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CRS on Unauthorized Aliens Residing in the United States: Estimates Since 1986

Unauthorized Aliens Residing in the United States: Estimates Since 1986 Ruth Ellen Wasem, Specialist in Immigration Policy, Congressional Research Service September 22, 2011 RL33874 - CRS Report for Congress - Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress

Border Security: Immigration Enforcement Between Ports of Entry

"[E]nhanced border enforcement may have contributed to a number of secondary costs and benefits. To the extent that border enforcement successfully deters illegal entries—an effect that is also difficult to measure since deterrence ultimately involves decisions made in towns and villages far...

Side door to CRS Reports and Issue Briefs

Frustrated by not having access to the latest Congressional Research Service reports and issue briefs? In addition to perennial favorite Open CRS , the State Department also comes to the rescue with a portal that includes many immigration- and border-related reports and issue briefs. You have to toggle...

CRS on Detainers

"Further judicial developments pertaining to immigration detainers may be likely, as both the use of and challenges to detainers increase. In particular, future decisions could help clarify whether the issuance of detainers for offenses not involving controlled substances is beyond DHS’s statutory...

CRS on Immigration of Temporary Lower-Skilled Workers

"U.S. employers in various industries argue that they need to hire foreign workers to perform low-skilled jobs. A threshold question about importing temporary lower-skilled workers, sometimes referred to as guest workers, is whether U.S. employers need foreign workers for lower-skilled positions...

Permanent Legal Immigration to the United States: Policy Overview

"If the 113th Congress takes up comprehensive immigration reform (CIR), many maintain that revision of the legal immigration system should be one of the major components of a CIR proposal. This primer on legal permanent immigration law, policies, and trends provides a backdrop for the policy options...

CRS on Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Enforcement: Legal Issues

"Regardless of whether it is characterized as “prosecutorial discretion” or “enforcement discretion,” immigration officers are generally seen as having wide latitude in determining when, how, and even whether to pursue apparent violations of the INA. This latitude is similar...

Unauthorized Aliens: Policy Options for Providing Targeted Immigration Relief

"To help inform policy discussions about addressing the unauthorized alien population in these targeted ways, this report will analyze components of the unauthorized population and discuss policy options to provide relief to selected subgroups of particular congressional and public interest."...

Marc Rosenblum, CRS: What Would a Secure Border Look Like?

"The relationship between border security and unauthorized migration is a key issue for many people interested in immigration reform. Two questions loom large in this discussion: how many unauthorized migrants enter the United States? Of those attempting entry, how many does U.S. Customs and Border...

U.S. Immigration Policy: Chart Book of Key Trends

"This report is a chart book of selected immigration trends that touch on the main elements of comprehensive immigration reform (CIR). Most policymakers agree that the main issues in CIR include increased border security and immigration enforcement, improved employment eligibility verification,...

Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures

"In 2009, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued new guidance on immigration-related worksite enforcement. Under the guidelines, DHS “will use all available civil and administrative tools, including civil fines and debarment, to penalize and deter illegal employment.” According...

Unlawfully Present Aliens, Driver’s Licenses, and Other State-Issued ID: Select Legal Issues

By Kate M. Manuel. Legislative Attorney, and Michael John Garcia, Legislative Attorney, Congressional Research Service, March 28, 2014 .

CRS on ICE Detainers / Holds

"[T]his report surveys the various authorities governing immigration detainers, including the standard detainer form (Form I-247) sent by ICE to other law enforcement agencies. The report also discusses key legal issues raised by immigration detainers, including (1) whether DHS’s detainer...

Unaccompanied Alien Children - Legal Issues: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

"Recent reports about the increasing number of alien minors apprehended at the U.S. border without a parent or legal guardian have prompted numerous questions about so-called unaccompanied alien children (UACs). Some of these questions pertain to the numbers of children involved, their reasons for...

Unaccompanied Alien Children: Current Law Governing Removal from the United States and Selected Legislative Proposals

"Recent reports about the increasing number of alien minors apprehended at the U.S. border without a parent or guardian sparked heightened attention on the treatment of “unaccompanied alien children” (UACs) under federal immigration law. In recent weeks, several legislative proposals...

CRS - The Obama Administration’s November 2014 Immigration Initiatives: Questions and Answers

The Obama Administration’s November 2014 Immigration Initiatives: Questions and Answers - Kate M. Manuel, Legislative Attorney, November 24, 2014 .

CRS on Border Security

"Drawing on multiple data sources, the report suggests conclusions about the state of border security. Robust investments at the border were not associated with reduced illegal inflows during the 1980s and 1990s, but a range of evidence suggests a substantial drop in illegal inflows in 2007-2011...

CRS on Immigration Detainers: From S-Comm to PEP

"Numerous questions about immigration detainers have been raised recently as a result of the Secure Communities program. These questions include (1) whether DHS’s detainer regulations and practices are beyond its statutory authority; (2) whether states and localities are required to comply...

CRS on Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures

"The data provided here on Final Orders, administrative fines, administrative and criminal arrests, criminal indictments and prosecutions, and criminal fines offer a way to assess DHS’s worksite enforcement strategy over the years and in its current form. More broadly, it can be argued that...

ICE Immigration Enforcement Efforts Reach Less Than 0.02% of U.S. Employers - CRS Report

"Despite the increases in recent years ... the number of Final Orders for civil money penalties remains very low relative to the number of U.S. employers. Employers receiving Final Orders in FY2014, as shown in Table 1, represent less than .02% of U.S. employers." - Immigration-Related Worksite...

Temporary Professional, Managerial, and Skilled Foreign Workers: Policy and Trends - CRS Report

Congressional Research Service, Jan. 13, 2016 - "Temporary visas for professional, managerial, and skilled foreign workers have become an important gateway for high-skilled immigration to the United States. Over the past two decades, the number of visas issued for temporary employment-based admission...

CRS on Unaccompanied Alien Children (May 11, 2016)

CRS, May 11, 2016 - "Unaccompanied alien children are defined in statute as children who: lack lawful immigration status in the United States; are under the age of 18; and are without a parent or legal guardian in the United States or without a parent or legal guardian in the United States who is...