I've been getting a lot of questions lately about a common 1L concern: How much time should you spend getting ready for class?
It's going to vary a bit, of course, depending on how much reading your professor assigns in each class, but we can come up with some reasonable guidelines, I think.
How Much Time is Too Much?
One school of thought says you can never spend too much time preparing for class. More is always better, right?
It's important to keep in mind that class prep is only one piece of the puzzle.
You need time now to review your notes and think about the material and - very soon - you'll need time to prepare exam prep materials, take practice exams, and work on your writing skills.
If you're spending all of your waking hours just getting ready for class (and going to class) when are you going to do these other - arguably more important - things?
I think we can safely say you can spend too much time preparing for class, if you don't have time to do anything else. (And "anything else" includes important tasks such as hanging out with your friends, going to the gym, and vegging out in front of the TV every now and then.)
How Much Time is Too Little?
On the other side of the spectrum, some law students believe that they can spend almost no time getting ready for class, if they just find the right supplement, old outline, or so on.
That's a mistake.
As a 1L, it's important to make a good-faith effort to do the work you're assigned.
Why? Because otherwise you'll never develop the basic skills you need for success as a law student, and as a lawyer.
Imagine you've graduated from law school and gotten a job. Your boss comes in and asks you to research an esoteric point of contract law. You blew off Legal Research & Writing your 1L year, and hardly did any work in Contracts. You understand nothing that he's saying. You have no idea how to get started, and it takes you two hours to read every case you find (not that you really understand them anyway). You do a lousy job on the assignment, and he fires you the next morning.
Your course load is fairly light this first semester for a reason - to give you time to develop the skills you'll need later. If you don't spend enough time preparing for class, you're passing up a golden opportunity (and you'll probably live to regret it).
How Much Time is Just Right?
So, Goldilocks wonders, what's the right amount of time to spend preparing for class?
Let's think about it in terms of tasks:
Let's Do the Math
Putting all of this together, let's do some math.
Say you have two classes a day, with 20 pages of reading assigned in each. That's 2-3 hours of class time, with 2 hours of reading time per class (so, 3+2+2=7). If you spend an hour working on case briefs and getting the big picture for each class, we're already at 9 hours of class prep + class time. If it's a three-class day, you'd have thirteen hours of work to do, including attending class (4+2+2+2+1+1+1=13). If your professor assigned more than 20 pages, you'd have even more work to do!
This stuff adds up pretty quickly. As a rule of thumb, therefore, spending more than 3 hours preparing for any one class is probably too much. Sure, some days you'll have a ton of reading, or it will just go more slowly than normal, and you might spend more time. But pay attention to your averages. If they're substantially higher, it's time to evaluate your class prep strategy, because you're not going to have sufficient time to get ready for the main event - the final exam!
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How much time are you spending on class prep? Do you feel like it's too much?
If you're not sure what you should be spending time on as a 1L, you might find my new project helpful: Law School Toolbox. We've just launched a new Members area with a detailed, step-by-step guide to the entire law school experience. Take a look!
Alison Monahan is the founder of The Girl's Guide to Law School and a co-founder of the Law School Toolbox. A 2006 graduate of Columbia Law School, she was a member of the Columbia Law Review, a Civ Pro Teaching Assistant, a Kent Scholar, and a Stone Scholar. After law school, she clerked in the District of Massachusetts and was a BigLaw patent litigator for two years. Now she helps other aspiring lawyers get into law school, get through, and stay true to themselves in the process.
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