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State Net Capitol Journal: Governors Brace For Marriage Fight To Return To States

Governors reacted somewhat predictably to the Supreme Court's historic decisions supporting same-sex marriage last Wednesday, with Democrats hailing the rulings and Republicans bemoaning them. But there is one thing both sides can agree on: the battle over gay marriage is sure to now shift back to the states. 
New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie was one of the first GOP governors to react to the court's decision to toss out the main components of the Defense of Marriage Act, the federal law that barred same-sex couples from receiving federal benefits through their partner or spouse. On his monthly radio show, Christie called the decision "just another example of judicial supremacy rather than having a government run by the people we actually vote for." He reiterated that he would again veto any legislation legalizing gay marriage in the Garden State, insisting the matter should be decided instead by a voter referendum. Christie vetoed a bill to legalize same-sex marriage in 2012.  
Christie's reaction was in direct contrast to Democratic governors like Missouri's Jay Nixon, who called the striking down of DOMA "an important step forward," saying "none of us wants to live in a society that condones discrimination." New Hampshire Gov. Maggie Hassan (D) echoed his sentiment, calling the ruling "an historic step forward," noting that "now, for the first time, all married couples, no matter their gender, will receive the fair and equal treatment under the law that they so rightly deserve." 
In California, Gov. Jerry Brown (D) reacted quickly to the court's refusal to uphold Proposition 8, the state's constitutional ban on same-sex marriage. Shortly after the ruling, he announced a directive to county clerks to begin issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples as soon as the 9th U.C. Circuit Court of Appeals lifts its stay on their original ruling that overturned the law.  
Advocates on both sides of the issue also made it clear they would focus their efforts now in the states, with Illinois, which allows same-sex civil unions but not marriage, the likely next focal point. The Prairie State Senate approved a bill legalizing same-sex marriage earlier this year (SB 10), but it has stalled in the House. Gov. Pat Quinn (D) has urged House lawmakers to endorse the bill when they return in November for their veto session. He has vowed to sign the measure if they do. An openly gay Alabama lawmaker has also announced she will file a legal challenge to her state's constitutional ban on gay marriage (See SNCJ Spotlight in this issue).  
Just a day after the Supreme Court decisions, the American Civil Liberties Union announced it had hired Republican strategist Steve Schmidt, a former adviser to both President George W. Bush and John McCain's (R-AZ) 2008 presidential campaign, to lead a campaign to garner support for gay marriage in GOP-leaning states. The ACLU said it has a war chest of $10 million in place to fund the effort.  
Opponents are expected to mount similar campaigns against expansion of same-sex marriage, with some predicting the court's rulings will be a catalyst for their efforts. 
"These court decisions could be a real boon to our fund-raising," said Frank Schubert, a conservative political consultant and vice president of the National Organization for Marriage, told the New York Times. "People tend to react when the wolf is at the door." (NEW YORK TIMES, CALIFORNIA GOVERNOR'S OFFICE, USA TODAY, NPR.ORG, POLITICO, STAR-LEDGER [NEWARK], UNION LEADER [MANCHESTER], ST.LOUIS POST-DISPATCH, WASHINGTON POST) 

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American Michael Thompson kept his head in gusty winds to win the Honda Classic on Sunday <b>by</b> two shots from Australian Geoff Ogilvy.<br> New generation of conservatives rethink party agenda ahead of 2016 elections with winning the Hispanic <b>vote</b> a focus of <b>debateAmerica's</b> conservative movement, licking its wounds following last year's defeat of Republican presidential candidate Mitt Romney, gathered <b>this</b> week in an effort to find new leaders and search for a road<br><img src=""><br> back to power.At an annual conclave of grassroots activists  <a href = "">Fibroids Miracle </a> CPAC, hosted by the American Conservative Union, the Republicans' core base engaged itself in a three-day mix of recrimination about Romney's loss and <b>a</b> debate about the party's future.The gathering, by far the biggest conservative <b>event</b> of the Republican political year, always attracts a beauty parade of future White House hopefuls and this year has been no different. Young party hotshots like Florida <b>senator</b> Marco Rubio, <b>Kentucky</b> senator and Tea Party favourite Rand Paul, Texas senator Ted Cruz and Wisconsin <b>congressman</b> Paul Ryan all made the pilgrimage <b>to</b> a giant convention <b>centre</b> on the suburban outskirts of Washington to<br><img src=""><br> make <b>their</b> pitches.Ryan, a hardcore fiscal conservative who <b>was</b> Romney's running mate last year, gave a speech on Friday that demanded smaller government and less spending as a way of tacking <b>America's</b> deficit. "Our debt is a threat," he said. "We have to tackle this problem before it tackles us." He ended his speech urging the crowd: "Go get 'em!".The<br> self-styled new generation of leaders was joined by party stalwarts of the rightwing like Texas  <a href = "">Ovarian Cyst Miracle  </a> Perry and John McCain's former running mate Sarah Palin, whose political power has waned even as she remains a major media force.In<br> the landscape of US politics, CPAC has long exerted a strong grip on <b>Republican</b> ideology. But this year has been different. Many experts within and outside the party believe it desperately needs to broaden its appeal to young voters and minorities, especially Hispanics, and lessen its social conservatism on issues like gay marriage.As a result some of the CPAC panels and speeches have seen some honest truth-telling. "Well, we lost," said *** Morris, a <b>former</b> Bill Clinton adviser turned conservative pundit.<br> Morris, who urged the party to embrace immigration reform as way of attracting Hispanics, was joined by other <b>senior</b> members of the Washington political class. "Our losses in 2012 were devastating," said Matt Schlapp, a consultant with Cove Strategies.Attracting Hispanics has figured in several debates in the main convention hall <b>and</b> at dozens of fringe meetings held in conference rooms and local restaurants. Republican pollster Whit Ayres<br><img src=""><br> predicted that immigration reform  <a href = "">Melt Your Man's Heart </a> over Hispanics could win the 2016 election. "We can do much, much better in the Hispanic community than we did in 2008 and 2012 and if we do we stand a very good chance of winning the 2016 election," he said.Much of the hope around breathing new life<br><img src=""><br> into the movement has rested on the relatively youthful shoulders of figures such as Rubio, whose Cuban parentage is seen as allowing the party to move away from its image as dominated by old, white men. Rubio <b>gave</b> a barnstorming speech where he<br><img src=""><br> <b>kept</b> close to conservative values but packaged them as the voice of a squeezed middle <b>class.</b> "Every week Washington is creating some sort of manmade political crisis<br><img src=""><br> for<br><img src=""><br> them to worry about," he said.<br> "They wonder who is fighting for them? Who is fighting for the hardworking every day people of this country?"But Rand Paul was also a hit, <b>especially</b> after his high profile criticisms of Barack Obama's drones programme.Paul,<br> who is trying to capture <b>the</b> same <b>libertarian-leaning</b> wing of <b>the</b> party that  <a href = "">get him back forever book </a> Ron Paul inspired, thundered against the Republican establishment.<br> "The <b>GOP</b> of old has grown stale and moss-covered," he said.Such<br> sentiments were popular among CPAC attendees.<br> "You're seeing a changing of the <b>guard</b> to both Rand and Marco," said William Temple, 62, from Georgia.This<br> wider identity <b>crisis</b> in conservative circles has hit CPAC, which faced a mini-scandal after it failed to invite any gay Republican groups or the popular but more moderate New Jersey governor Chris<br><img src=""><br> Christie, and yet gave a prime speaking slot to reality TV star Donald Trump, who has frequently questioned whether Obama was born in America.Trump<br> did little to dispel his eccentric reputation, delivering a <b>rambling</b> and boastful speech. "I am continually criticised by the lightweights. It's unbelievable," he complained.Despite the lack of an official invite, one prominent gay Republican was asked by a sponsoring group to speak at a panel. Jimmy <b>DaSilvia,</b> director of GOProud, rousingly condemned <b>the</b> idea of anti-gay<br><img src=""><br> bigotry in the party. "There are a <b>few</b> in our movement who just don't like gay people and in  <a href = "">yeast infection no more review </a> is just not OK <b>anymore,"</b> he told a packed gathering<br><img src=""><br> <b>held</b> away from CPAC's main speaking hall.But<br> Rubio, whom is emerging as the leading light of the conservative right, <b>showed</b> no signs of backing away from his opposition to same sex marriage equality. "Just because I believe states have the right to define marriage in a<br><img src=""><br> traditional way does not make me a bigot," he said.RepublicansUS politicsUnited StatesRand PaulPaul RyanMarco RubioRick PerrySarah PalinPaul<br> © 2013 Guardian News and Media Limited or its affiliated companies.<br> <b>All</b> rights reserved. | Use of this content is <b>subject</b> to our Terms & Conditions | More Feeds The 24 houses of Oakton Plantation sit amid<br><img src=""><br> countless other subdivisions<br><img src=""><br> <b>but</b> seem almost like a self-contained small town. Japanese authorities declared a state of <b>emergency</b> Saturday for five<br><img src=""><br> nuclear reactors at two <b>power</b> plants as officials scrambled to <b>tame</b> rising pressure and radioactivity levels. Winterson's 'cover version' of The Winter's Tale and Tyler's take on The Taming of the Shrew will begin 'major' projectJeanette Winterson is set to write a  <a href = "">sold out after crisis review </a> of Shakespeare's late play, The Winter's Tale, <b>as</b> part of a "major" new project reimagining Shakespeare's canon for a 21st-century audience.Following<br> the current trend for modern retellings of classic stories – Val McDermid, Joanna Trollope and Curtis Sittenfeld <b>are</b> all currently writing reworkings of Jane Austen – the Shakespeare project will launch in 2016, coinciding with the <b>400th</b> anniversary of the playwright's death.Publisher Random House hopes it will bring Shakespeare "alive for a contemporary readership", and plans to kick off the programme with <b>prose</b> "retellings" of The Winter's <b>Tale,</b> Shakespeare's late play of jealousy and forgiveness, from Whitbread award-winner Winterson, and The Taming of the Shrew from the Pulitzer-winning American novelist Anne Tyler."All of us have talismanic texts that we have carried around and that carry us around," said Winterson.<br> "I have worked with The Winter's Tale in many disguises for many years. 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An abandoned child, of course (Perdita).<br> And Paulina, Hermione and Perdita <b>are</b> aspects of Woman as the <b>Triple</b> Goddess, while Leontes and Polixones work as the ancient motif of the <b>Hostile</b> Brothers.<br> The myth framework <b>behind</b> the scenes is strange and wild. The <b>late</b> plays are like that, trying to lift the action past the human plane and into a deep sense of the universal.""Working with it is going to be a tricky gift," she added. <b>"Shakespeare</b> never invented a plot line and <b>worked</b> from what preoccupied him – that is why he goes on being able <b>to</b> <b>become</b> so <b>many</b> things on stage.<br> The Shakespeare purists miss the point about his exuberant ragbag of borrowings thrown into the alchemical furnace of his mind and lifted  <a href = "">save my marriage today review </a> He sums up the creative process, which is not concerned with originality of source but originality <b>of</b> re-making."Jeanette<br> WintersonAnne TylerFictionWilliam ShakespeareAlison © 2013 Guardian <b>News</b> and Media Limited or its <b>affiliated</b> companies.<br> All rights reserved.<br> | Use of this content is subject to our Terms & Conditions | More <b>Feeds    </b> Government investigators have rejected claims that electronic defects caused <b>Toyota</b> cars and<br><img src=""><br> trucks to accelerate out of control, a finding released Tuesday <b>that</b> offers a measure of long-awaited vindication for the world's largest automaker and shifts blame to the drivers who reported the incidents. Connecticut guard Shabazz Napier, who led the team <b>in</b> scoring, will pass on the N.B.A. draft and return <b>for</b> his senior season.     What Egyptians most want from the U.S. is<br><img src=""><br> smart, targeted and timely assistance.<br> U.S. stocks posted their first weekly decline in three weeks as several major companies forecast earnings that trailed Wall Street estimates.<br>      In looking for ways <b>to</b> combat climate change and minimize the <b>planet’s</b> warming, atmospheric chemist Susan Solomon says it’s often helpful —  <a href = "">ex2 system </a> <b>—</b> to look to the past.<br> Solomon points out that recent decades have seen major environmental progress: In the <b>1970s,</b> the United States banned indoor leaded paint following evidence that it was poisoning children. In the 1990s, the United States put in <b>place</b><br><img src=""><br> regulations to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide — a move that significantly reduced acid rain. Beginning in the 1970s, <b>countries</b> around the world began to phase <b>out</b><br><img src=""><br> leaded gasoline; blood lead levels in children dropped dramatically in <b>response. </b> During this period, Solomon herself <b>contributed</b> to <b>a</b> milestone in environmental protection: In 1985, scientists discovered that the Earth’s protective ozone layer was thinning over Antarctica. In response, Solomon led an expedition whose atmospheric measurements helped show that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) — chemicals then used in aerosols and as coolants in refrigerators and air conditioners — <b>were</b> to blame for ozone depletion.<br> Her discovery ultimately contributed to<br><img src=""><br> the basis for<br><img src=""><br> the United Nations’ Montreal Protocol, an international treaty <b>designed</b> to protect the ozone layer by phasing out CFCs and other ozone-depleting chemicals. “I find  <a href = "">guy gets girl pdf </a> uplifting to look back at how our world has changed,” says Solomon, now the Ellen Swallow <b>Richards</b> Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Science at MIT.<br> Solomon, a renowned atmospheric chemist who worked for <b>30</b> years in Boulder, Colo., at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and <b>as</b> <b>an</b> adjunct professor at the University of Colorado, is continuing her work in climate research at MIT, where she joined the Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences in January.<br> In addition <b>to</b> her research, Solomon is teaching a course,<br><img src=""><br> 12.085/12.885<br> (Environmental Science and Society), exploring how society has tackled a range of past environmental challenges through science, engineering, policy, public engagement and politics. “I think<br><img src=""><br> <b>young</b> people today are growing up at a time when they don’t know that we actually have made tremendous progress on a whole series of <b>past</b> environmental challenges,” Solomon says. “Climate change has been called the mother of <b>all</b> environmental issues … and I think our approach to this problem can only be better informed if we understand better  <a href = "">text the romance back 2.0 </a> done in the past.”Heading<br> westBorn in Chicago, Solomon was completely taken, from a young age, with “The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau,” <b>a</b> <b>documentary</b> series that followed the legendary marine explorer on his seafaring expeditions. “I <b>pretty</b> much never wavered from the decision right then that I was going to be a scientist,” she recalls. After high school, Solomon enrolled at the Illinois Institute of Technology, where <b>she</b> received a <b>bachelor’s</b> degree in chemistry. Continuing her studies in atmospheric chemistry, Solomon moved west, to the University of California at Berkeley. “I had a 1977 Gremlin,” Solomon recalls. “It was one of the most awful cars, I think, ever made, but it was really cheap, and I was young and poor. I remember listening to … ‘California Dreamin’’ as I drove out west.”Solomon received her PhD in chemistry from Berkeley in 1981, and went to work as a research scientist at NOAA.<br> In 1985, scientists with the British Antarctic Survey discovered the ozone hole above Antarctica, prompting <b>Solomon</b> to lead expeditions to the icy continent  <a href = "">the jump manual pdf </a> and 1987.“It’s<br> the next-best thing to going <b>to</b> another planet,” Solomon says of the harsh yet exhilarating experience. “It is the place on our planet that is the most unexplored, the most <b>remote,</b> the most hostile in terms of what the weather and climate is.<br> It is so <b>viciously</b> cold. I just thought it was fantastic exploration, and it’s <b>that</b> spirit of exploration that I think is so endemic to science, and is fundamental to everything about Antarctica.”In 2001, Solomon chronicled perhaps the most dramatic exploration of that continent in a bestselling book, “The Coldest March”: She <b>used</b> scientific data to examine <b>long-held</b> myths about Robert Falcon Scott, an early-20th-century English explorer who trekked more than 1,000 miles on foot in an effort to <b>become</b> the first to reach the South Pole.<br> <b>But</b> Roald Amundsen, a rival explorer, beat him to the pole by a month, and Scott, along with several team members, perished on the long trek back.<br> While Scott’s expedition had been ridiculed — for example, by some <b>who</b> painted him as  <a href = "">the simple golf swing </a> Englishman who only wanted <b>to</b><br><img src=""><br> eat tinned mutton,” and therefore died of scurvy — <b>letters</b> and diaries from his crew told a different story. Many <b>members</b> of the <b>team</b> described eating fresh seal meat and seal liver, which have been shown to be a good source of the vitamins that ward off the disease. Solomon also analyzed weather data from 1912, and discovered that <b>the</b> crew likely would have survived <b>had</b> they not encountered extreme and unpredictable weather conditions.<br> “It just seemed to me that somebody needed to go back and take a closer look, with all the diaries of all the guys, and what we know from modern science,” Solomon says.<br> Changing the climateIn 2002, <b>Solomon</b> took on another monumental task: leading an international assessment of the <b>scientific</b> work related to climate change. Over six years, she served as co-chair of Working Group 1 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).<br> In 2007, the group released <b>a</b> comprehensive report on the scientific basis of climate change.<br> Later that year, based <b>in</b> part  <a href = "">tinnitus miracle system review </a> report, the IPCC and former vice <b>president</b> Al Gore received the Nobel <b>Peace</b> Prize. Solomon continues to seek answers to the most pressing climate <b>challenges.<br></b> In a widely cited<br><img src=""><br> 2009 paper published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Solomon and her co-authors determined that, even if humans were to immediately and completely stop emitting carbon dioxide, <b>it</b> would take more than 1,000 years to undo existing changes in Earth’s surface temperatures, rainfall and sea levels. This news, while sobering, has not deterred the chemist in her scientific goals.<br> Solomon is currently probing which places on the planet are likely to be the most affected by anthropogenic warming in the near future. In addition to her climate research, she also continues to study the stratosphere — the layer of the atmosphere in which the<br><img src=""><br> ozone layer is found.<br> “There are still fantastic surprises in the stratosphere, as there are in any field, no matter how much has been done <b>on</b> it,” Solomon says.<br> “There’s always something to discover, and I love that