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CA9 on 'clear error' - Lopez Rodriguez v. Holder

"The Board of Immigration Appeals’ (BIA or Board) governing regulations limit its scope of review of an immigration judge’s (IJ) factual findings. Under 8 C.F.R. § 1003.1(d)(3)(i), (iv), the BIA may only review findings of fact for clear error, and is prohibited from making its...

CA9 on Clear Error: Zumel v. Lynch

"Assuming that intent under § 1182(a)(3)(B)(iii)(V)(b) is a factual question, the BIA here erred in failing to apply the clear error standard of review to the IJ’s resolution of the intent issue. ... Because the BIA did not acknowledge the proper standard of review, ignored facts found...