission from parole officers in connection with his release from
prison in 2000, yet he operated Empire
Investment Group in 2001 and
2002, leading to his return to prison for a parole violation.
Palladino, 52, pleaded not guilty to charges that she
participated in a Ponzi scheme alongside her husband, Steven Palladino, 55. Palladino was the bookkeeper for the business
she ran with her husband, Viking
Financial Group, Inc., which claimed to be a private lending company that
borrowed from investors and loaned that money out at a higher interest rate.
Palladino ran the back office and signed checks, but claims that she has just
been included because she is the wife of Steven Palladino. It is alleged that
the investors' money was used to buy vacations, cars, gambling trips, their
children's education, and rent and gifts for Steven's mistress.
Parrish sought a delay of his trial on charges relating to an
alleged a $9.2 million Ponzi scheme that defrauded about 70 investors and
promised them 60% returns. Parrish, who allegedly ran the scheme through his IV
Capital fund, is requesting copies of emails in which he allegedly communicated
with a government witness who handled deposits and withdrawals from a Bermuda
Pascua was indicted in connection with an alleged $1.4 million
Ponzi scheme that allegedly defrauded 29 Hawaiian families by promising them 25%
to 50% returns on their investment in his concert and promotion business known
as J2 Marketing Solutions.
F. Peterson was accused by the SEC of misusing a new law
known as the JOBS Act to lure investors into a scheme that promised investors
10-year returns of up to 1,300% for early investors. Peterson and his company, USA Real Estate Fund 1, did not have a
guaranteed investment product, nor were they affiliated with two Wall Street
firms that he said he had partnered with for future offerings. The complaint is
the first time that the SEC has accused someone of referring to the JOBS Act as
part of a fraudulent scheme. The SEC alleged that Peterson has raised $400,000
from 21 investors.
Sawano and his company, Providence
Financial Services, which does business as Integrity Financial Consulting, were the subject of a temporary
restraining order and asset freeze sought by the Colorado Securities
Commissioner accusing them of operating a Ponzi-like scheme. It is alleged that
Sawano and Integrity Financial Consulting defrauded approximately 26 clients
out of about $2.7 million, misrepresenting that the funds had been invested in
entities or products that, in reality, were defunct or non-existent. The
complaint also names three firms, RMC
Financial, LLC, Delta Real Estate Fund LTD, and Aspen Ridge Investments, Inc., as defendants, alleging that they
were used by Sawano as a conduit to funnel investor money to Sawano and
Integrity Financial Consulting.
Sunrise, a British company, and Inter Reef Ltd dba
Profitable Sunrise, were charged by the SEC with allegedly operating a
fraudulent scheme that took in tens of millions of dollars from tens of
thousands of investors. The companies promised investors that "with every
sunrise" they could profit, receiving daily returns ranging from 1.6% to 2.7%,
from the business of making loans to other businesses at higher rates. In some
instances, investors were promised returns of nearly 4,000%. The SEC named
several Czech Republic companies as relief defendants, which were used to
collect money from investors. These companies are Melland Company S.R.O.,
Solutions Company S.R.O., Color Shock S.R.O., and Fortuna K.S.R.O.
L. Ripley, 60, and Danny
Lee VanLiere, 61, pleaded no contest to charges in connection with a $9
million Ponzi scheme operated under the name of API Worldwide Holdings LLC. The scheme defrauded at least 140
victims of amounts ranging from $3,000 to $600,000 each by convincing mostly
elderly investors to cash their CD's that were maturing to invest them in API.
N. Schmickle, 37, who had been sentenced to 3 years in
prison, was ordered to pay $3.6 million in restitution along with his company, Q Wealth Management, and to pay a fine
of $1.5 million. The order, obtained by the CFTC, finds that Schmickle, Q
Wealth, and his commodity pool operator company, Aquinas SF, operated a commodity futures Ponzi scheme. He defrauded
10 pool participants by fabricating false account statements and tax forms that
showed fake investment gains.
Charles Solomon was arrested in connection with an alleged
Ponzi scheme that he ran which guaranteed investment returns of as much as 15%.
In order to lure in investor funds, Solomon claimed he was the director of Alpha Omega Funds LLC and senior
managing partner of SolomonKeegan Group.
Instead of investing the funds, he used the funds to pay tuition at a private
school and for rent.
Soteriou pleaded guilty to charges in connection with a Ponzi
scheme run with his filmmaker partner, Malcolm
Parker. Parker also pleaded guilty to separate charges. The scheme involved
investments of about $28 million in a film called "Birth of Innocence." Only
about $700,000 of investor funds went to make the movie. It is alleged that
millions of dollars went to make Ponzi scheme payments, and about $3.8 million
went to underwrite Soteriou's spiritual journey of trying to reach a higher
level of spiritual consciousness.
Sullivan II, 45, has asked for dismissal of the SEC case
against him relating to his role in the Ponzi scheme of Bridge Premium Finance run by Michael
Turnock. Sullivan had entered into a settlement with the SEC but declined
to admit or deny the allegations against him in the settlement itself. The
court did not approve the settlement, which had provided for payment of a
$130,000 penalty and payment of $94,000 in scheme profits. The court declined
to reconsider its refusal to accept the settlement without an admission, so now
Sullivan is saying he is innocent, is asking for dismissal, and is asking that
all of the monies in his accounts be unfrozen and returned to him.
Walsh was barred from tapping $3.7 million from the sale of
his house to fund his criminal defense. The Second Circuit found that Walsh had
used tainted funds to acquire the property. Walsh is accused of running a Ponzi
scheme through his broker-dealer company, WG
Trading Investors LP, that allegedly defrauded victims of about $554
L. Waters, 63, was sentenced to 17 years and ordered to pay over
$9 million in restitution on charges relating to a Ponzi scheme run through his
securities company, A.L. Waters Capital,
LLC. He obtained about $839,000 from investors by selling units in a sham
investment, and also defrauded coin customers by obtaining millions of dollars
by selling coins at inflated prices.
Viktoria Wilson, 24, was ordered to stand trial for lying to
investigators about her husband's whereabouts. Her husband, Joel I. Wilson, 30, is accused of
defrauding investors through an investment company called The Diversified Group. Joel Wilson told investors that he would use
their funds to purchase distressed properties, refurbish them, and sell them
for a profit. It is believed that about $10 million was invested in the scheme.
INTERNATIONAL PONZI SCHEME NEWS
Robert Sellars, 76, pleaded guilty to charges in connection with a
$35 million Ponzi scheme that promised about 350 people, many of whom were
clients of his former insurance business, Sellars Financial Inc., to
invest in a scheme that promised annual returns of 15 to 36%. Some investors
were told that their money was being invested in gold mining operations and
European money markets.
The Nova Scotia Securities
Commission is investigating Douglas C. Rudolph, Peter A. D. Mill and CFG*CN
Ltd., which is also known as Canglobe Financial Group and Canglobe
International Capital Inc., each of which are the subject of a cease-trade
order. It is alleged that Rudolph and Mill "directly or indirectly, promoted
high yield returns on investments in the securities of CanGlobe International
Capital Inc. and/or CFG*CN Ltd. to investors resident in Nova Scotia and
elsewhere through word of mouth and personal invitation." It is further alleged
that Rudolph made cash withdrawals from the account, transferred money to his
personal account, paid personal expenses, and paid law firms and accounting
Sudipta Sen, the man accused of running a massive Ponzi scheme under the name Saradha
Group, was arrested. It is reported that the scheme raised more than $3.5
billion from about 250,000 investors, by promising poor and middle-class
investors in India returns as high as 40%. If true, the scheme is one of the
largest schemes ever in India. The Saradha Group had interests in real estate,
tour groups, newspapers and television stations, and owned approximately 100
companies. Many of the
companies were incorporated in a one-week period in January 2011, and they
shared a common address: 455 Diamond Harbour Road, Behala, Kolkata. They each
listed working capital of Rs. 5 lakh each ($9,196), and their email addresses
were the same. India's market regulator, the Securities and Exchange Board of
India (SEBI), began investigating the Saradha Group in 2010. SEBI ordered one
of the companies run by Saradha Group, Saradha Reality, to wind up
operations in three months. Saradha Reality had installment plans ranging from
12 to 60 month, where the minimum investment was Rs 100 per month. At the end
of the investment period, the investor had the option of getting an allotment
of land, a flat, or a refund of the invested principal plus returns that
averaged between 12% and 24%. Sen was otherwise able to run the scheme by
providing glossy brochures, high returns of 15% to 50%, and he had an estimated 250,000 to 350,000 people investing
their money and bringing others into the scheme for 15% to 40% commissions. The
starting amount for investment was as little as 100 rupees ($1.83), and
promises of land and holiday packages were made to investors.
The Crime Investigation
Department of the state of Andhra Pradesh have warned prospective investors
against investing in what appears to be a Ponzi scheme run by Russian Sergey
Mavrodi, who founded Mavrodi Mondial Moneybox India last year. New
reports state that Mavrodi describes his program as "a Community of people who
are changing the world" and, as "people who have no guarantee of repayment of
their funds." According to its website, investors in MMM India must exchange at
least Rs 5,000 ($90) into a Mavrodi-invented currency called the Mavro to join
the scheme. Mavrodi had been arrested in 2003 and sentenced by a Russian court
in 2007 on fraud-related charges relating to an earlier scheme he ran in the
Soviet Union. Mavrodi was released in 2007 because he had served most of his
sentence in pretrial custody. Mavrodi then set up MMM branches in Russia,
Ukraine, the Baltic States and others, with his website stating that he had the
hope of "destroying the global financial system."
The Ponzi scheme of Abhay
Gandhi has now reached the size of Rs 100 crore, although previously
thought to be Rs 4 crore. Gandhi was arrested last November, and investigators
have been analyzing the losses and the property owned by Ghandi.
The Securities and Exchange
Board of India stopped a bid by a West Bengal company, Sumangal Industries,
to sell an unregistered potato bond scheme that promised returns ranging from
20% to 100% in 15 months. The scheme would collect funds from investors to
purchase potatoes from the market on behalf of the investors when the price is
low, preserve them in cold storage, and then later sell them when the market
Qutubuddin alias Raja Nizamuddin Saiyad was arrested from his house for
running a scheme that promised investors 15% on their investments and by hiring
agents and promising to pay them a 5% commission for attracting investors. Saiyed
had fled to Dubai and been on the run for a year until his recent arrest.
The Securities and Exchange
Board of India issued an alert warning of a goat-rearing Ponzi scheme. The Sheep
Husbandry Department was promising 2% monthly returns and to double
investors' money in 3 to 4 years. This is not the only recent goat Ponzi scheme
to hit India. Just last year, the scheme of Beetal Livestock & Farm was
disclosed, in which investors were told that they could double their money by
purchasing a goat and that the goat would bear four kids per year on average.
The West Bengal Police's crime
investigation department arrested Tarun Trikha, the main promoter of TVI
Express, that lured in investors promising huge cash returns for finding
new investors to join the scheme.
A new financial code has been
proposed by the B N Srikrishna Commission to change the meaning of "financial
products" and "financial services." The proposal is that once a product is
classified as a "financial product," the code would require that it be registered
under the relevant laws and follow consumer-protection norms in order to stop
illegal investment schemes.
NEWSWORTHY LEGAL ISSUES IN PENDING PONZI
Eight victims of the $400
million Agape World Ponzi scheme run by Nicholas Cosmos obtained
a $4.1 million judgment against two of Cosmo's sub-brokers, Martin C. Hartmann
III and Laura Ann Tordy. The sub-brokers worked for brokers to help them
solicit investors and received commissions from the brokers. The court found
that Hartmann and Tordy were liable to the plaintiffs for selling them a total
of $1.36 million of phony investments in Agape World and receiving more than $3
million in commissions.
The Moss Adams accounting firm
was sanctioned for not complying with a bankruptcy trustee's subpoena for
documents related to Frederick Darren Berg's Meridian Mortgage $100
million real estate investment Ponzi scheme. A court ruled that Moss Adams did
not fully comply with a 2010 subpoena and must compensate the trustee for the
cost of the legal battle to get the information. Moss Adams had audited some of
the Meridian Mortgage funds and also did Berg's personal taxes. The trustee had
sued Moss Adams for negligence in the preparation of the audits of six Meridian
funds between 2001 and 2007. The trustee believes that the sanctions will be in
excess of $250,000. Moss Adams blamed a copying firm for not delivering some
boxes of its documents. The court found that Moss Adams failed to preserve
emails on the company's Outlook server after receiver served the subpoena. The
trustee contended that the documents could provide information useful to his
suit against Moss Adams, which seeks $150 million.
Investors in the GLR Growth
Fund Ponzi scheme run by John Geringer, Christopher Luck and Keith
Rode, have filed a lawsuit against Santa Cruz County Bank, alleging
misrepresentation and conspiracy to commit fraud. Investors say that they
decided to invest after speaking with Santa Cruz County Bank Vice President
Chuck Maffia, who was listed on the fund's marketing materials as a banking
reference. The lawsuit further alleges the bank "knew fraud was being
committed by Geringer, Luck and Rode" because the GLR Growth Fund had an
account at the bank overseen by Maffia. Greinger, Luck and Rode have pleaded
innocent to charges in connection with the $60 million investment fund that
they were allegedly operating as a Ponzi scheme.
The trustee of the Bernard
Madoff made a third distribution to victims in the amount of $506 million.
The payments are made to 1,103 Madoff account holders and the average check
will be for about $459,000. The Trustee has recovered about $9.3 billion so far,
and this payment brings the total distributed to about 58% of that amount.
The Second Circuit ruled that
investors of Bernard Madoff cannot sue the SEC for its failure in
uncovering the Ponzi scheme. The court ruled that the "discretionary function"
exception to a law permitting people to sue the U.S. government applies to the
cases filed by the Madoff victims. The court stated: "Despite our sympathy for
plaintiffs' predicament (and our antipathy for the SEC's conduct), Congress's
intent to shield regulatory agencies' discretionary use of specific
investigative powers" defeats the investors' claims. The lower court had
dismissed claims of Phyllis Molchatsky and Steven Schneider who had sued the
SEC for grossly negligent oversight of Madoff's firm.
A court ruled that the New York
Attorney General Eric Schneiderman can proceed with a $410 million settlement
with J. Ezra Merkin, overruling the Bernard Madoff trustee's efforts to
stay the Attorney General's settlement. The trustee had argued that only he can
sue investors who allegedly participated in the Madoff fraud. The New York
Attorney General had sued Merkin to pay investors in his hedge funds that were
not otherwise going to be paid by the trustee because they were not Madoff
customers. The court found that the trustee had waited too long to seek a stay
of the litigation and "had lost his right to complain."
Defrauded investors Thomas Carroll
and Kimberly Baker in the $7 million Ponzi scheme run by Lizette Morice
through her real estate investment firm, Gaddel Enterprises Inc., were
granted permission to sue other investors who profited from the scheme. Morice
allegedly told mortgage brokers and individual investors that Gaddel purchased
foreclosed properties and resold them to large corporations at a profit and
that investors could share in the profits for a minimum contribution of $1,000.
No real estate transactions ever took place. The court granted summary judgment
against three insider investors named in the lawsuit who profited from the
scheme. The lawsuit sought the return of the investment profits and principal,
as well as salaries and commissions. In an earlier ruling, the court declined
to grant summary judgment against two other investors, finding that there was a
dispute as to whether they knew of the scheme.
Wells Fargo Bank NA and
Wachovia Bank NA succeeded in having claims for aiding and abetting dismissed,
which had been brought against them by the receiver of Arthur Nadel's
Ponzi scheme estate. The court found that the receiver had not demonstrated
that the banks actually knew about the scheme. However, other claims for
negligence and unjust enrichment withstood the motion to dismiss.
Lorence Harmer, the former
chief executive officer of Polaroid, has been sued by both the receiver in the Thomas
Petters case and the bankruptcy trustee for Polaroid for nearly $6 million.
Harmer was responsible for locating manufacturing facilities in China, which he
did, but it was later revealed that he had received kickbacks from a Chinese
manufacturer totaling over $5 million. Harmer had signed a promissory note to
repay these amounts, but the Ponzi scheme was revealed before he had made any
payments. The Petters receiver also contends that Harmer received nearly
$500,000 in bonuses and fees to create the appearance of legitimacy in the
business and that Harmer knew or should have known that Petters was a fraud.
Ted Mondale, executive director
of the Minnesota Sports Facilities Authority and the son of Vice President
Walter Mondale, has agreed to return $50,000 to the receiver of the Thomas
Petters case to resolve a $150,000 clawback case pending against him. Petters
had made a personal loan to Mondale at 10% which was due in 2006 but was never
defendants of Scott Rothstein, including Frank
Preve, were denied access to the notes of bankruptcy trustee Herbert
Stettin that were written in connection with Stettin's deposition of Scott
Rothstein. The trustee has sued Preve and others for the return of fraudulent
transfers. The defendants argued that, even though they had been permitted to
take their own deposition of Rothstein, they hadn't been given enough time. The
trustee argued that prior court orders prohibited the disclosure of the notes
from the interview and they were protected by attorney-work product in any
event. The court agreed, finding that the defendants had not show good cause
for modifying the court's orders preventing disclosure.
TD Bank's settlement tab
continued to grow in connection with settlements of litigation related to the Scott
Rothstein Ponzi scheme. TD Bank has now paid at least $330.2 million in
settlements, the three newest of which are: $33 million to a group of investors
known as the FEP victims; $18.5 million to the family of auto dealer Ed Morse;
and $700,000 to three investors - Platinum Estates, Opmonies2, and Jonathan
Brush. A plan proposed by the trustee for Rothstein former law firm, Rothstein
Rosendfeldt Adler, would allow TD Bank a claim of $132 million that it could
recover if more money comes into the estate.
The wife of Scott Rothstein,
Kim Rothstein, 39, has obtained a 3 month delay in her sentencing for a
conspiracy charge so that she can testify in a related case. Kim faces up to 5
years in prison for concealing and trying to sell more than $1 million in jewelry,
and she could get a reduced sentence in return for cooperation with prosecutors
in the trial of the two men accused of helping sell the jewelry.
The claim of former U.S. Sen.
Alfonse D'Amato of New York was disallowed in the bankruptcy case of Rothstein
Rosenfeldt Adler. D'Amato had filed a $1 million claim arising from his
investment in a fund that had in turn invested in the Rothstein Ponzi scheme.
D'Amato had invested $1 million with the Banyan Income Fund, which had invested
over $775 million with Rothstein. Banyan had filed its own bankruptcy, and
D'Amato had already filed a claim in the Banyan bankruptcy, so the Rothstein
court found that the claim in the Rothstein bankruptcy was duplicative. D'Amato
had not filed a response to the Rothstein trustee's objection to his claim.
The receiver in the Allen
Stanford case asked permission to make a $55 million interim distribution
to about 17,000 claimants. The payment amounts to about a 1% distribution to
creditors in the $5.1 billion Ponzi scheme.
The Allen Stanford receiver
also asked for approval of an accord he has reached with the Antiguan
court-appointed liquidators in connection with a battle over control of $300
million of assets outside of the U.S. The agreement would result in payment to the
Antiguan liquidators of fees of $36 million from Stanford's frozen funds in the
U.K. and payment to the Justice Department and the Stanford receiver of about
$23 million in Canadian funds and $132.5 million in Swiss funds.
The SEC continues to seek to find
Allen Stanford civilly liable for his multi-billion Ponzi scheme and is
pursing summary judgment on its civil claims. Stanford has asked for a time
extension so that he can obtain sealed exhibits from his criminal trial.
The Second Circuit issued a ruling
that impacts the manner of distribution of funds to defrauded victims in the
Ponzi scheme case of Westridge Capital Management, Inc., WG Trading Company
LP, and WG Trading Investors LP, run by Steven Walsh, 67, and
Paul Greenwood, 64. One group of investors had opposed the receiver's
distribution plan because it offered identical treatment to different types of
investors who had assumed different levels of risk, and another group of
investors had objected to the plan, contending that a constant dollar adjustment
should be made to their claims to adjust for inflation for longer-terms
investors. The Second Circuit affirmed the lower court's ruling which had
overruled both of those objections and affirmed the pro rata net investment plan proposed by the receiver.
The receiver of ZeekRewards
posted a letter on his website stating that net winner investors have until May
31, 2013 to negotiate a settlement of the receiver's fraudulent transfer claims
against them for the profits they received. The statement came with a warning
that "The time for court action is drawing closer." He threatened: "I am
sending this message to make sure that net-winners understand that there is an
opportunity for settlement, but that the window for the opportunity is
closing." The receiver has determined that about 80,000 users of the program
appear to have profited, while about 840,000 appear to have lost money.
The ZeekRewards receiver
also asked the court to deny objections to his proposal to establish a claims
process. The objections to the claims process were filed by counsel for a
parallel class action filed on behalf of Zeek victims. The objecting parties
complained that the proposed notices to be sent to interested parties violated
attorney rules of professional conduct by permitted the receiver to communicate
directly with parties who are already represented by counsel. The receiver
refuted this claim, noting that the rules are intended to protect adverse
parties, which is different from the claims process which is designed to help
these parties. The receiver also refuted the objecting parties' accusation that
he was somehow seeking to limit a claimant's access to legal representation,
noting that any claimants are free to seek the assistance of counsel. Finally,
the objecting parties complained that the proposed release sought in the Claims
Process is improper. The receiver responded by noting that, as part of the
claims process, and in exchange for receiving pro rata distributions, the
claimants would be required to release claims against the receiver and the
receivership estate, not against the current or former Zeek employees or
Read additional articles at The Ponzi Scheme
Kathy Bazoian Phelps is the co-author of The Ponzi Book: A Legal
Resource for Unraveling Ponzi Schemes (LexisNexis 2012), along with
Hon. Steven Rhodes. The Ponzi Book, recently reviewed by the ABI Journal and Commercial
Crime International, is available for purchase at www.lexisnexis.com/ponzibook,
and more information about the book can be found at www.theponzibook.com.
Watch Kathy's interview on the The Not So Legal Show.
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