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Oakland, CA -- Payments for medical-legal services used to resolve medical disputes over compensability issues in California work injury claims have risen sharply under the new Medical-Legal Fee Schedule (MLFS) that took effect last year according to a new CWCI study, with the increase in aggregate med-legal fees in the first seven months after the schedule took effect far exceeding the 25% increase anticipated by the Division of Workers’ Compensation (DWC).
In April 2021, the DWC implemented a new fee schedule that for the first time since 2006, changed the payment formulas for med-legal evaluations and reports. The old MLFS had provided varying flat fee payments for “basic” and “complex” comprehensive (ML102 and ML103) evaluations, and time-based payments for evaluations involving “extraordinary circumstances” (ML104). The new schedule replaced those three levels of service with a single code (ML201), for which forensic physicians are paid a single, flat fee, plus $3 per page for record reviews exceeding 200 pages (MLPRR), and time-based payments for sub rosa video reviews (ML205). The new MLFS also continued to allow additional fees for evaluations by an Agreed Medical Evaluator (AME) or those involving an interpreter, and expanded fee multipliers to certain medical specialists.
CWCI’s study compared the utilization and reimbursement of med-legal services rendered before and after the new schedule’s April 1, 2021 effective date, using data from accident year 2015 through 2021 claims, with service dates limited to January through October of each year to account for the timing of billing and payment. The results indicate that replacing the three levels of evaluations with a single comprehensive evaluation reimbursed at a flat fee of $2,015 likely had the biggest impact on average payments. Basic evaluations (previously billed under ML102) accounted for about 40% of the evaluations paid under the new ML201 comprehensive service code, and the new flat fee increased the payment for these services by 222%. More complex evaluations (previously billed under ML103) represented 18% of the new ML201 evaluations, and payments for these services increased by 115%. Other key findings from the study:
CWCI has published its study in a Research Update Report, “An Early Look at the Impact of the New Med-Legal Fee Schedule,” which is available to CWCI members and subscribers who log on to the Research section at www.cwci.org. Others may purchase the report from CWCI’s online store, here. CWCI will also conduct a half hour webinar followed by a Q&A session (free to CWCI members, $75 for non-members) on Wednesday, July 27 at 10 a.m. (Pacific) to review the MLFS changes and the results of the study. For details or to register for the webinar, click here.