Vetstein Law Group: Hurricane Irene Cleanup: Who Is Responsible For Falling Trees?

Vetstein Law Group: Hurricane Irene Cleanup: Who Is Responsible For Falling Trees?

By Richard D. Vetstein, ESQ

Massachusetts Fallen Tree Law

Hurricane, Tropical Storm, whatever-you-want-to-be-called-Irene certainly did a number on Massachusetts. We are into Day 2 of no power in my hometown of Sudbury. The kids are getting absolutely stir crazy and driving mom CRAZY! I was never more excited to leave this morning for my power-juiced office! Hello, NStar where the *&!$% are you!!! Ok then, enough of that ranting.

Given all the trees and branches which fell across New England, the pressing question of the day is, clearly, who is responsible if my neighbor's tree or tree branch fell on my house, car, shed, patio, grill, etc. during the storm?

The short answer is that, legally speaking, your neighbor is not liable for a healthy tree falling down during a major storm event. That is considered an "Act of God" for which no one is legally liable (except God of course, but I think he enjoys some type of legal immunity-I'm not sure, I'll have to research that one). So, you will have to make a claim under your homeowner's insurance policy for the damage caused by the neighbor's tree.

As the court stated in the 1983 case of Ponte v. DaSilva [enhanced version available to lexis.com subscribers]:

The failure of a landowner to prevent the blowing or dropping of leaves, branches, and sap from a healthy tree onto a neighbor's property is not unreasonable and cannot be the basis of a finding of negligence or private nuisance. Of course, a neighbor has the right to remove so much of the tree as overhangs his property. To impose liability for injuries sustained as a result of debris from a healthy tree on property adjoining the site of the accident would be to ignore reality, and would be unworkable. No case has been brought to our attention in which liability has been imposed in such circumstances

On the other hand, if the neighbor's tree was diseased or decayed, was known to be at risk of falling and the neighbor ignored it, there could be negligence and liability. Either way, if you have homeowner's insurance, the insurance companies will sort out fault and blame.

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  Mr. Vetstein has represented clients in hundreds of lawsuits and disputes involving business, real estate, construction, condominium, zoning, environmental, banking and financial services, employment, and personal injury law.

In real estate matters, Mr. Vetstein handles residential and commercial transactions and closings. In land use, zoning, and licensing matters, Mr. Vetstein offers his clients an inside perspective as a former board member of the Sudbury Zoning Board of Appeals. Mr. Vetstein has an active real estate litigation practice, and was a former outside claims counsel for a national title company.

Drawing on his own business degree and experience, Mr. Vetstein assists his business clients with new business start ups, acquisitions, sales, contract, employment issues, trademarks, and succession planning. Mr. Vetstein also litigates, arbitrates and mediates a wide variety of commercial disputes.

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