Recent Posts

More Studies are Focusing on the Types of Bacteria that are Part of all Humans
Posted on 20 Jun 2012 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

Prior posts have noted that a) for every 1 human cell there are 10 bacteria in or on our bodies; b) these bacteria are key to the digestion of our food, production of necessary nutrients, and disease prevention; c) the nature of our diet influences the... Read More

Diet impacts gut bacteria, which in turn influences rates of asthma, allergies, inflammatory bowl disease, and other inflammatory diseases
Posted on 30 Aug 2010 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

When children become sick, when rates of disease increase in adults, both apparently without an obvious cause, there is an unfortunate tendency for some to seek to profit at the expense of the suffering by offering up phony theories and bizarre hypotheses... Read More

An important mechanism for the spread of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is identified
Posted on 1 Dec 2010 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

The abuse of antibiotics is commonly (and rightly) associated with the development of bacterial resistance to antibiotics. It is a well recognized principle that underlies attempts to limit antibiotic use to only the most necessary conditions, and to... Read More

Seaweed and licorice may help improve the immune system of swine, decreasing the need for antibiotics
Posted on 6 Jun 2011 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

As noted in prior posts, antibiotics are used not only to treat disease in animals, but also to prevent disease and to stimulate growth. Unfortunately, but not surprisingly, the use of antibiotics in animal husbandry has lead to the rapid development... Read More

Humans can transmit diseases to gorillas
Posted on 30 Apr 2011 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

Prior posts have noted and described a number of human diseases that had their origin in animals. Now it appears that some diseases can be transmitted from humans to gorillas. Ecotourism has been seen as a boon for countries with "interesting"... Read More

Intestinal bacteria may trigger multiple sclerosis
Posted on 21 Jan 2012 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

Physicians have not identified the cause of multiple sclerosis. Theses include an individual's genetics, environment, and possibly a virus. In such an environment, all types of theories can be thrown up and become the basis for litigation, not unlike... Read More

An entirely new carbon sink in the oceans may have been discovered
Posted on 30 Nov 2010 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

One of the themes that has run through prior posts is to note that our understanding of the carbon cycle may leave more than a little to be desired. Such lack of understanding may explain why the impacts of global warming are, in some cases, more severe... Read More

Pets can transmit salmonella bacteria
Posted on 27 Mar 2011 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

As many prior posts have noted, the key issue in toxic tort litigation is causation. With sloppy practices seeming to occur with fair regularity in the food industry, there has been an assumption that most sources of salmonella to which individuals... Read More

What is the source of the oceans' production of N2O, a potent GHG?
Posted on 7 Aug 2011 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

The oceans emit an estimated 30% of the nitrous oxide (N2O) entering the atmosphere. Nitrous oxide gives rise to NO (nitric oxide) when it reacts with oxygen atoms, and this NO in turn reacts with ozone. As a result, N2O is the main naturally occurring... Read More

Did Gulf surface bacteria not find Deepwater Horizon oil to be a complete diet?
Posted on 7 Aug 2011 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

Prior posts have discussed various aspects of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill and its impact on the biota of the Gulf. Bioremediation has several goals. First, one uses nature to remediate contamination, saving significant sums. Second, the "food"... Read More

Can antibiotics interfere with the body's ability to fight viruses? Perhaps so.
Posted on 20 May 2011 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

Prior posts have noted that abuse and misuse of antibiotics in people and animals has lead to an increase in antibiotic resistant organisms, to the detriment of human health. Prior posts have also noted the importance of bacteria to human health and welfare... Read More

Stress May Increase Inflammation and the Diseases Associated Therewith
Posted on 28 May 2012 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

Prior posts have noted that for toxic torts causation is the central focus, and that it is very difficult to prove. Prior posts have also noted that the makeup of the bacteria in one's GI tract can have a major influence on generating inflammation;... Read More

Amoebas in drinking water: An untreated threat to health
Posted on 5 Feb 2011 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

EPA recently announced they are moving forward, contrary to the policy of the Bush Administration, with setting standards for various toxics in drinking water. Unfortunately, attention is not being given to a serious health threat, amoebas in drinking... Read More

Intestinal bacteria can cause malnutrition
Posted on 27 Mar 2013 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

Prior posts, often in the context of assessments that need to be considered in the context of toxic tort litigation, have described the amazing impacts, both beneficial and adverse, that can derive from the intestinal bacterial flora. [And remember my... Read More

Diversity not only provides increased stability to ecological communities, it is more efficient for remediating contamination
Posted on 13 Apr 2011 by Thomas H. Clarke, Jr.

It has long been an axiom of environmental science that a diverse ecological community (aka biodiversity) is more resilient and productive because it stabilizes the ecological system as a whole. This should not be confused with a focus on an individual... Read More