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Immigration Law

LexisNexis Expert Author: Trump's Immigration Changes May Take Time - Cornell Law Prof. Stephen W. Yale-Loehr

Miriam Valverde, Politifact, Nov. 9, 2016- "Here’s a recap of Trump’s 10-point immigration plan:

1. Build an "impenetrable physical wall on the southern border" that he says Mexico will pay for.

2. End "catch-and-release." If anyone is caught illegally crossing the border, that person will be detained until deported.

3. Deport immigrants in the country illegally convicted of crimes.

4. End sanctuary cities (cities where local law enforcement officers aren’t required to alert federal authorities to people in the country illegally).

5. End Obama’s executive actions, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) and Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA) and triple the number of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents.

6. Suspend issuance of visas to people in places where "adequate screeningcannot occur, until proven and effective vetting mechanisms can be put into place."

7. Make sure countries take back their own citizens when the United State orders them deported.

8. Fully implement at all land, air and sea ports a biometric entry-exit visa tracking system.

9. "Turn off the jobs and benefits magnet" that attract immigrants who come to the United States illegally.

10. Reform legal immigration and keep it "within historic norms," to serve the best interests of America and its workers.

Whether Trump will actually follow through on these pledges remains to be seen, said Stephen W. Yale-Loehr, professor of immigration law practice at Cornell Law School.

"Some actions, like reversing President Obama’s immigration executive actions, can be done unilaterally," Yale-Loehr said. "Others, like building a wall and strengthening border security, will require Congress to change current law or to agree to spend the billions of dollars such proposals will require."

Some of Trump’s more controversial proposals like the creation of a new ideological test for admission to the United States "that would assess an immigrant’s stances on issues like religious freedom, gender equality and gay rights, would surely provoke constitutional challenges in the courts," Yale-Loehr said."