Matter of Chavez-Alvarez, Int. Dec. No. 3797, 26 I&N Dec. 274 (BIA 2014)

Matter of Chavez-Alvarez, Int. Dec. No. 3797, 26 I&N Dec. 274 (BIA 2014)

Matter of Chavez-Alvarez, Int. Dec. No. 3797, 26 I&N Dec. 274 (BIA 2014)

(1) Adjustment of status constitutes an “admission” for purposes of determining an alien’s removability under section 237(a)(2)(A)(iii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1227(a)(2)(A)(iii) (2012), as an alien convicted of an aggravated felony “at any time after admission.”

(2) An element listed in a specification in the Manual for Courts-Martial (“MCM”) must be pled and proved beyond a reasonable doubt and thus is the functional equivalent of an “element” of a criminal offense for immigration purposes.

(3) The crime of sodomy by force in violation of article 125 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, 10 U.S.C. § 925 (2000), and the Punitive Articles of the MCM relating to sodomy, is a crime of violence under 18 U.S.C. § 16 (2012) within the definition of an aggravated felony under section 101(a)(43)(F) of the Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1101(a)(43)(F)(2012).