"In 2012, the Office of Chief Administrative Hearing Officer (OCAHO) issued 21 decisions. Of the 21 decisions, 11 were substantive decisions concerning alleged violations of the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA), six decisions involved Office of Special Counsel issues and four decisions were procedural. There are several trends or common themes in the 11 substantive decisions. The most obvious trend is the level of success that employers had in reducing the amounts of the fines/penalties sought by Immigration Customs and Enforcement (ICE). In seven of the 11 cases, the issue of the amount of fines was litigated and Employers averaged a reduction of approximately 45%." - Bruce Buchanan, Jan. 31, 2013.