PORTLAND, Ore. - A Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals panel on Dec. 20 affirmed an award of summary judgment to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, after finding that it did not violate the Clean Water Act (CWA) and National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) when granting a mining company's application for a permit to conduct mining operations that would generate hexavalent chromium (Cr+6) (John B. Jones III, et al. v. National Marine Fisheries Service, et al., No. 11-35954, 9th Cir.; 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 25353).