A Continued Humanitarian Crisis at the Border: Report

A Continued Humanitarian Crisis at the Border: Report

"A report released June 5 by the Binational Migration Institute at the University of Arizona answers key questions about migrant deaths in Southern Arizona since 1990.

Authored by researchers from the Binational Migration Institute as well as from the Pima County
 Office of the Medical Examiner, or PCOME, the report finds that deaths during migration in
 Southern Arizona have not decreased despite the overall decrease in unauthorized migration 
border-wide.


The report finds that the "death rate" (the number of deaths per 100,000 Border Patrol 
apprehensions of unauthorized migrants) has increased exponentially in Border Patrol's Tucson
 sector since the early 2000s.


The report, titled, "A Continued Humanitarian Crisis at the Border: Undocumented Border
 Crosser Deaths Recorded by the Pima County Office of the Medical Examiner, 1990-2012," includes data on more than 2, 200 decedents examined by the PCOME and believed to be undocumented border crossers, or UBCs.

The interdisciplinary report was co-authored by researchers and professionals from the
 disciplines of sociology, cultural and forensic anthropology, Mexican American studies and
 pathology. 
Key findings on changes over time:


  • Migrants from countries other than Mexico – mostly Central Americans – have 
increased from 9 percent of all deaths between 2000-05 to 17 percent in the 2006-12 time 
period.

  • The number of female migrants examined by the PCOME rose from 13 percent of all deaths 
between 1990-99 to 23 percent in the 2000-05 era, and then leveled off at 16 percent in the 
time period covering 2006-12.

  • When comparing the number of human remains discovered to the number of Border Patrol
 apprehensions of unauthorized migrants, the rate of migrant deaths per 100,000
 apprehensions in 2011 was nearly double what it was in 2009.
" - UA News, June 5, 2013.