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"Under federal immigration law, Efstathiadis’ removal turns on whether the crime he was convicted of—C.G.S. § 53a‐73a(a)(2)—is a CIMT. The answer to that question, in turn, implicates the level of mens rea applicable to C.G.S. § 53a‐73a(a)(2)’s lack of consent element. Because we are unable to predict what level of mens rea the Connecticut courts would require, and because the issue involves the weighing of important policy considerations, we respectfully certify the following questions to the Connecticut Supreme Court: (1) Is C.G.S. § 53a‐73a(a)(2) a strict liability offense with respect to the lack of consent element? (2) If C.G.S. § 53a‐73a(a)(2) is not a strict liability offense with respect to the lack of consent element, what level of mens rea vis‐à‐vis that element is required to support a conviction?" - Efstathiadis v. Holder, May 20, 2014.