"From October 2007 through September 2011, more than 460,000 deportations were carried out under reinstatements across the country, shows an analysis of U.S. Department of Homeland Security records by The Chicago Reporter. Like Monreal, these immigrants were deported without the opportunity to appear before an immigration judge. More than 8,300 of these reinstatements came in the Chicago “area of responsibility,” overseen by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, an agency of homeland security. In recent years, Immigration and Customs Enforcement has been deporting more and more immigrants by bypassing formal court proceedings, the Reporter found. Reinstatement is one of several legal strategies devised for this effort. Others are known as “administrative orders,” “expedited removals,” “stipulated order of removals,” “visa waiver removals” and “voluntary returns.” All of these procedures enable speedy deportations without a judicial hearing." - María Inés Zamudio, Chicago Reporter, May 1, 2013.