Long-term Care Partnership Program and Medicaid

Long-term Care Partnership Program and Medicaid

Long-term care partnership programs encourage the purchase of private long-term care insurance as the primary source of funding of long-term care for the participant.  This is because the program enables insurers to offer specially crafted long-term care insurance policies that increase a family's ability to protect part of the family's life savings if long-term care services are needed.  For every dollar that a long-term care partnership insurance policy pays out in benefits, it protects this amount for one who eventually exhausts the policy's proceeds and then requires Medicaid assistance.

The Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (DRA) lifted a long-standing moratorium on long-term care partnership programs for states in addition to the four states that had programs in place prior to May 14, 1993.  Virginia submitted a state plan amendment to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) for approval, and CMS approved the state plan amendment.  The Virginia Department of Medical Assistance Services worked with the Bureau of Insurance, the Virginia Department for the Aging, the Virginia Department of Social Services, industry representatives, and others to ensure that state and federal requirements were met, and that the program was designed to best meet the needs of Virginians.  As a result of this effort, the Virginia Partnership program was launched on September 1, 2007.  Individuals are now able to purchase partnership policies, but many may not understand how the asset protection feature works.

Section M1460.160 of the Virginia Medicaid Manual describes Long-Term Care Partnership policies and the documentation required to be submitted with Medicaid Applications.  For single individuals, the amount the policy paid out in benefits is disregarded when determining eligibility for Medicaid.  For example, if a single individual has $260,000 in resources, and his or her partnership policy paid out $250,000 in benefits, then the $250,000 in benefits are disregarded, and the individual now has $10,000 in countable resources.  Medicaid Manual Section M1480 details how the partnership policies affect the calculations for eligibility for institutionalized individuals with a community spouse.  The partnership policy disregard is not applicable to the resource assessment for such couples.  This is good news for couples.

For example, if a couple has $200,000 in countable resources, then the community spouse's share would equal one-half of this amount, or $100,000.  The institutionalized spouse's share is $2,000, leaving $98,000 in excess resources.  If the institutionalized spouse had a partnership policy that had paid out $100,000 in benefits, then that amount would be subtracted from the excess resources, and the institutionalized spouse would be eligible for Medicaid.  Please note that only the institutionalized spouse's partnership policy benefits can be disregarded in this calculation.  If the community spouse received partnership policy benefits for care at home, for example, then those benefits could only be disregarded if the community spouse applied for Medicaid for himself or herself.

If the partnership policy disregard was applicable to the resource assessment, which fortunately it is not, then the result would be different.  Using the same example, the couple has $200,000 in countable resources, and $100,000 in partnership policy benefits paid to the institutionalized spouse.  If the partnership policy was applicable to the resource assessment, then the $100,000 would be subtracted from the $200,000 total countable resources, leaving $100,000 in countable resources.  The community spouse's share would be one-half of this total, or $50,000, and the institutionalized spouse's share would be $2,000, leaving $48,000 in countable resources that would have to be spent down or converted to exempt resources.  This is a significant difference that will not apply to couples in Virginia, and it illustrates the valuable impact that partnership policies can have if an individual requires Medicaid assistance after he or she has exhausted the policy's benefits.

Long-term care partnership programs offer states and individuals the opportunity to save Medicaid dollars by sharing long-term care costs with the private sector.  These partnership programs promote greater individual self-reliance and choice, stimulate the expansion of the long-term care insurance market, and allow individuals to protect a portion or all of their assets.


Oast & Hook has been providing quality legal services in Southeastern Virginia and North Carolina for more than 80 years. The attorneys at Oast & Hook can assist clients with their estate, financial, insurance, long-term care, veterans' benefits and special needs planning issues. Visit their website at www.oasthook.com for more information.

Sandra Smith

Sandra L. Smith joined the firm in 2003. She practices primarily in the areas of elder law, estate planning, estate and trust administration, special needs planning, asset protection planning, long-term care planning and Veterans' benefits. Ms. Smith is certified as an Elder Law Attorney (CELA) by The National Elder Law Foundation (NELF).

In 2008, Ms. Smith was named as a Rising Star by Virginia Super Lawyers magazine. Rising Stars names the state's top up-and-coming attorneys.