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By Troutman Sanders
Part I of this post addressed the content that appears on your company website - both content you create or that was created for you and content generated by users of your website. Today, we will look at the various technologies for collecting information from users - often without their knowledge or explicit consent - and the rules governing the use and protection of that information.
Cookies and web beacons are simply text files or software code which track users' activities while on a website. Websites often use information from cookies and web beacons to personalize advertisements shown to a web visitor. For example, most search engines place a tracking cookie on your computer relating to searches you perform. That is why you might see advertisements relating to your past searches as you browse the internet.
Trackers such as cookies and web beacons are not currently subject to government regulation, though a coalition of website operators has created a self-regulatory regime which asks companies to implement privacy protections on their own initiative.
Regulations in several states also require that a website which receives personal information from website visitors have a comprehensive security program and a security system covering its computers. Similarly, most states require website owners to provide notice to consumers for any "data breach" resulting in unauthorized disclosure of personal information.
The federal CAN-SPAM Act establishes rules for commercial email messages. The Act prohibits false or misleading header information or deceptive subject lines and requires that the email discloses that the message is an advertisement. The Act also must indicate the physical address of the sender and must include a clear and conspicuous explanation of how to opt-out of future commercial emails.
Protecting personal privacy on the Internet is a growing area of concern for legislators and regulators. As businesses increase the use of their website to communicate and interact with their customers, they need to ensure that they comply with all of various federal and state laws governing the protection and use of that information.
Contributors: Dabney Carr and Robert Angle, Troutman Sanders Intellectual Property Practice Group
For questions and/or comments, please contact Bryan Haynes, Troutman Sanders Tobacco Law Team Co-Leader, at 804.697.1420 or by email.
About Troutman Sanders
Troutman Sanders is an international law firm with offices in North America, Europe and Asia. Founded in 1897, the firm's heritage of extensive experience, exceptional responsiveness and an unwavering commitment to service has garnered strong, long-standing relationships with clients across the globe. These clients range from multinational corporations to individual entrepreneurs, federal and state agencies to foreign governments, and non-profit organizations to businesses representing virtually every sector and industry.
Troutman Sanders lawyers provide counsel and advice in practically every aspect of civil and commercial law related to the firm's core practice areas: Corporate, Finance, Litigation, Public Law and Real Estate. With more than 50 practice groups focused on specific aspects of these areas, the firm is defined by its considerable knowledge base and proactive approach to addressing legal and business challenges.
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