In the May 2010 issue of Journal of Pain, the authors of "Bio-Psychosocial Determinants of Persistent Pain 6 Months After Non-Life-Threatening Acute Orthopaedic Trauma" explore whether long term pain and disability can be predicted. The authors found that psychological factors, such as pessimism about recovery, and mood factors, such as depression, significantly contributed to increased risk for chronic pain. Individuals with high initial pain intensity were more likely to have significant pain six months after discharge. Individuals who were injured at work were more likely to develop symptoms consistent with post-traumatic stress disorder, initiate litigation, and blame others for their injuries.
Read the abstract
Source: American Pain Society