WASHINGTON, D.C. - The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) was not required to produce an advisory counsel opinion related to its information-gathering techniques from telephone companies in response to a civil liberties organization's request under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), a District of Columbia Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals panel ruled Jan. 3, finding that the document was exempt from disclosure under the act's "deliberative process privilege" (Electronic Frontier Foundation v. United States Department of Justice, No. 12-5363, D.C. Cir.; 2014 U.S. App. LEXIS 70).